BIBINDEX(1)                 General Commands Manual                BIBINDEX(1)

       bibindex - create a bibliography index file for biblook(1)

       bibindex basename [[-i] keyword ...]

       bibindex creates a compact binary index file from a BibTeX bibliography
       file to permit fast lookup by biblook(1).  The basename argument can
       optionally omit the .bib extension.  The output index file will be
       named with the same basename, and extension .bix .

       For indexing purposes, a word is any contiguous set of letters and
       numbers, after the following steps:

              0.  Single characters and a few very common words ("an", "and",
                  "for", "in", "of", "on", "the", "to", and "with") are never

              1.  Letters are folded to lower case.  Thus, "Voronoi" is
                  indexed as "voronoi".

              2.  All TeX commands, except those in math expressions, are
                  removed, but their arguments are left behind.  Thus, "Erd{\H
                  o}ss" is indexed as "erdos".

              3.  All other non-alphanumeric characters are removed.  Non-word
                  characters inside {{possibly} nested} braces or dollar signs
                  do not delimit words, so they may cause unexpected results.
                  Within braces, spaces and tabs delimit components of
                  compound words, which are indexed both as a unit and as
                  individual components.  Thus, "{this example}" is indexed as
                  "this example thisexample".

              4.  TeX commands in math expressions are considered normal text.
                  However, each contiguous string of letters and numbers is
                  considered a component of a compound word.  Thus,
                  "$O(n\log^2 n)$" is indexed as "log onlog2n" instead of

              5.  Apostrophes and brackets are ignored.  Thus,
                  "{\'O}'D{\'u}nlaing" is indexed as "odunlaing", and "J[ohn]"
                  is indexed as "john".

              6.  Single hyphens separate components of compound words.  Thus,
                  "semi-on-line" is indexed as "semi line semionline".
                  (Recall that "on" is ignored.)

       bibindex examines the contents of all value strings, and expects them
       to be well-formed TeX input.  In particular, braces, quotation marks,
       and dollar signs should be balanced.

       Errors detected result in a message giving the line number of the
       BibTeX entry in which the error was detected, and the line number at
       the point of the error.  Unbalanced braces or dollar signs can result
       in large differences between these line numbers; in such a case, the
       error is somewhere in the entry indicated by the first line number.

       -i keyword ...
           Add keyword to the list of BibTeX keywords that are to be ignored,
           along with their string values, in preparing the index.  By
           default, all keyword = "value" pairs are indexed.  Any number of
           keywords may be specified after the -i flag.

              Default list of options, used if and only if no options are
              given on the command line.  The proper syntax to ensure that all
              fields are indexed, even though BIBINDEXOPTS is set, is
              "bibindex basename -i".

       bibclean(1), biblook(1), bibtex(1), latex(1), tex(1)

       Jeff Erickson
       Computer Science Division
       University of California
       Berkeley, CA 94720
       Email: <>

       This program is in the public domain.  You may use it or modify it to
       your heart's content, at your own risk.

Version 2.6                    02 September 1993                   BIBINDEX(1)