dacs_managed_infocard - create a managed Information Card

       dacs_managed_infocard [dacsoptions[1]]

       This program is part of the DACS suite.

       The dacs_managed_infocard web service is used to create and register a
       managed InfoCard so that it can be used for authentication or other
       purposes. InfoCard-based authentication is performed by
       local_infocard_authenticate[2], a DACS authentication module.

       A managed InfoCard must be registered by dacs_managed_infocard before
       it can be used by DACS. After registration, use dacs_infocard(8)[3] or
       dacsinfocard(1)[4] to administer self-issued or managed InfoCards.

       There are several operational modes, determined by the MODE argument.
       In a self-serve mode, an authenticated user requests a managed InfoCard
       (with various limitations imposed); the new InfoCard is either sent
       directly to the user's browser or written to a file that the user can
       access in a separate operation. In an administrative mode, a DACS
       administrator requests a managed InfoCard on behalf of a user and is
       responsible for directing it to the user in a separate, secure

       There are many configuration directives[5] associated with managed
       InfoCards. One of the most important is INFOCARD_STS_AUTH_TYPE[6],
       which determines the authentication method ("credential type") used
       between an Identity Selector, such as CardSpace, and the managed
       InfoCard's Identity Provider/Secure Token Service (IP/STS), such as
       dacs_sts(8)[7]. The following authentication methods are prescribed by
       the InfoCard specification:

           This is a username/password type of authentication. See
           INFOCARD_STS_PASSWORD_METHOD[8]. At present, only a global (but
           changeable) password is allowed, or no password at all. A future
           release might allow a per-InfoCard account password, or tie an
           InfoCard account to some other password-based account.

           In this authentication type, an SSL client certificate must be used
           with the request to dacs_managed_infocard for a managed InfoCard,
           and the same certificate must be used when the managed InfoCard is
           submitted to a Relying Party. A self-signed certificate may be

           In this authentication type, a self-issued InfoCard must be
           submitted with the request to dacs_managed_infocard(8)[9] for a
           managed InfoCard (more precisely, a secure token obtained from a
           self-issued InfoCard that is passed as the argument xmlToken) and
           the same self-issued InfoCard must be available to the user's
           Identity Selector when the managed InfoCard is submitted to a
           Relying Party.

           This is the Kerberos V5 credential type. This authentication
           credential type is currently unsupported.

           An Identity Selector will display all claim values returned to it
           by an Identity Provider. An Identity Provider must therefore employ
           cryptographic methods to obtain privacy or check authenticity with
           respect to claim values.

       Accounts are accessed through DACS's virtual filestore using item type
       infocards. It is assumed that file permissions on the account database
       are such that all access is limited to the administrator,
       local_infocard_authenticate, dacs_infocard(8)[3], and dacs_sts(8)[7].

       The following configuration variables are available:

           If INFOCARD_STS_AUTH_TYPE[6] is "card", this is used as the
           filename of the image to include with a new managed card, relative
           to the INFOCARD_CARD_IMAGE_BASE_URL[10] URI. The default value is
           the string "dacs_selfissued_credential.png" (or similar).

           If INFOCARD_STS_AUTH_TYPE[6] is "cert", this is used as the
           filename of the image to include with a new managed card, relative
           to the INFOCARD_CARD_IMAGE_BASE_URL[10] URI. The default value is
           the string "dacs_x509certificate_credential.png" (or similar).

           If INFOCARD_STS_AUTH_TYPE[6] is "passwd", this is used as the
           filename of the image to include with a new managed card, relative
           to the INFOCARD_CARD_IMAGE_BASE_URL[10] URI. The default value is
           the string "dacs_username_password_credential.png" (or similar).

           This string identifies the IP/STS and may be displayed on web pages
           and Identity Selector prompts, or in error messages. The default
           value is the string "DACS Managed InfoCard IP/STS" (or similar).

           This is a printf(3)[11]-type format string. It may contain at most
           one conversion specification, %s, which will interpolate the value
           of infocard_sts_title.

   Web Service Arguments
       In addition to the standard CGI arguments[12], dacs_managed_infocard
       understands the following CGI arguments:

           This argument is required if INFOCARD_STS_AUTH_TYPE[6] is set to
           "card". The self-issued InfoCard is registered with the account
           associated with the new managed InfoCard and the user's Identity
           Selector must possess the self-issued InfoCard in order to use the
           managed InfoCard.

           This optional argument specifies the MIME media subtype (e.g., the
           image format, such as "jpeg") of the image file attached to the new
           InfoCard. By default, the subtype is derived from the extension on
           the end of the last path component of the image's URI. For example,
           if CARD_IMAGE_URL is /card_images/bob.tn.gif, then the extension
           .gif is used to obtain a media subtype of gif and a MIME media type
           of image/gif. It is sometimes necessary to give the image format
           explicitly, however. See INFOCARD_CARD_IMAGE_BASE_URL[10] for
           additional details. Only a DACS administrator may use this

           This optional argument specifies the location (as a DACSVFS
           URI[13]) of the image file to attach to the new InfoCard,
           overriding the default method that uses only
           INFOCARD_CARD_IMAGE_BASE_URL[10]. If a file is specified (i.e., the
           value begins with a '/' or uses the file scheme), the path is
           relative to the INFOCARD_CARD_IMAGE_BASE_URL, which must specify a
           directory. Only a DACS administrator may use this argument.

           By default, or if the value of the FORMAT argument[14] is FILE, the
           new card is sent directly to the user's browser (which should
           automatically invoke the user's Identity Selector); no copy is
           retained on the server. If FORMAT is HTML, the new managed InfoCard
           is stored in a file, replacing any existing card of the same name
           (see INFOCARD_CARD_OUTPUTDIR[15]). Output is emitted in HTML and
           includes a link to the file (see INFOCARD_CARDID_BASE_URL[16]).
           Only the owner of new card should be able to access it.

           Normally, this argument is omitted and the managed InfoCard is
           created on behalf of the identity that is invoking
           dacs_managed_infocard. This argument allows a DACS administrator to
           create a card for a specific identity.

           This optional argument is used to select how claim information[17]
           is stored and retrieved. Four values are recognized:

               In this usage mode, which is the default, claims are defined
               and filled depending on DACS configuration:

               •   if both INFOCARD_CARD_DEFS_URL[18] and
                   INFOCARD_CARD_FILL_URL[19] are configured, the former web
                   service is called (once, by dacs_managed_infocard) to
                   define the claims that will be assigned to the new managed
                   InfoCard and the latter web service is called (by
                   dacs_sts(8)[7], each time the InfoCard is used) to obtain
                   the values of those claims (or the requested and approved
                   subset). The claim definitions may not be modified, but
                   claim values do not need to be static.

               •   if neither of those web services are configured, a minimal
                   set of claims is automatically defined to facilitate

               •   any other configuration is invalid

               An identity is always associated with these InfoCards using a
               claim named dacs_identity in the DACS namespace
               (http://dacs.dss.ca/claims). By default, the identity used is
               that of the requestor. An administrator may instead specify the
               identity using the INFOCARD_IDENTITY argument, which need only
               be a syntactically valid DACS identity.

               In this mode, the caller of dacs_managed_infocard defines the
               claims and their values when the card is created; DACS is
               responsible for storing this information and producing secure
               tokens from it. Unlike the DACS mode, the values of these
               claims cannot be changed; a future release may implement this

               The caller may specify from zero to a compile-time maximum
               number of claims (MIC_MAX_STATIC_CLAIMS, 10). A
               privatepersonalidentifier (PPID) is always created
               automatically, so any user request for that claim is ignored.
               Only a DACS administrator may define the dacs_identity claim in
               the DACS namespace; if present, it must be a syntactically
               valid DACS identity. Therefore, only a DACS administrator may
               use this mode to create an InfoCard that can be used for DACS
               authentication. Similiarly, only a DACS administrator may
               define the dacs_roles claim in the DACS namespace; if present,
               it must be a syntactically valid role descriptor string[20].

               The claims are specified by up to MIC_MAX_STATIC_CLAIMS
               arguments (not counting any PPID claims) of the form
               CLAIM_num_type, where num starts at one and continues with
               consecutive integers and type is:

               •   NAME for the name of the claim, which must consist of
                   between one and MIC_MAX_STATIC_NAME_CLAIM_SIZE (32)
                   characters valid in a URI path segment.

               •   VALUE is the value associated with the claim and consists
                   of between one and MIC_MAX_STATIC_VALUE_CLAIM_SIZE (64)
                   printable characters.

               •   URI is the URI namespace with which NAME is associated; for
                   convenience, "standard" signifies the self-issued InfoCard
                   and "dacs" is short for the DACS namespace
                   (http://dacs.dss.ca/claims); any other non-empty string can
                   be any syntactically valid URI of up to
                   MIC_MAX_STATIC_URI_CLAIM_SIZE (128), and an empty string
                   indicates that the default URI should be used.

                       The DACS namespace is reserved for use by DACS and
                       identifies claim types with semantics that are defined
                       by DACS.

               •   LABEL is a string that an Identity Selector should display
                   with the claim and consists of between one and
                   MIC_MAX_STATIC_LABEL_CLAIM_SIZE (20) printable characters.

               •   DESC is a string that an Identity Selector should display
                   with the claim and consists of between one and
                   MIC_MAX_STATIC_DESC_CLAIM_SIZE (40) printable characters;
                   if missing or the empty string, the value of the
                   corresponding LABEL argument is used.

               The optional argument CLAIM_URI has the same syntax as a
               CLAIM_num_URI argument and establishes a default URI that will
               be used if any CLAIM_num_URI argument is missing or is the
               empty string.

               The optional argument CARD_NAME assigns a name to the InfoCard,
               which will be displayed by an Identity Selector.

               The first missing or null-string-valued CLAIM_num_NAME or
               CLAIM_num_VALUE argument indicates the end of the list. For
               example, if two claims are defined, the following arguments
               might be passed: CLAIM_1_NAME, CLAIM_1_VALUE, CLAIM_1_URI,
               CLAIM_2_URI, CLAIM_2_LABEL, and CLAIM_2_DESC. Any syntactical
               or length violation causes a fatal error.

               This mode is identical to the STATIC mode except that if it is
               used by an identity other than a DACS administrator, a
               dacs_identity claim in the dacs namespace is automatically
               added with the value of the caller's identity. The InfoCard may
               be used for DACS authentication.

               The caller of dacs_managed_infocard provides URLs for two web
               services: one to define claims and another to fill claims. The
               caller is responsible for managing claim definitions and
               values. These web services are expected to behave exactly the
               same as those that are specified by INFOCARD_CARD_DEFS_URL[18]
               and INFOCARD_CARD_FILL_URL[19]. This mode is not implemented.


       The program exits 0 if everything was fine, 1 if an error occurred.

       It is currently not possible to just register a managed InfoCard (you
       must create and register it), so you cannot import a card.

       This functionality should probably be integrated with
       dacs_infocard(8)[3] (and dacsinfocard(1)[4]).

       Once a managed InfoCard is created, most of its characteristics cannot
       be changed. There should be a way to "refresh" a managed InfoCard that
       has expired or otherwise become invalid.

       The various constraints on claim types should probably be run-time
       configurable, or possibly done away with altogether. The specification
       imposes no limits on them.

       There should be a web service and utility to allow creation of a
       self-issued InfoCard (which may then be imported into a user's Identity

       dacsinfocard(1)[4], dacs.conf(5)[22], dacs_authenticate(8)[23],
       dacs_infocard(8)[3], dacs_mex(8)[24], dacs_sts(8)[7], Using InfoCards
       With DACS[25]

       Distributed Systems Software (www.dss.ca[26])

       Copyright2003-2013 Distributed Systems Software. See the LICENSE[27]
       file that accompanies the distribution for licensing information.

        1. dacsoptions

        2. local_infocard_authenticate

        3. dacs_infocard(8)

        4. dacsinfocard(1)

        5. configuration directives


        7. dacs_sts(8)


        9. dacs_managed_infocard(8)


       11. printf(3)

       12. standard CGI arguments

       13. VFS URI

       14. FORMAT argument



       17. claim information



       20. role descriptor string

       21. dacs_managed_infocard.css

       22. dacs.conf(5)

       23. dacs_authenticate(8)

       24. dacs_mex(8)

       25. Using InfoCards With DACS

       26. www.dss.ca

       27. LICENSE

DACS 1.4.28b                      02/04/2014           DACS_MANAGED_INFOCAR(8)