IPC::Open3(3)          Perl Programmers Reference Guide          IPC::Open3(3)

       IPC::Open3, open3 - open a process for reading, writing, and error

           $pid = open3(\*WTRFH, \*RDRFH, \*ERRFH,
                           'some cmd and args', 'optarg', ...);

       Extremely similar to open2(), open3() spawns the given $cmd and
       connects RDRFH for reading, WTRFH for writing, and ERRFH for errors.
       If ERRFH is '', or the same as RDRFH, then STDOUT and STDERR of the
       child are on the same file handle.  The WTRFH will have autoflush
       turned on.

       If WTRFH begins with "<&", then WTRFH will be closed in the parent, and
       the child will read from it directly.  If RDRFH or ERRFH begins with
       ">&", then the child will send output directly to that file handle.  In
       both cases, there will be a dup(2) instead of a pipe(2) made.

       If you try to read from the child's stdout writer and their stderr
       writer, you'll have problems with blocking, which means you'll want to
       use select(), which means you'll have to use sysread() instead of
       normal stuff.

       open3() returns the process ID of the child process.  It doesn't return
       on failure: it just raises an exception matching /^open3:/.

       It will not create these file handles for you.  You have to do this
       yourself.  So don't pass it empty variables expecting them to get
       filled in for you.

       Additionally, this is very dangerous as you may block forever.  It
       assumes it's going to talk to something like bc, both writing to it and
       reading from it.  This is presumably safe because you "know" that
       commands like bc will read a line at a time and output a line at a
       time.  Programs like sort that read their entire input stream first,
       however, are quite apt to cause deadlock.

       The big problem with this approach is that if you don't have control
       over source code being run in the child process, you can't control what
       it does with pipe buffering.  Thus you can't just open a pipe to cat -v
       and continually read and write a line from it.

3rd Berkeley Distribution    perl 5.005, patch 02                IPC::Open3(3)