dbus-launch(1)              General Commands Manual             dbus-launch(1)

       dbus-launch - Utility to start a message bus from a shell script

       dbus-launch [--version] [--sh-syntax] [--csh-syntax] [--auto-syntax]
       [--exit-with-session] [--config-file=FILENAME] [PROGRAM] [ARGS...]

       The dbus-launch command is used to start dbus-daemon-1 from a shell
       script. It would normally be called from a user's login scripts. Unlike
       the daemon itself, dbus-launch exits, so backticks or the $() construct
       can be used to read information from dbus-launch.

       With no arguments, dbus-launch will simply print the values of

       You may specify a program to be run; in this case, dbus-launch will
       then set the appropriate environment variables and execute the
       specified program, with the specified arguments.  See below for

       Finally, you may use the --sh-syntax, --csh-syntax, or --auto-syntax
       commands to cause dbus-launch to emit shell code to set up the
       environment.  This is useful in shell scripts.

       With the --auto-syntax option, dbus-launch looks at the value of the
       SHELL environment variable to determine which shell syntax should be
       used.  If SHELL ends in "csh", then csh-compatible code is emitted;
       otherwise Bourne shell code is emitted.  Instead of passing --auto-
       syntax, you may explicity specify a particular one by using --sh-syntax
       for Bourne syntax, or --csh-syntax for csh syntax.  In scripts, it's
       more robust to avoid --auto-syntax and you hopefully know which shell
       your script is written in.

       See http://www.freedesktop.org/software/dbus/ for more information
       about D-BUS. See also the man page for dbus-daemon-1.

       Here is an example of how to use dbus-launch with an sh-compatible
       shell to start the per-session bus daemon:

         ## test for an existing bus daemon, just to be safe
         if test -z "$DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS" ; then
             ## if not found, launch a new one
             eval `dbus-launch --sh-syntax --exit-with-session`
             echo "D-BUS per-session daemon address is: $DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS"

       You might run something like that in your login scripts.

       Another way to use dbus-launch is to run your main session program,
       like so:

       dbus-launch gnome-session

       The above would likely be appropriate for ~/.xsession or ~/.Xclients.

       The following options are supported:

              Choose --csh-syntax or --sh-syntax based on the SHELL
              environment variable.

              Pass --config-file=FILENAME to the bus daemon, instead of
              passing it the --session argument. See the man page for dbus-

              Emit csh compatible code to set up environment variables.

              If this option is provided, a persistent "babysitter" process
              will be created that watches stdin for HUP and tries to connect
              to the X server. If this process gets a HUP on stdin or loses
              its X connection, it kills the message bus daemon.

              Emit Bourne-shell compatible code to set up environment

              Print the version of dbus-launch

       See http://www.freedesktop.org/software/dbus/doc/AUTHORS

       Please send bug reports to the D-BUS mailing list or bug tracker, see