CPUSET(2)                   BSD System Calls Manual                  CPUSET(2)

     cpuset, cpuset_getid, cpuset_setid — manage CPU affinity sets

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <sys/param.h>
     #include <sys/cpuset.h>

     cpuset(cpusetid_t *setid);

     cpuset_setid(cpuwhich_t which, id_t id, cpusetid_t setid);

     cpuset_getid(cpulevel_t level, cpuwhich_t which, id_t id,
         cpusetid_t *setid);

     The cpuset family of system calls allow applications to control sets of
     processors and memory domains and assign processes and threads to these
     sets.  Processor sets contain lists of CPUs and domains that members may
     run on and exist only as long as some process is a member of the set.
     All processes in the system have an assigned set.  The default set for
     all processes in the system is the set numbered 1.  Threads belong to the
     same set as the process which contains them, however, they may further
     restrict their set with the anonymous per-thread mask to bind to a
     specific CPU or subset of CPUs and memory domains.

     Sets are referenced by a number of type cpuset_id_t.  Each thread has a
     root set, an assigned set, and an anonymous mask.  Only the root and
     assigned sets are numbered.  The root set is the set of all CPUs and
     memory domains available in the system or in the system partition the
     thread is running in.  The assigned set is a subset of the root set and
     is administratively assignable on a per-process basis.  Many processes
     and threads may be members of a numbered set.

     The anonymous set is a further thread-specific refinement on the assigned
     set.  It is intended that administrators will manipulate numbered sets
     using cpuset(1) while application developers will manipulate anonymous
     sets using cpuset_setaffinity(2) and cpuset_setdomain(2).

     To select the correct set a value of type cpulevel_t is used.  The
     following values for level are supported:

           CPU_LEVEL_ROOT      Root set
           CPU_LEVEL_CPUSET    Assigned set
           CPU_LEVEL_WHICH     Set specified by which argument

     The which argument determines how the value of id is interpreted and is
     of type cpuwhich_t.  The which argument may have the following values:

           CPU_WHICH_TID       id is lwpid_t (thread id)
           CPU_WHICH_PID       id is pid_t (process id)
           CPU_WHICH_JAIL      id is jid (jail id)
           CPU_WHICH_CPUSET    id is a cpusetid_t (cpuset id)
           CPU_WHICH_IRQ       id is an irq number
           CPU_WHICH_INTRHANDLERid is an irq number for an interrupt handler
           CPU_WHICH_ITHREAD   id is an irq number for an ithread
           CPU_WHICH_DOMAIN    id is a NUMA domain

     An id of '-1' may be used with a which of CPU_WHICH_TID, CPU_WHICH_PID,
     or CPU_WHICH_CPUSET to mean the current thread, process, or current
     thread's cpuset.  All cpuset syscalls allow this usage.

     A level argument of CPU_LEVEL_WHICH combined with a which argument other
     than CPU_WHICH_CPUSET refers to the anonymous mask of the object.  This
     mask does not have an id and may only be manipulated with

     cpuset() creates a new set containing the same CPUs as the root set of
     the current process and stores its id in the space provided by setid.  On
     successful completion the calling process joins the set and is the only
     member.  Children inherit this set after a call to fork(2).

     cpuset_setid() attempts to set the id of the object specified by the
     which argument.  Currently CPU_WHICH_PID is the only acceptable value for
     which as threads do not have an id distinct from their process and the
     API does not permit changing the id of an existing set.  Upon successful
     completion all of the threads in the target process will be running on
     CPUs permitted by the set.

     cpuset_getid() retrieves a set id from the object indicated by which and
     stores it in the space pointed to by setid.  The retrieved id may be that
     of either the root or assigned set depending on the value of level.
     level should be CPU_LEVEL_CPUSET or CPU_LEVEL_ROOT to get the set id from
     the process or thread specified by the id argument.  Specifying
     CPU_LEVEL_WHICH with a process or thread is unsupported since this
     references the unnumbered anonymous mask.

     The actual contents of the sets may be retrieved or manipulated using
     cpuset_getaffinity(2), cpuset_setaffinity(2), cpuset_getdomain(2), and
     cpuset_setdomain(2).  See those manual pages for more detail.

     Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the
     value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the

     The following error codes may be set in errno:

     [EINVAL]           The which or level argument was not a valid value.

     [EDEADLK]          The cpuset_setid() call would leave a thread without a
                        valid CPU to run on because the set does not overlap
                        with the thread's anonymous mask.

     [EFAULT]           The setid pointer passed to cpuset_getid() or cpuset()
                        was invalid.

     [ESRCH]            The object specified by the id and which arguments
                        could not be found.

     [EPERM]            The calling process did not have the credentials
                        required to complete the operation.

     [ENFILE]           There was no free cpusetid_t for allocation.

     cpuset(1), cpuset_getaffinity(2), cpuset_setaffinity(2),
     cpuset_getdomain(2), cpuset_setdomain(2), pthread_affinity_np(3),
     pthread_attr_affinity_np(3), cpuset(9)

     The cpuset family of system calls first appeared in FreeBSD 7.1.

     Jeffrey Roberson <jeff@FreeBSD.org>

BSD                               May 3, 2017                              BSD