ao_string_tokenize

ao_string_tokenize(3)         Programmer's Manual        ao_string_tokenize(3)



NAME
       ao_string_tokenize - tokenize an input string


SYNOPSIS
       #include <your-opts.h>
       cc [...] -o outfile infile.c -lopts [...]

       token_list_t * ao_string_tokenize(char const * string);


DESCRIPTION
       This function will convert one input string into a list of strings.
       The list of strings is derived by separating the input based on white
       space separation.  However, if the input contains either single or
       double quote characters, then the text after that character up to a
       matching quote will become the string in the list.

       The returned pointer should be deallocated with free(3C) when are done
       using the data.  The data are placed in a single block of allocated
       memory.  Do not deallocate individual token/strings.

       The structure pointed to will contain at least these two fields:

       tkn_ct The number of tokens found in the input string.

       tok_list An array of tkn_ct + 1 pointers to substring tokens, with the
       last pointer set to NULL.

       There are two types of quoted strings: single quoted (') and double
       quoted (").  Singly quoted strings are fairly raw in that escape
       characters (\) are simply another character, except when preceding the
       following characters:
           \  double backslashes reduce to one
           '   incorporates the single quote into the string
           0fP  suppresses both the backslash and newline character

       Double quote strings are formed according to the rules of string
       constants in ANSI-C programs.

       string string to be tokenized


RETURN VALUE
       pointer to a structure that lists each token


ERRORS
       NULL is returned and errno will be set to indicate the problem:







       EINVAL - There was an unterminated quoted string.

       ENOENT - The input string was empty.

       ENOMEM - There is not enough memory.  @end itemize


EXAMPLES
                #include <stdlib.h>
                int ix;
                token_list_t * ptl = ao_string_tokenize(some_string)
                for (ix = 0; ix < ptl->tkn_ct; ix++)
                do_something_with_tkn(ptl->tkn_list[ix]);
                free(ptl);
            Note that everything is freed with the one call to free(3C).

SEE ALSO
       The info documentation for the -lopts library.
       configFileLoad(3), optionFileLoad(3), optionFindNextValue(3),
       optionFindValue(3), optionFree(3), optionGetValue(3),
       optionLoadLine(3), optionMemberList(3), optionNextValue(3),
       optionOnlyUsage(3), optionPrintVersion(3),
       optionPrintVersionAndReturn(3), optionProcess(3), optionRestore(3),
       optionSaveFile(3), optionSaveState(3), optionUnloadNested(3),
       optionVersion(3), strequate(3), streqvcmp(3), streqvmap(3),
       strneqvcmp(3), strtransform(3),



                                  2018-11-10             ao_string_tokenize(3)