File::Basename(3)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide      File::Basename(3)

       fileparse - split a pathname into pieces

       basename - extract just the filename from a path

       dirname - extract just the directory from a path

           use File::Basename;

           ($name,$path,$suffix) = fileparse($fullname,@suffixlist)
           $basename = basename($fullname,@suffixlist);
           $dirname = dirname($fullname);

           ($name,$path,$suffix) = fileparse("lib/File/","\.pm");
           $basename = basename("lib/File/",".pm");
           $dirname = dirname("lib/File/");

       These routines allow you to parse file specifications into useful
       pieces using the syntax of different operating systems.

           You select the syntax via the routine fileparse_set_fstype().

           If the argument passed to it contains one of the substrings "VMS",
           "MSDOS", "MacOS", "AmigaOS" or "MSWin32", the file specification
           syntax of that operating system is used in future calls to
           fileparse(), basename(), and dirname().  If it contains none of
           these substrings, UNIX syntax is used.  This pattern matching is
           case-insensitive.  If you've selected VMS syntax, and the file
           specification you pass to one of these routines contains a "/",
           they assume you are using UNIX emulation and apply the UNIX syntax
           rules instead, for that function call only.

           If the argument passed to it contains one of the substrings "VMS",
           "MSDOS", "MacOS", "AmigaOS", "os2", "MSWin32" or "RISCOS", then the
           pattern matching for suffix removal is performed without regard for
           case, since those systems are not case-sensitive when opening
           existing files (though some of them preserve case on file

           If you haven't called fileparse_set_fstype(), the syntax is chosen
           by examining the builtin variable $^O according to these rules.

           The fileparse() routine divides a file specification into three
           parts: a leading path, a file name, and a suffix.  The path
           contains everything up to and including the last directory
           separator in the input file specification.  The remainder of the
           input file specification is then divided into name and suffix based
           on the optional patterns you specify in @suffixlist.  Each element
           of this list is interpreted as a regular expression, and is matched
           against the end of name.  If this succeeds, the matching portion of
           name is removed and prepended to suffix.  By proper use of
           @suffixlist, you can remove file types or versions for examination.

           You are guaranteed that if you concatenate path, name, and suffix
           together in that order, the result will denote the same file as the
           input file specification.

       Using UNIX file syntax:

           ($base,$path,$type) = fileparse('/virgil/aeneid/draft.book7',

       would yield

           $base eq 'draft'
           $path eq '/virgil/aeneid/',
           $type eq '.book7'

       Similarly, using VMS syntax:

           ($name,$dir,$type) = fileparse('Doc_Root:[Help]Rhetoric.Rnh',

       would yield

           $name eq 'Rhetoric'
           $dir  eq 'Doc_Root:[Help]'
           $type eq '.Rnh'

            The basename() routine returns the first element of the list
            produced by calling fileparse() with the same arguments, except
            that it always quotes metacharacters in the given suffixes.  It is
            provided for programmer compatibility with the UNIX shell command

            The dirname() routine returns the directory portion of the input
            file specification.  When using VMS or MacOS syntax, this is
            identical to the second element of the list produced by calling
            fileparse() with the same input file specification.  (Under VMS,
            if there is no directory information in the input file
            specification, then the current default device and directory are
            returned.)  When using UNIX or MSDOS syntax, the return value
            conforms to the behavior of the UNIX shell command dirname(1).
            This is usually the same as the behavior of fileparse(), but
            differs in some cases.  For example, for the input file
            specification lib/, fileparse() considers the directory name to be
            lib/, while dirname() considers the directory name to be .).

3rd Berkeley Distribution    perl 5.005, patch 02            File::Basename(3)