diction

DICTION(1)                        User commands                       DICTION(1)



NAME
       diction - print wordy and commonly misused phrases in sentences

SYNOPSIS
       diction [-b] [-d] [-f file [-n|-L language]] [file...]
       diction [--beginner] [--ignore-double-words] [--file file [--no-default-
       file|--language language]] [file...]
       diction -h|--help
       diction --version

DESCRIPTION
       Diction finds all sentences in a document that contain phrases from a
       database of frequently misused, bad or wordy diction.  It further checks
       for double words.  If no files are given, the document is read from
       standard input.  Each found phrase is enclosed in [ ] (brackets).
       Suggestions and advice, if any and if asked for, are printed headed by a
       right arrow ->.  A sentence is a sequence of words, that starts with a
       capitalised word and ends with a full stop, double colon, question mark
       or exclaimation mark.  A single letter followed by a dot is considered an
       abbreviation, so it does not terminate a sentence.  Various multi-letter
       abbreviations are recognized, they do not terminate a sentence as well,
       neither do fractional numbers.

       Diction understands cpp(1) #line lines for being able to give precise
       locations when printing sentences.

OPTIONS
       -b, --beginner
              Complain about mistakes typically made by beginners.

       -d, --ignore-double-words
              Ignore double words and do not complain about them.

       -s, --suggest
              Suggest better wording, if any.

       -f file, --file file
              Read the user specified database from the specified file in
              addition to the default database.

       -n, --no-default-file
              Do not read the default database, so only the user-specified
              database is used.

       -L language, --language language
              Set the phrase file language (de, en, nl).

       -h, --help
              Print a short usage message.

       --version
              Print the version.

ERRORS
       On usage errors, 1 is returned.  Termination caused by lack of memory is
       signalled by exit code 2.

EXAMPLE
       The following example first removes all roff constructs and headers from
       a document and feeds the result to diction with a German database:

              deroff -s file.mm | diction -L de | fmt

ENVIRONMENT
       LC_MESSAGES=de|en|nl
              specifies the message language and is also used as default for the
              phrase language.  The default language is en.

FILES
       /usr/share/diction/*     databases for various languages

AUTHOR
       This program is GNU software, copyright 1997–2007 Michael Haardt
       <michael@moria.de>.

       The english phrase file contains contributions by Greg Lindahl
       <lindahl@pbm.com>, Wil Baden, Gary D. Kline, Kimberly Hanks and Beth
       Morris.  The dutch phrase file was contributed by Hans Lodder.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
       Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your
       option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
       WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General
       Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with this program.  If not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

HISTORY
       There has been a diction command on old UNIX systems, which is now part
       of the AT&T DWB package.  The original version was bound to roff by
       enforcing a call to deroff.  This version is a reimplementation and must
       run in a pipe with deroff(1) if you want to process roff documents.
       Similarly, you can run it in a pipe with dehtml(1) or detex(1) to process
       HTML or TeX documents.

SEE ALSO
       deroff(1), fmt(1), style(1)

       Cherry, L.L.; Vesterman, W.: Writing Tools—The STYLE and DICTION
       programs, Computer Science Technical Report 91, Bell Laboratories, Murray
       Hill, N.J. (1981), republished as part of the 4.4BSD User's Supplementary
       Documents by O'Reilly.

       Strunk, William: The elements of style, Ithaca, N.Y.: Priv. print., 1918,
       http://coba.shsu.edu/help/strunk/



GNU                             August 30th, 2007                     DICTION(1)