APT.CONF(5)                                                        APT.CONF(5)

       apt.conf - Configuration file for APT

       apt.conf is the main configuration file for the APT suite of tools, all
       tools make use of the configuration file and a common command line
       parser to provide a uniform environment. When an APT tool starts up it
       will read the configuration specified by the APT_CONFIG environment
       variable (if any) and then read the files in Dir::Etc::Parts then read
       the main configuration file specified by Dir::Etc::main then finally
       apply the command line options to override the configuration
       directives, possibly loading even more config files.

       The configuration file is organized in a tree with options organized
       into functional groups. Option specification is given with a double
       colon notation, for instance APT::Get::Assume-Yes is an option within
       the APT tool group, for the Get tool. Options do not inherit from their
       parent groups.

       Syntacticly the configuration language is modeled after what the ISC
       tools such as bind and dhcp use.  Lines starting with // are treated as
       comments (ignored).  Each line is of the form

       APT::Get::Assume-Yes "true";
       The trailing semicolon is required and the quotes are optional. A new
       scope can be opened with curly braces, like:

       APT {
         Get {
           Assume-Yes "true";
           Fix-Broken "true";
       with newlines placed to make it more readable. Lists can be created by
       opening a scope and including a single word enclosed in quotes followed
       by a semicolon. Multiple entries can be included, each separated by a

       DPkg::Pre-Install-Pkgs {"/usr/sbin/dpkg-preconfigure --apt";};

       In general the sample configuration file in
       /usr/share/doc/apt/examples/configure-index.gz is a good guide for how
       it should look.

       Two specials are allowed, #include and #clear.  #include will include
       the given file, unless the filename ends in a slash, then the whole
       directory is included.  #clear is used to erase a list of names.

       All of the APT tools take a -o option which allows an arbitrary
       configuration directive to be specified on the command line. The syntax
       is a full option name (APT::Get::Assume-Yes for instance) followed by
       an equals sign then the new value of the option. Lists can be appended
       too by adding a trailing :: to the list name.

       This group of options controls general APT behavior as well as holding
       the options for all of the tools.

              System Architecture; sets the architecture to use when fetching
              files and parsing package lists. The internal default is the
              architecture apt was compiled for.

              Ignore Held packages; This global option causes the problem
              resolver to ignore held packages in its decision making.

              Defaults to on. When turned on the autoclean feature will remove
              any packages which can no longer be downloaded from the cache.
              If turned off then packages that are locally installed are also
              excluded from cleaning - but note that APT provides no direct
              means to reinstall them.

              Disable Immediate Configuration; This dangerous option disables
              some of APT's ordering code to cause it to make fewer dpkg
              calls. Doing so may be necessary on some extremely slow single
              user systems but is very dangerous and may cause package install
              scripts to fail or worse.  Use at your own risk.

              Never Enable this option unless you -really- know what you are
              doing. It permits APT to temporarily remove an essential package
              to break a Conflicts/Conflicts or Conflicts/Pre-Depend loop
              between two essential packages. SUCH A LOOP SHOULD NEVER EXIST
              AND IS A GRAVE BUG. This option will work if the essential
              packages are not tar, gzip, libc, dpkg, bash or anything that
              those packages depend on.

              APT uses a fixed size memory mapped cache file to store the
              'available' information. This sets the size of that cache.

              Defines which package(s) are considered essential build

       Get    The Get subsection controls the apt-get(8) tool, please see its
              documentation for more information about the options here.

       Cache  The Cache subsection controls the apt-cache(8) tool, please see
              its documentation for more information about the options here.

       CDROM  The CDROM subsection controls the apt-cdrom(8) tool, please see
              its documentation for more information about the options here.

       The Acquire group of options controls the download of packages and the
       URI handlers.

              Queuing mode; Queue-Mode can be one of host or access which
              determines how  APT parallelizes outgoing connections. host
              means that one connection per target host will be opened, access
              means that one connection per URI type will be opened.

              Number of retries to perform. If this is non-zero APT will retry
              failed files the given number of times.

              Use symlinks for source archives. If set to true then source
              archives will be symlinked when possible instead of copying.
              True is the default

       http   HTTP URIs; http::Proxy is the default http proxy to use. It is
              in the standard form of http://[[user][:pass]@]host[:port]/. Per
              host proxies can also be specified by using the form
              http::Proxy::<host> with the special keyword DIRECT meaning to
              use no proxies. The http_proxy environment variable will
              override all settings.

              Three settings are provided for cache control with HTTP/1.1
              compliant proxy caches. No-Cache tells the proxy to not use its
              cached response under any circumstances, Max-Age is sent only
              for index files and tells the cache to refresh its object if it
              is older than the given number of seconds. Debian updates its
              index files daily so the default is 1 day. No-Store specifies
              that the cache should never store this request, it is only set
              for archive files. This may be useful to prevent polluting a
              proxy cache with very large .deb files. Note: Squid 2.0.2 does
              not support any of these options.

              The option timeout sets the timeout timer used by the method,
              this applies to all things including connection timeout and data

              One setting is provided to control the pipeline depth in cases
              where the remote server is not RFC conforming or buggy (such as
              Squid 2.0.2) Acquire::http::Pipeline-Depth can be a value from 0
              to 5 indicating how many outstanding requests APT should send. A
              value of zero MUST be specified if the remote host does not
              properly linger on TCP connections - otherwise data corruption
              will occur. Hosts which require this are in violation of RFC

       ftp    FTP URIs; ftp::Proxy is the default proxy server to use. It is
              in the standard form of ftp://[[user][:pass]@]host[:port]/ and
              is overridden by the ftp_proxy environment variable. To use a
              ftp proxy you will have to set the ftp::ProxyLogin script in the
              configuration file. This entry specifies the commands to send to
              tell the proxy server what to connect to. Please see
              /usr/share/doc/apt/examples/configure-index.gz for an example of
              how to do this. The subsitution variables available are
              $(PROXY_USER), $(PROXY_PASS), $(SITE_USER), $(SITE_PASS),
              $(SITE), and $(SITE_PORT).  Each is taken from it's respective
              URI component.

              The option timeout sets the timeout timer used by the method,
              this applies to all things including connection timeout and data

              Several settings are provided to control passive mode. Generally
              it is safe to leave passive mode on, it works in nearly every
              environment.  However some situations require that passive mode
              be disabled and port mode ftp used instead. This can be done
              globally, for connections that go through a proxy or for a
              specific host (See the sample config file for examples)

              It is possible to proxy FTP over HTTP by setting the ftp_proxy
              environment variable to a http url - see the discussion of the
              http method above for syntax. You cannot set this in the
              configuration file and it is not recommended to use FTP over
              HTTP due to its low efficiency.

              The setting ForceExtended controls the use of RFC2428 EPSV and
              EPRT commands. The defaut is false, which means these commands
              are only used if the control connection is IPv6. Setting this to
              true forces their use even on IPv4 connections. Note that most
              FTP servers do not support RFC2428.

       cdrom  CDROM URIs; the only setting for CDROM URIs is the mount point,
              cdrom::Mount which must be the mount point for the CDROM drive
              as specified in /etc/fstab. It is possible to provide alternate
              mount and unmount commands if your mount point cannot be listed
              in the fstab (such as an SMB mount and old mount packages). The
              syntax is to put

              "/cdrom/"::Mount "foo";
              within the cdrom block. It is important to have the trailing
              slash. Unmount commands can be specified using UMount.

       The Dir::State section has directories that pertain to local state
       information. lists is the directory to place downloaded package lists
       in and status is the name of the dpkg status file.  preferences is the
       name of the APT preferences file.  Dir::State contains the default
       directory to prefix on all sub items if they do not start with / or ./.

       Dir::Cache contains locations pertaining to local cache information,
       such as the two package caches srcpkgcache and pkgcache as well as the
       location to place downloaded archives, Dir::Cache::archives. Generation
       of caches can be turned off by setting their names to be blank. This
       will slow down startup but save disk space. It is probably prefered to
       turn off the pkgcache rather than the srcpkgcache. Like Dir::State the
       default directory is contained in Dir::Cache

       Dir::Etc contains the location of configuration files, sourcelist gives
       the location of the sourcelist and main is the default configuration
       file (setting has no effect, unless it is done from the config file
       specified by APT_CONFIG).

       The Dir::Parts setting reads in all the config fragments in lexical
       order from the directory specified. After this is done then the main
       config file is loaded.

       Binary programs are pointed to by Dir::Bin. Dir::Bin::Methods specifies
       the location of the method handlers and gzip, dpkg, apt-get, dpkg-
       source, dpkg-buildpackage and apt-cache specify the location of the
       respective programs.

       When APT is used as a dselect(8) method several configuration
       directives control the default behaviour. These are in the DSelect

       Clean  Cache Clean mode; this value may be one of always, prompt, auto,
              pre-auto and never.  always and prompt will remove all packages
              from the cache after upgrading, prompt (the default) does so
              conditionally.  auto removes only those packages which are no
              longer downloadable (replaced with a new version for instance).
              pre-auto performs this action before downloading new packages.

              The contents of this variable is passed to apt-get(8) as command
              line options when it is run for the install phase.

              The contents of this variable is passed to apt-get(8) as command
              line options when it is run for the update phase.

              If true the [U]pdate operation in dselect(8) will always prompt
              to continue.  The default is to prompt only on error.

       Several configuration directives control how APT invokes dpkg(8). These
       are in the DPkg section.

              This is a list of options to pass to dpkg. The options must be
              specified using the list notation and each list item is passed
              as a single argument to dpkg(8).


              This is a list of shell commands to run before/after invoking
              dpkg(8).  Like Options this must be specified in list notation.
              The commands are invoked in order using /bin/sh, should any fail
              APT will abort.

              This is a list of shell commands to run before invoking dpkg.
              Like Options this must be specified in list notation. The
              commands are invoked in order using /bin/sh, should any fail APT
              will abort. APT will pass to the commands on standard input the
              filenames of all .deb files it is going to install, one per

              Version 2 of this protocol dumps more information, including the
              protocol version, the APT configuration space and the packages,
              files and versions being changed. Version 2 is enabled by
              setting DPkg::Tools::Options::cmd::Version to 2. cmd is a
              command given to Pre-Install-Pkgs.

              APT chdirs to this directory before invoking dpkg, the default
              is /.

              These options are passed to dpkg-buildpackage(1) when compiling
              packages, the default is to disable signing and produce all

       Most of the options in the debug section are not interesting to the
       normal user, however Debug::pkgProblemResolver shows interesting output
       about the decisions dist-upgrade makes.  Debug::NoLocking disables file
       locking so APT can do some operations as non-root and Debug::pkgDPkgPM
       will print out the command line for each dpkg invokation.
       Debug::IdentCdrom will disable the inclusion of statfs data in CDROM

       /usr/share/doc/apt/examples/configure-index.gz contains a sample
       configuration file showing the default values for all possible options.


       apt-cache(8), apt-config(8), apt_preferences(5).

       See the APT bug page <URL:http://bugs.debian.org/src:apt>.  If you wish
       to report a bug in APT, please see /usr/share/doc/debian/bug-
       reporting.txt or the reportbug(1) command.

       APT was written by the APT team <apt@packages.debian.org>.

                                16 October 2007                    APT.CONF(5)