NET::NETRC(1)         User Contributed Perl Documentation        NET::NETRC(1)

       Net::Netrc - OO interface to users netrc file

           use Net::Netrc;

           $mach = Net::Netrc->lookup('some.machine');
           $login = $mach->login;
           ($login, $password, $account) = $mach->lpa;

       Net::Netrc is a class implementing a simple interface to the .netrc
       file used as by the ftp program.

       Net::Netrc also implements security checks just like the ftp program,
       these checks are, first that the .netrc file must be owned by the user
       and second the ownership permissions should be such that only the owner
       has read and write access. If these conditions are not met then a
       warning is output and the .netrc file is not read.

THE .netrc FILE
       The .netrc file contains login and initialization information used by
       the auto-login process.  It resides in the user's home directory.  The
       following tokens are recognized; they may be separated by spaces, tabs,
       or new-lines:

       machine name
           Identify a remote machine name. The auto-login process searches the
           .netrc file for a machine token that matches the remote machine
           specified.  Once a match is made, the subsequent .netrc tokens are
           processed, stopping when the end of file is reached or an- other
           machine or a default token is encountered.

           This is the same as machine name except that default matches any
           name.  There can be only one default token, and it must be after
           all machine tokens.  This is normally used as:

               default login anonymous password user@site

           thereby giving the user automatic anonymous login to machines not
           specified in .netrc.

       login name
           Identify a user on the remote machine.  If this token is present,
           the auto-login process will initiate a login using the specified

       password string
           Supply a password.  If this token is present, the auto-login
           process will supply the specified string if the remote server
           requires a password as part of the login process.

       account string
           Supply an additional account password.  If this token is present,
           the auto-login process will supply the specified string if the
           remote server requires an additional account password.

       macdef name
           Define a macro. Net::Netrc only parses this field to be compatible
           with ftp.

       The constructor for a Net::Netrc object is not called new as it does
       not really create a new object. But instead is called lookup as this is
       essentially what it deos.

       lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])
           Lookup and return a reference to the entry for MACHINE. If LOGIN is
           given then the entry returned will have the given login. If LOGIN
           is not given then the first entry in the .netrc file for MACHINE
           will be returned.

           If a matching entry cannot be found, and a default entry exists,
           then a reference to the default entry is returned.

       login ()
           Return the login id for the netrc entry

       password ()
           Return the password for the netrc entry

       account ()
           Return the account information for the netrc entry

       lpa ()
           Return a list of login, password and account information fir the
           netrc entry

       Graham Barr <>

       $Revision: 2.1 $

       the Net::Netrc manpage the Net::Cmd manpage

       Copyright (c) 1995 Graham Barr. All rights reserved. This program is
       free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

3rd Berkeley Distribution    perl 5.003, patch 07                NET::NETRC(1)