BBE(1)                                                                  BBE(1)

       bbe - binary block editor

       bbe [options]...

       bbe is a sed-like editor for binary files. It performs binary
       transformations on the blocks of input stream.

       bbe accepts the following options:

       -b, --block=BLOCK
              Block definition.

       -e, --expression=COMMAND
              Add the COMMAND to the commands to be executed.

       -f, --file=script-file
              Add the contest of script-file to commands.

       -o, --output=name
              Write output to name instead of standard output.

       -s, --suppress
              Suppress normal output, print only block contents.

       -?, --help
              List all available options and their meanings.

       -V, --version
              Show version of program.

       BLOCK can be defined as:

       N:M    Where N'th byte starts a M bytes long block (first byte is 0).

       :M     Block length in input stream is M.

              String start starts M bytes long block.

              String start starts the block and block ends to string stop.

              String start starts the block and block will end at next
              occurence of start. Only the first start is included to the

              Block starts at the beginning of input stream (or at the end of
              previous block) and ends at the next occurrence of stop. String
              stop will be included to the block.

       Special value '$' of M means the end of stream.

       Default value for block is 0:$, meaning the whole input stream.

       Both start and stop strings are included to block. Nonprintable
       characters can be escaped as

       \nnn   decimal

       \xnn   hexadecimal

       \0nnn  octal

       Character '\' can be escaped as '\\'. Escape codes
       '\a','\b','\t','\n','\v','\f','\r' and '\;' can also be used.

       Length (N and M) can be defined as decimal (n), hexadecimal (xn) or
       octal (0n) value.

       bbe has two type of commands: block and byte commands, both are allways
       related to current block. That means that the input stream outside of
       block remains untouched.

   Block commands
       D [n]  Delete the n'th block. Without n, all found blocks are deleted
              from the output stream.

       I string
              Insert the string string before the block.

       A string
              Append the string string at the end of block.

       J n    Skip n blocks before executing commands after this command.

       L n    Leave all blocks unmodified starting from block number n.
              Affects only commands after this command.

       N      Before printing a block, the file name in which the block starts
              is printed.

       F f    Before printing a block, the input stream offset at the begining
              of the block is printed.  f can be H, D or O for Hexadecimal,
              Decimal or Octal format of offset.

       B f    Before printing a block, the block number is printed (first
              block == 1) f can be H, D or O for Hexadecimal, Decimal or Octal
              format of block number.

       > file Before printing a block, the contents of file file is printed.

       < file After printing a block, the contents of file file is printed.

   Byte commands
       n in byte commands is offset from the beginning of current block
       (starts from zero).

       r n string
              Replace bytes starting at position n with string string.

       i n string
              Insert string starting at position n.

       p format
              The contents of block is printed in format defined by format.
              format can have any of the formats H, D, O, A and B for
              Hexadecimal, Decimal, Octal, Asciii and Binary.

              Replace all occurrences of search with replace.

              Translate bytes in source to the corresponding bytes in dest.
              Source and dest must have equal length.

       d n m|*
              Delete m bytes starting from the offset n. If * is defined
              instead of m, then all bytes starting from n are deleted.

       c from to
              Convert bytes from format from to to. Currently supported
              formats are:

              BCD Binary coded decimal

              ASC Ascii

       j n    Commands after the j-command are ignored for first n bytes of
              the block.

       l n    Commands after the l-command are ignored from n'th byte of the

       w file Write bytes from the current block to file file. Commands before
              w-command have effect to what will be written. %B or %nB in
              file will be replaced by current block number. n in %nB is field
              length, leading zero in n causes the block number to be left
              padded with zeroes.

       & c    Performs binary and with c.

       | c    Performs binary or with c.

       ^ c    Performs binary xor with c.

       ~      Performs binary negation.

       u n c  All bytes from start of the block to offset n are replaced by c.

       f n c  All bytes starting from offset n to end of the block are
              replaced by c.

       x      Exchange the contents of nibbles (half an octet) of bytes.

       Nonvisible characters in strings can be escaped same way as in block
       definition strings. Character '/' in s and y commands can be any
       visible character.

       Note that the D, A, I, F, B, c, s, i, y, p, <, > and d commands cause
       the length of input and output streams to be different.

       bbe -e "s/c:\\temp\\data1.txt/c:\\temp\\data2.txt/" file1
              all occurences of "c:\temp\data1.txt" in file file1 are changed
              to "c:\temp\data2.txt"

       bbe -b 0420:16 -e "r 4 \x12\x4a" file1
              Two bytes starting at fifth byte of a 16 byte long block
              starting at offset 0420 (octal) in file1 are changed to
              hexadecimal values 12 and 4a.

       bbe -b :16 -e "A \x0a" file1
              Newline is added after every block, block length is 16.


       Timo Savinen <>

                                  2006-11-02                            BBE(1)