cpanm






cpanm − get, unpack build and install modules from CPAN


  cpanm Test::More                                 # install Test::More
  cpanm MIYAGAWA/Plack−0.99_05.tar.gz              # full distribution path
  cpanm http://example.org/LDS/CGI.pm−3.20.tar.gz  # install from URL
  cpanm ~/dists/MyCompany−Enterprise−1.00.tar.gz   # install from a local file
  cpanm −−interactive Task::Kensho                 # Configure interactively
  cpanm .                                          # install from local directory
  cpanm −−installdeps .                            # install all the deps for the current directory
  cpanm −L extlib Plack                            # install Plack and all non−core deps into extlib
  cpanm −−mirror http://cpan.cpantesters.org/ DBI  # use the fast−syncing mirror
  cpanm −−from https://cpan.metacpan.org/ Plack    # use only the HTTPS mirror



(arguments)
    Command line arguments can be either a module name,
    distribution file, local file path, HTTP URL or git
    repository URL. Following commands will all work as you
    expect.

        cpanm Plack
        cpanm Plack/Request.pm
        cpanm MIYAGAWA/Plack−1.0000.tar.gz
        cpanm /path/to/Plack−1.0000.tar.gz
        cpanm http://cpan.metacpan.org/authors/id/M/MI/MIYAGAWA/Plack−0.9990.tar.gz
        cpanm git://github.com/plack/Plack.git

    Additionally, you can use the notation using "~" and "@"
    to specify version for a given module. "~" specifies the
    version requirement in the CPAN::Meta::Spec format,
    while "@" pins the exact version, and is a shortcut for
    "~"== VERSION"".

        cpanm Plack~1.0000                 # 1.0000 or later
        cpanm Plack~">= 1.0000, < 2.0000"  # latest of 1.xxxx
        cpanm Plack@0.9990                 # specific version. same as Plack~"== 0.9990"

    The version query including specific version or range
    will be sent to MetaCPAN to search for previous
    releases. The query will search for BackPAN archives by
    default, unless you specify "−−dev" option, in which
    case, archived versions will be filtered out.

    For a git repository, you can specify a branch, tag, or
    commit SHA to build. The default is "master"

        cpanm git://github.com/plack/Plack.git@1.0000        # tag
        cpanm git://github.com/plack/Plack.git@devel         # branch

−i, −−install
    Installs the modules. This is a default behavior and
    this is just a compatibility option to make it work like









                             ‐2‐


    cpan or cpanp.

−−self−upgrade
    Upgrades itself. It’s just an alias for:

      cpanm App::cpanminus

−−info
    Displays the distribution information in
    "AUTHOR/Dist−Name−ver.tar.gz" format in the standard
    out.

−−installdeps
    Installs the dependencies of the target distribution but
    won’t build itself. Handy if you want to try the
    application from a version controlled repository such as
    git.

      cpanm −−installdeps .

−−look
    Download and unpack the distribution and then open the
    directory with your shell. Handy to poke around the
    source code or do manual testing.

−h, −−help
    Displays the help message.

−V, −−version
    Displays the version number.

You can specify the default options in "PERL_CPANM_OPT"
environment variable.

−f, −−force
    Force install modules even when testing failed.

−n, −−notest
    Skip the testing of modules. Use this only when you just
    want to save time for installing hundreds of
    distributions to the same perl and architecture you’ve
    already tested to make sure it builds fine.

    Defaults to false, and you can say "−−no−notest" to
    override when it is set in the default options in
    "PERL_CPANM_OPT".

−−test−only
    Run the tests only, and do not install the specified
    module or distributions. Handy if you want to verify the
    new (or even old) releases pass its unit tests without
    installing the module.

    Note that if you specify this option with a module or









                             ‐3‐


    distribution that has dependencies, these dependencies
    will be installed if you don’t currently have them.

−S, −−sudo
    Switch to the root user with "sudo" when installing
    modules. Use this if you want to install modules to the
    system perl include path.

    Defaults to false, and you can say "−−no−sudo" to
    override when it is set in the default options in
    "PERL_CPANM_OPT".

−v, −−verbose
    Makes the output verbose. It also enables the
    interactive configuration. (See −−interactive)

−q, −−quiet
    Makes the output even more quiet than the default. It
    only shows the successful/failed dependencies to the
    output.

−l, −−local−lib
    Sets the local::lib compatible path to install modules
    to. You don’t need to set this if you already configure
    the shell environment variables using local::lib, but
    this can be used to override that as well.

−L, −−local−lib−contained
    Same with "−−local−lib" but with −−self−contained set.
    All non‐core dependencies will be installed even if
    they’re already installed.

    For instance,

      cpanm −L extlib Plack

    would install Plack and all of its non‐core dependencies
    into the directory "extlib", which can be loaded from
    your application with:

      use local::lib '/path/to/extlib';

    Note that this option does NOT reliably work with perl
    installations supplied by operating system vendors that
    strips standard modules from perl, such as RHEL, Fedora
    and CentOS, UNLESS you also install packages supplying
    all the modules that have been stripped.  For these
    systems you will probably want to install the
    "perl−core" meta‐package which does just that.

−−self−contained
    When examining the dependencies, assume no non‐core
    modules are installed on the system. Handy if you want
    to bundle application dependencies in one directory so









                             ‐4‐


    you can distribute to other machines.

−−exclude−vendor
    Don’t include modules installed under the ’vendor’ paths
    when searching for core modules when the
    "−−self−contained" flag is in effect.  This restores the
    behaviour from before version 1.7023

−−mirror
    Specifies the base URL for the CPAN mirror to use, such
    as "http://cpan.cpantesters.org/" (you can omit the
    trailing slash). You can specify multiple mirror URLs by
    repeating the command line option.

    You can use a local directory that has a CPAN mirror
    structure (created by tools such as OrePAN or Pinto) by
    using a special URL scheme "file://". If the given URL
    begins with ‘/‘ (without any scheme), it is considered
    as a file scheme as well.

      cpanm −−mirror file:///path/to/mirror
      cpanm −−mirror ~/minicpan      # Because shell expands ~ to /home/user

    Defaults to "http://www.cpan.org/".

−−mirror−only
    Download the mirror’s 02packages.details.txt.gz index
    file instead of querying the CPAN Meta DB. This will
    also effectively opt out sending your local perl
    versions to backend database servers such as CPAN Meta
    DB and MetaCPAN.

    Select this option if you are using a local mirror of
    CPAN, such as minicpan when you’re offline, or your own
    CPAN index (a.k.a darkpan).

−−from, −M
      cpanm −M https://cpan.metacpan.org/
      cpanm −−from https://cpan.metacpan.org/

    Use the given mirror URL and its index as the only
    source to search and download modules from.

    It works similar to "−−mirror" and "−−mirror−only"
    combined, with a small difference: unlike "−−mirror"
    which appends the URL to the list of mirrors, "−−from"
    (or "−M" for short) uses the specified URL as its only
    source to download index and modules from. This makes
    the option always override the default mirror, which
    might have been set via global options such as the one
    set by "PERL_CPANM_OPT" environment variable.

    Tip: It might be useful if you name these options with
    your shell aliases, like:









                             ‐5‐


      alias minicpanm='cpanm −−from ~/minicpan'
      alias darkpan='cpanm −−from http://mycompany.example.com/DPAN'

−−mirror−index
    EXPERIMENTAL: Specifies the file path to
    "02packages.details.txt" for module search index.

−−cpanmetadb
    EXPERIMENTAL: Specifies an alternate URI for CPAN MetaDB
    index lookups.

−−metacpan
    Prefers MetaCPAN API over CPAN MetaDB.

−−cpanfile
    EXPERIMENTAL: Specified an alternate path for cpanfile
    to search for, when "−−installdeps" command is in use.
    Defaults to "cpanfile".

−−prompt
    Prompts when a test fails so that you can skip, force
    install, retry or look in the shell to see what’s going
    wrong. It also prompts when one of the dependency failed
    if you want to proceed the installation.

    Defaults to false, and you can say "−−no−prompt" to
    override if it’s set in the default options in
    "PERL_CPANM_OPT".

−−dev
    EXPERIMENTAL: search for a newer developer release as
    well. Defaults to false.

−−reinstall
    cpanm, when given a module name in the command line
    (i.e. "cpanm Plack"), checks the locally installed
    version first and skips if it is already installed. This
    option makes it skip the check, so:

      cpanm −−reinstall Plack

    would reinstall Plack even if your locally installed
    version is latest, or even newer (which would happen if
    you install a developer release from version control
    repositories).

    Defaults to false.

−−interactive
    Makes the configuration (such as "Makefile.PL" and
    "Build.PL") interactive, so you can answer questions in
    the distribution that requires custom configuration or
    Task:: distributions.










                             ‐6‐


    Defaults to false, and you can say "−−no−interactive" to
    override when it’s set in the default options in
    "PERL_CPANM_OPT".

−−pp, −−pureperl
    Prefer Pure perl build of modules by setting
    "PUREPERL_ONLY=1" for MakeMaker and "−−pureperl−only"
    for Build.PL based distributions. Note that not all of
    the CPAN modules support this convention yet.

−−with−recommends, −−with−suggests
    EXPERIMENTAL: Installs dependencies declared as
    "recommends" and "suggests" respectively, per META spec.
    When these dependencies fail to install, cpanm continues
    the installation, since they’re just
    recommendation/suggestion.

    Enabling this could potentially make a circular
    dependency for a few modules on CPAN, when "recommends"
    adds a module that "recommends" back the module in
    return.

    There’s also "−−without−recommend" and
    "−−without−suggests" to override the default decision
    made earlier in "PERL_CPANM_OPT".

    Defaults to false for both.

−−with−develop
    EXPERIMENTAL: Installs develop phase dependencies in
    META files or "cpanfile" when used with "−−installdeps".
    Defaults to false.

−−with−configure
    EXPERIMENTAL: Installs configure phase dependencies in
    "cpanfile" when used with "−−installdeps". Defaults to
    false.

−−with−feature, −−without−feature, −−with−all−features
    EXPERIMENTAL: Specifies the feature to enable, if a
    module supports optional features per META spec 2.0.

        cpanm −−with−feature=opt_csv Spreadsheet::Read

    the features can also be interactively chosen when
    "−−interactive" option is enabled.

    "−−with−all−features" enables all the optional features,
    and "−−without−feature" can select a feature to disable.

−−configure−timeout, −−build−timeout, −−test−timeout
    Specify the timeout length (in seconds) to wait for the
    configure, build and test process. Current default
    values are: 60 for configure, 3600 for build and 1800









                             ‐7‐


    for test.

−−configure−args, −−build−args, −−test−args, −−install−args
    EXPERIMENTAL: Pass arguments for
    configure/build/test/install commands respectively, for
    a given module to install.

        cpanm DBD::mysql −−configure−args="−−cflags=... −−libs=..."

    The argument is only enabled for the module passed as a
    command line argument, not dependencies.

−−scandeps
    DEPRECATED: Scans the depencencies of given modules and
    output the tree in a text format. (See "−−format" below
    for more options)

    Because this command doesn’t actually install any
    distributions, it will be useful that by typing:

      cpanm −−scandeps Catalyst::Runtime

    you can make sure what modules will be installed.

    This command takes into account which modules you
    already have installed in your system. If you want to
    see what modules will be installed against a vanilla
    perl installation, you might want to combine it with
    "−L" option.

−−format
    DEPRECATED: Determines what format to display the
    scanned dependency tree. Available options are "tree",
    "json", "yaml" and "dists".

    tree    Displays the tree in a plain text format. This
            is the default value.

    json, yaml
            Outputs the tree in a JSON or YAML format. JSON
            and YAML modules need to be installed
            respectively. The output tree is represented as
            a recursive tuple of:

              [ distribution, dependencies ]

            and the container is an array containing the
            root elements. Note that there may be multiple
            root nodes, since you can give multiple modules
            to the "−−scandeps" command.

    dists   "dists" is a special output format, where it
            prints the distribution filename in the depth
            first order after the dependency resolution,









                             ‐8‐


            like:

              GAAS/MIME−Base64−3.13.tar.gz
              GAAS/URI−1.58.tar.gz
              PETDANCE/HTML−Tagset−3.20.tar.gz
              GAAS/HTML−Parser−3.68.tar.gz
              GAAS/libwww−perl−5.837.tar.gz

            which means you can install these distributions
            in this order without extra dependencies. When
            combined with "−L" option, it will be useful to
            replay installations on other machines.

−−save−dists
    Specifies the optional directory path to copy downloaded
    tarballs in the CPAN mirror compatible directory
    structure i.e.
    authors/id/A/AU/AUTHORS/Foo−Bar−version.tar.gz

    If the distro tarball did not come from CPAN, for
    example from a local file or from GitHub, then it will
    be saved under vendor/Foo−Bar−version.tar.gz.

−−uninst−shadows
    Uninstalls the shadow files of the distribution that
    you’re installing. This eliminates the confusion if
    you’re trying to install core (dual‐life) modules from
    CPAN against perl 5.10 or older, or modules that used to
    be XS‐based but switched to pure perl at some version.

    If you run cpanm as root and use "INSTALL_BASE" or
    equivalent to specify custom installation path, you
    SHOULD disable this option so you won’t accidentally
    uninstall dual‐life modules from the core include path.

    Defaults to true if your perl version is smaller than
    5.12, and you can disable that with
    "−−no−uninst−shadows".

    NOTE: Since version 1.3000 this flag is turned off by
    default for perl newer than 5.12, since with 5.12 @INC
    contains site_perl directory before the perl core
    library path, and uninstalling shadows is not necessary
    anymore and does more harm by deleting files from the
    core library path.

−−uninstall, −U
    Uninstalls a module from the library path. It finds a
    packlist for given modules, and removes all the files
    included in the same distribution.

    If you enable local::lib, it only removes files from the
    local::lib directory.










                             ‐9‐


    If you try to uninstall a module in "perl" directory
    (i.e. core module), an error will be thrown.

    A dialog will be prompted to confirm the files to be
    deleted. If you pass "−f" option as well, the dialog
    will be skipped and uninstallation will be forced.

−−cascade−search
    EXPERIMENTAL: Specifies whether to cascade search when
    you specify multiple mirrors and a mirror doesn’t have a
    module or has a lower version of the module than
    requested. Defaults to false.

−−skip−installed
    Specifies whether a module given in the command line is
    skipped if its latest version is already installed.
    Defaults to true.

    NOTE: The "PERL5LIB" environment variable have to be
    correctly set for this to work with modules installed
    using local::lib, unless you always use the "−l" option.

−−skip−satisfied
    EXPERIMENTAL: Specifies whether a module (and version)
    given in the command line is skipped if it’s already
    installed.

    If you run:

      cpanm −−skip−satisfied CGI DBI~1.2

    cpanm won’t install them if you already have CGI (for
    whatever versions) or have DBI with version higher than
    1.2. It is similar to "−−skip−installed" but while
    "−−skip−installed" checks if the latest version of CPAN
    is installed, "−−skip−satisfied" checks if a requested
    version (or not, which means any version) is installed.

    Defaults to false.

−−verify
    Verify the integrity of distribution files retrieved
    from PAUSE using CHECKSUMS and SIGNATURES (if found).
    Defaults to false.

−−report−perl−version
    Whether it reports the locally installed perl version to
    the various web server as part of User‐Agent. Defaults
    to true unless CI related environment variables such as
    "TRAVIS", "CI" or "AUTOMATED_TESTING" is enabled. You
    can disable it by using "−−no−report−perl−version".

−−auto−cleanup
    Specifies the number of days in which cpanm’s work









                            ‐10‐


    directories expire. Defaults to 7, which means old work
    directories will be cleaned up in one week.

    You can set the value to 0 to make cpan never cleanup
    those directories.

−−man−pages
    Generates man pages for executables (man1) and libraries
    (man3).

    Defaults to true (man pages generated) unless
    "−L|−−local−lib−contained" option is supplied in which
    case it’s set to false. You can disable it with
    "−−no−man−pages".

−−lwp
    Uses LWP module to download stuff over HTTP. Defaults to
    true, and you can say "−−no−lwp" to disable using LWP,
    when you want to upgrade LWP from CPAN on some broken
    perl systems.

−−wget
    Uses GNU Wget (if available) to download stuff. Defaults
    to true, and you can say "−−no−wget" to disable using
    Wget (versions of Wget older than 1.9 don’t support the
    "−−retry−connrefused" option used by cpanm).

−−curl
    Uses cURL (if available) to download stuff. Defaults to
    true, and you can say "−−no−curl" to disable using cURL.

    Normally with "−−lwp", "−−wget" and "−−curl" options set
    to true (which is the default) cpanm tries LWP, Wget,
    cURL and HTTP::Tiny (in that order) and uses the first
    one available.



PERL_CPANM_HOME
    The directory cpanm should use to store downloads and
    build and test modules. Defaults to the ".cpanm"
    directory in your user’s home directory.

PERL_CPANM_OPT
    If set, adds a set of default options to every cpanm
    command. These options come first, and so are overridden
    by command‐line options.

App::cpanminus

Copyright 2010− Tatsuhiko Miyagawa.












                            ‐11‐


Tatsuhiko Miyagawa