english

ENGLISH(4)                 Kernel Interfaces Manual                 ENGLISH(4)



NAME
       english - flag format for English okspell dictionaries

DESCRIPTION
       English dictionaries for okspell(1) supports 3 prefix and 14 suffix
       flags.  For a detailed description of how okspell handles flags and
       capitalization, see okspell(4).  This manual page only describes flags
       usable in dictionaries built using the english.aff affix file.

       In the following discussion of the flags, let # and @ be "variables"
       that can stand for any letter.  Upper case letters are constants.
       "..." stands for any string of zero or more letters, but note that no
       word may exist in the dictionary which is not at least 2 letters long,
       so, for example, "fly" may not be produced by placing the "Y" flag on
       "f".  Also, no flag is effective unless the word that it creates is at
       least 4 letters long, so, for example, "wed" may not be produced by
       placing the "D" flag on "we".

       In the following list, an asterisk indicates that a flag participates
       in cross-product formation (see okspell(4)).

       The meaning of the prefix flags is as follows:

       *A
              ... --> re...  as in cover --> recover

       *I
              ... --> in...  as in firm --> infirm

       *U
              ... --> un...  as in able --> unable

       The meaning of the suffix flags is as follows:

       V
              ...e --> ...ive  as in create --> creative
              if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ive  as in prevent --> preventive

       *N
              ...e --> ...ion  as in create --> creation
              ...y --> ...ication  as in multiply --> multiplication
              if # .ne. e or y, ...# --> ...#en  as in fall --> fallen

       *X
              ...e --> ...ions  as in create --> creations
              ...y --> ...ications  as in multiply --> multiplications
              if # .ne. e or y, ...# --> ...#ens  as in weak --> weakens

       H
              ...y --> ...ieth  as in twenty --> twentieth
              if # .ne. y, ...# --> ...#th  as in hundred --> hundredth

       *Y
              ... --> ...ly  as in quick --> quickly

       *G
              ...e --> ...ing  as in file --> filing
              if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ing  as in cross --> crossing

       *J
              ...e --> ...ings  as in file --> filings
              if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ings  as in cross --> crossings

       *D
              ...e --> ...ed  as in create --> created
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ied  as in imply -->
                   implied
              if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# -->
                   ...@#ed  as in cross --> crossed or convey --> conveyed

       T
              ...e --> ...est  as in late --> latest
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iest  as in dirty -->
                   dirtiest
              if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# -->
                   ...@#est  as in small --> smallest or gray --> grayest

       *R
              ...e --> ...er  as in skate --> skater
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ier  as in multiply
                   --> multiplier
              if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# -->
                   ...@#er  as in build --> builder or convey --> conveyer

       *Z
              ...e --> ...ers  as in skate --> skaters
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iers  as in multiply
                   --> multipliers
              if # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# -->
                   ...@#ers  as in build --> builders or slay --> slayers

       *S
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ies  as in imply -->
                   implies
              if # .eq. s, x, z, or h, ...# --> ...#es  as in fix --> fixes
              if # .ne. s, x, z, h, or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u)
                   ...@# --> ...@#s  as in bat --> bats or convey --> conveys
              if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iness  as in cloudy
                   --> cloudiness
              if # .ne. y, or @ = a, e, i, o, or u, ...@# --> ...@#ness  as in
                   late --> lateness or gray --> grayness

       *M
              ... --> ...'s  as in dog --> dog's

       To summarize more briefly:

       Prefixes:
              *A - re
              *I - in
              *U - un

       Suffixes:
              V - ive
              *N - ion, tion, en
              *X - ions, ications, ens
              H - th, ieth
              *Y - ly
              *G - ing
              *J - ings
              *D - ed
              T - est
              *R - er
              *Z - ers
              *S - s, es, ies
              *P - ness, iness
              *M - 's

SEE ALSO
       okspell(1), okspell(4)



                                                                    ENGLISH(4)