AMANDA-INTERACTIVIT(7)            Miscellanea           AMANDA-INTERACTIVIT(7)

       amanda-interactivity - Configuring Interactivity with Amanda Amanda

       Amanda uses interactivity to ask user to load specific volumes when
       they are needed. This manual page describes the interactivity modules
       included with Amanda.

       This is a user-level description of the API, and does not address
       details that are only of concern to developers of new interactivity
       plugins. For that purpose, consult the Amanda source code, perldoc
       'Amanda::Interactivity' and

       Interactivity is specified in amanda.conf(5) as follows:

       define interactivity $interactivity_name {
          comment "$comment"
          plugin "$pluginname"
          property "$PROPERTY_NAME" "$PROPERTY_VALUE"
       and then referenced in the global section as

         interactivity "$interactivity_name"

       Interactivity properties, like Amanda configuration parameters, are
       insensitive to case, and - (dash) and _ (underscore) may be used

       See the individual plugin sections, below for properties applicable to
       each plugin.

       Amanda provides three interactivity modules, tty, email and tty_email.

       The tty interactivity module uses the tty to communicate with the user,
       it works only if a terminal is available, which is the case if amanda
       is executed from a command line.

       When promted for a volume, the user must put the requested volume in
       the changer and type <enter>. User can type the name of another changer
       if the volume is available in that changer. Typing 'abort' will abort
       the operation.

       The email interactivity module uses email to send requests to the user,
       and reads replies from the filesystem.

       The email module has many properties:


           If set, amanda will check this file for user input.  The user can
           touch the file to tell amanda that the requested volume was
           inserted in the changer.  If the user writes the name of a changer
           into the file, Amanda will use that changer.  If the user writes
           the word 'abort' into the file, the scan will be aborted.


           Default: 10. This integer property indicates the time in seconds
           between each check of the check-file.


           Default: global value of mailto.  The email addresses to which the
           email should be sent.  If multiple addresses are given, they should
           be separated by spaces.


           Default 0. The time in seconds between emails.  Amanda will resend
           the same email at this frequency, which can be useful if mailto is
           a pager or phone.  If set to 0, only one email is sent.

       The tty_email interactivity module uses the tty module if a terminal is
       available and uses the email module otherwise. Its properties are a
       combination of properties from each module.

         define interactivity "by-tty-or-email" {
           comment "Send email on runs from cron; use terminal on command line"
           plugin "tty_email"
           property "mailto" "admin1" "admin2" "me@home"
           property "resend-delay" "1800"               #every 30 minutes
           property "check-file" "/tmp/email_input"
           property "check-file-delay" "10"             #every 10 seconds

       amanda(8), amanda.conf(5)

       The Amanda Wiki: :

       Jean-Louis Martineau <>
           Zmanda, Inc. (

Amanda 3.5.1                      12/01/2017            AMANDA-INTERACTIVIT(7)