fseek

FSEEK(3POSIX)               POSIX Programmer's Manual              FSEEK(3POSIX)



PROLOG
       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
       Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
       not be implemented on Linux.


NAME
       fseek, fseeko — reposition a file-position indicator in a stream

SYNOPSIS
       #include <stdio.h>

       int fseek(FILE *stream, long offset, int whence);
       int fseeko(FILE *stream, off_t offset, int whence);

DESCRIPTION
       The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the
       ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and
       the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008 defers
       to the ISO C standard.

       The fseek() function shall set the file-position indicator for the stream
       pointed to by stream.  If a read or write error occurs, the error
       indicator for the stream shall be set and fseek() fails.

       The new position, measured in bytes from the beginning of the file, shall
       be obtained by adding offset to the position specified by whence.  The
       specified point is the beginning of the file for SEEK_SET, the current
       value of the file-position indicator for SEEK_CUR, or end-of-file for
       SEEK_END.

       If the stream is to be used with wide-character input/output functions,
       the application shall ensure that offset is either 0 or a value returned
       by an earlier call to ftell() on the same stream and whence is SEEK_SET.

       A successful call to fseek() shall clear the end-of-file indicator for
       the stream and undo any effects of ungetc() and ungetwc() on the same
       stream. After an fseek() call, the next operation on an update stream may
       be either input or output.

       If the most recent operation, other than ftell(), on a given stream is
       fflush(), the file offset in the underlying open file description shall
       be adjusted to reflect the location specified by fseek().

       The fseek() function shall allow the file-position indicator to be set
       beyond the end of existing data in the file. If data is later written at
       this point, subsequent reads of data in the gap shall return bytes with
       the value 0 until data is actually written into the gap.

       The behavior of fseek() on devices which are incapable of seeking is
       implementation-defined.  The value of the file offset associated with
       such a device is undefined.

       If the stream is writable and buffered data had not been written to the
       underlying file, fseek() shall cause the unwritten data to be written to
       the file and shall mark the last data modification and last file status
       change timestamps of the file for update.

       In a locale with state-dependent encoding, whether fseek() restores the
       stream's shift state is implementation-defined.

       The fseeko() function shall be equivalent to the fseek() function except
       that the offset argument is of type off_t.

RETURN VALUE
       The fseek() and fseeko() functions shall return 0 if they succeed.

       Otherwise, they shall return −1 and set errno to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       The fseek() and fseeko() functions shall fail if, either the stream is
       unbuffered or the stream's buffer needed to be flushed, and the call to
       fseek() or fseeko() causes an underlying lseek() or write() to be
       invoked, and:

       EAGAIN The O_NONBLOCK flag is set for the file descriptor and the thread
              would be delayed in the write operation.

       EBADF  The file descriptor underlying the stream file is not open for
              writing or the stream's buffer needed to be flushed and the file
              is not open.

       EFBIG  An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the maximum file
              size.

       EFBIG  An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the file size
              limit of the process.

       EFBIG  The file is a regular file and an attempt was made to write at or
              beyond the offset maximum associated with the corresponding
              stream.

       EINTR  The write operation was terminated due to the receipt of a signal,
              and no data was transferred.

       EINVAL The whence argument is invalid. The resulting file-position
              indicator would be set to a negative value.

       EIO    A physical I/O error has occurred, or the process is a member of a
              background process group attempting to perform a write() to its
              controlling terminal, TOSTOP is set, the calling thread is not
              blocking SIGTTOU, the process is not ignoring SIGTTOU, and the
              process group of the process is orphaned.  This error may also be
              returned under implementation-defined conditions.

       ENOSPC There was no free space remaining on the device containing the
              file.

       EOVERFLOW
              For fseek(), the resulting file offset would be a value which
              cannot be represented correctly in an object of type long.

       EOVERFLOW
              For fseeko(), the resulting file offset would be a value which
              cannot be represented correctly in an object of type off_t.

       EPIPE  An attempt was made to write to a pipe or FIFO that is not open
              for reading by any process; a SIGPIPE signal shall also be sent to
              the thread.

       ESPIPE The file descriptor underlying stream is associated with a pipe,
              FIFO, or socket.

       The fseek() and fseeko() functions may fail if:

       ENXIO  A request was made of a nonexistent device, or the request was
              outside the capabilities of the device.

       The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES
       None.

APPLICATION USAGE
       None.

RATIONALE
       None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS
       None.

SEE ALSO
       Section 2.5, Standard I/O Streams, fopen(), fsetpos(), ftell(),
       getrlimit(), lseek(), rewind(), ulimit(), ungetc(), write()

       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <stdio.h>

COPYRIGHT
       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
       -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
       Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical
       and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.  (This is POSIX.1-2008
       with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any
       discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
       Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee
       document. The original Standard can be obtained online at
       http://www.unix.org/online.html .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most
       likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files
       to man page format. To report such errors, see
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .



IEEE/The Open Group                   2013                         FSEEK(3POSIX)