encrypt

ENCRYPT(3)                 Linux Programmer's Manual                ENCRYPT(3)



NAME
       encrypt, setkey, encrypt_r, setkey_r - encrypt 64-bit messages

SYNOPSIS
       #define _XOPEN_SOURCE       /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <unistd.h>

       void encrypt(char block[64], int edflag);

       #define _XOPEN_SOURCE       /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <stdlib.h>

       void setkey(const char *key);

       #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <crypt.h>

       void setkey_r(const char *key, struct crypt_data *data);
       void encrypt_r(char *block, int edflag, struct crypt_data *data);

       Each of these requires linking with -lcrypt.

DESCRIPTION
       These functions encrypt and decrypt 64-bit messages.  The setkey()
       function sets the key used by encrypt().  The key argument used here is
       an array of 64 bytes, each of which has numerical value 1 or 0.  The
       bytes key[n] where n=8*i-1 are ignored, so that the effective key
       length is 56 bits.

       The encrypt() function modifies the passed buffer, encoding if edflag
       is 0, and decoding if 1 is being passed.  Like the key argument, also
       block is a bit vector representation of the actual value that is
       encoded.  The result is returned in that same vector.

       These two functions are not reentrant, that is, the key data is kept in
       static storage.  The functions setkey_r() and encrypt_r() are the
       reentrant versions.  They use the following structure to hold the key
       data:

           struct crypt_data {
               char     keysched[16 * 8];
               char     sb0[32768];
               char     sb1[32768];
               char     sb2[32768];
               char     sb3[32768];
               char     crypt_3_buf[14];
               char     current_salt[2];
               long int current_saltbits;
               int      direction;
               int      initialized;
           };

       Before calling setkey_r() set data->initialized to zero.

RETURN VALUE
       These functions do not return any value.

ERRORS
       Set errno to zero before calling the above functions.  On success, it
       is unchanged.

       ENOSYS The function is not provided.  (For example because of former
              USA export restrictions.)

VERSIONS
       Because they employ the DES block cipher, which is no longer considered
       secure, crypt(), crypt_r(), setkey(), and setkey_r() were removed in
       glibc 2.28.  Applications should switch to a modern cryptography
       library, such as libgcrypt.

ATTRIBUTES
       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       attributes(7).

       ┌────────────────────────┬───────────────┬──────────────────────┐
       │Interface               Attribute     Value                │
       ├────────────────────────┼───────────────┼──────────────────────┤
       │encrypt(), setkey()     │ Thread safety │ MT-Unsafe race:crypt │
       ├────────────────────────┼───────────────┼──────────────────────┤
       │encrypt_r(), setkey_r() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe              │
       └────────────────────────┴───────────────┴──────────────────────┘
CONFORMING TO
       encrypt(), setkey(): POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SUS, SVr4.

       The functions encrypt_r() and setkey_r() are GNU extensions.

NOTES
   Availability in glibc
       See crypt(3).

   Features in glibc
       In glibc 2.2, these functions use the DES algorithm.

EXAMPLE
       #define _XOPEN_SOURCE
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
       #include <crypt.h>

       int
       main(void)
       {
           char key[64];
           char orig[9] = "eggplant";
           char buf[64];
           char txt[9];
           int i, j;

           for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
               key[i] = rand() & 1;
           }

           for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
               for (j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
                   buf[i * 8 + j] = orig[i] >> j & 1;
               }
               setkey(key);
           }
           printf("Before encrypting: %s\n", orig);

           encrypt(buf, 0);
           for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
               for (j = 0, txt[i] = '\0'; j < 8; j++) {
                   txt[i] |= buf[i * 8 + j] << j;
               }
               txt[8] = '\0';
           }
           printf("After encrypting:  %s\n", txt);

           encrypt(buf, 1);
           for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
               for (j = 0, txt[i] = '\0'; j < 8; j++) {
                   txt[i] |= buf[i * 8 + j] << j;
               }
               txt[8] = '\0';
           }
           printf("After decrypting:  %s\n", txt);
           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       cbc_crypt(3), crypt(3), ecb_crypt(3),

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 5.03 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



                                  2018-04-30                        ENCRYPT(3)