DICT(1)                                                                  DICT(1)

       dict - DICT Protocol Client

       dict word
       dict [options] [word]
       dict [options] dict://host:port/d:word:database
       dict [options] dict://host:port/m:word:database:strategy

       dict is a client for the Dictionary Server Protocol (DICT), a TCP
       transaction based query/response protocol that provides access to
       dictionary definitions from a set of natural language dictionary
       databases.  Exit status is 0 if operation succeeded, or non-zero
       See EXIT STATUS section.

       -h server or --host server
              Specifies the hostname for the DICT server.  Server/port
              combinations can be specified in the configuration file.  If no
              servers are specified in the configuration file or or on the
              command line, dict will fail.  If IP lookup for a server expands
              to a list of IP addresses (as dict.org does currently), then each
              IP will be tried in the order listed.

       -p service or --port service
              Specifies the port (e.g., 2628) or service (e.g., dict) for
              connections.  The default is 2628, as specified in the DICT
              Protocol RFC.  Server/port combinations can be specified in the
              configuration file.

       -d dbname or --database dbname
              Specifies a specific database to search.  The default is to search
              all databases (a "*" from the DICT protocol).  Note that a "!" in
              the DICT protocol means to search all of the databases until a
              match is found, and then stop searching.

       -m or --match
              Instead of printing a definition, perform a match using the
              specified strategy.

       -s strategy or --strategy strategy
              Specify a matching strategy.  By default, the server default match
              strategy is used.  This is usually "exact" for definitions, and
              some form of spelling-correction strategy for matches ("." from
              the DICT protocol).  The available strategies are dependent on the
              server implementation.  For a list of available strategies, see
              the -S or --strats option.

       -C or --nocorrect
              Usually, if a definition is requested and the word cannot be
              found, spelling correction is requested from the server, and a
              list of possible words are provided.  This option disables the
              generation of this list.

       -c file or --config file
              Specify the configuration file.  The default is to try ~/.dictrc
              and /etc/dict/dict.conf, using the first file that exists.  If a
              specific configuration file is specified, then the defaults will
              not be tried.

       -D or --dbs
              Query the server and display a list of available databases.

       -S or --strats
              Query the server and display a list of available search

       -H or --serverhelp
              Query the server and display the help information that it

       -i dbname or --info dbname
              Request information on the specified database (usually the server
              will provide origination, descriptive, or other information about
              the database or its contents).

       -I or --serverinfo
              Query the server and display information about the server.

       -M or --mime
              Send OPTION MIME command to the server.
              NOTE: Server's capabilities are not checked.

       -f or --formatted
              Enables formatted output, i.e. output convenient for
              postprocessing by standard UNIX utilities. No, it is not XML ;-)
              Also error and warning messages like
               " No matches...", " Invalid strategy..." etc. are sent to stderr,
              not to stdout.
               -I, -i, -H and similar:
                  host<TAB>port<TAB>strategy1<TAB>short description1
                  host<TAB>port<TAB>strategy2<TAB>short description2
                  host<TAB>port<TAB>database1<TAB>database description1
                  host<TAB>port<TAB>database2<TAB>database description2

       -a or --noauth
              Disable authentication (i.e., don't send an AUTH command).

       -u user or --user user
              Specifies the username for authentication.

       -k key or --key key
              Specifies the shared secret for authentication.

       -V or --version
              Display version information.

       -L or --license
              Display copyright and license information.

       -4     Forces dict to use IPv4 addresses only.

       -6     Forces dict to use IPv6 addresses only.

       --help Display help information.

       -v or --verbose
              Be verbose.

       -r or --raw
              Be very verbose: show the raw client/server interaction.

              Specify the buffer size for pipelineing commands.  The default is
              256, which should be sufficient for general tasks and be below the
              MTU for most transport media.  Larger values may provide faster or
              slower throughput, depending on MTU.  If the buffer is too small,
              requests will be serialized.  Values less than 0 and greater than
              one million are silently changed to something more reasonable.

       --client text
              Specifies additional text to be sent using the CLIENT command.

       --debug flag
              Set a debugging flag.  Valid flags are:

                     The same as -v or --verbose.

              raw    The same as -r or --raw.

              scan   Debug the scanner for the configuration file.

              parse  Debug the parser for the configuration file.

              pipe   Debug TCP pipelining support (see the DICT RFC and

              serial Disable pipelining support.

              time   Perform transaction timing.

       The configuration file currently has a very simple format.  Lines are
       used to specify servers, for example:
              server dict.org
       or, with options:
              server dict.org { port 8080 }
              server dict.org { user username secret }
              server dict.org { port dict user username secret }
       the port and user options may be specified in any order.  The port option
       is used to specify an optional port (e.g., 2628) or service (e.g., dict)
       for the TCP/IP connection.  The user option is used to specify a username
       and shared secret to be used for authentication to this particular

       Servers are tried in the order listed until a connection is made.

        0  Successful completion

        20 No matches found
        21 Approximate matches found
        22 No databases available
        23 No strategies available

        30 Unexpected response code from server
        31 Server is temporarily unavailable
        32 Server is shutting down
        33 Syntax error, command not recognized
        34 Syntax error, illegal parameters
        35 Command not implemented
        36 Command parameter not implemented
        37 Access denied
        38 Authentication failed
        39 Invalid database
        40 Invalid strategy
        41 Connection to server failed

       dict was written by Rik Faith (faith@cs.unc.edu) and is distributed under
       the terms of the GNU General Public License.  If you need to distribute
       under other terms, write to the author.

       The main libraries used by this programs (zlib, regex, libmaa) are
       distributed under different terms, so you may be able to use the
       libraries for applications which are incompatible with the GPL -- please
       see the copyright notices and license information that come with the
       libraries for more information, and consult with your attorney to resolve
       these issues.

       If a dict: URL is given on the command line, only the first one is used.
       The rest are ignored.

       If a dict: URL contains a specifier for the nth definition or match of a
       word, it will be ignored and all the definitions or matches will be
       provided.  This violates the RFC, and will be corrected in a future

       If a dict: URL contains a shared secret, it will not be parsed correctly.

       When OPTION MIME command is sent to the server (-M option) , server's
       capabilities are not checked.

              User's dict configuration file

              System dict configuration file

       dictd(8), dictzip(1), http://www.dict.org, RFC 2229

                                15 February 1998                         DICT(1)