fvwm-menu-desktop(1)             Fvwm Modules             fvwm-menu-desktop(1)

       fvwm-menu-desktop - Reads XDG menu files and creates Fvwm menus

       fvwm-menu-desktop [ --help|-h ] [ --version ] [ --install-prefix DIR ]
       [ --desktop NAME ] [ --menu-type NAME ] [ --theme NAME ] [
       --with-titles|-w ] [ --without-titles ] [ --enable-mini-icons ] [
       --size|-s NUM ] [ --mini-icon-dir DIR ] [ --app-icon NAME ] [
       --dir-icon NAME ] [ --title|-t NAME ] [ --insert-in-menu NAME ] [
       --get-menus all|desktop ] [ --set-menus menu_paths ] [ --all-menus ] [
       --include-items NAME ] [ --regen-cmd CMD ] [ --term-cmd CMD ] [
       --dynamic ] [ --menu-error|-e ] [ --verbose|-v ]

       This is a python script which parses XDG menus definitions to build
       corresponding fvwm menus. This script depends on python-xdg to run.

       Main Options

       --help Show the help and exit.

              Show the version and exit.

       --get-menus all|desktop
              Prints a space separated list of full menu paths found on the
              system.  all will print all menus found on the system except
              empty ones.  desktop will print the menu(s) that would be
              generated by the script.

              No menu generation is done.

       --desktop NAME
              Optional parameter to set the NAME of the desktop XDG .menu
              file(s) to use. This option will override any default menus set
              via FvwmForm-XDGMenu-Config and cause the script to find menus
              in which NAME is a part of the file name.  Possible names are:
              gnome, kde, xfce, lxde, debian, etc.

              This option can be used in conjunction with --menu-type to
              control which .menu file(s) are used.

       --menu-type NAME
              Optional parameter to set the NAME of the XDG menu type to use.
              This option will override any default menus set via FvwmForm-
              XDGMenu-Config and cause the script to find menus in which NAME
              is a part of the file name.  Possible NAME types could be:
              applications, settings, preferences, etc.

              When used in conjunction with --desktop, only menus whose file
              name matches '*destkop*menutype*' are found. If no menus are
              found, the script exits with an error.

              This option will build all menus found on the system. If used in
              conjunction with --desktop or --menu-type this will build all
              menus matching those settings.

       --install-prefix DIR
              Optional parameter to override the standard locations for XDG
              menu definitions. Tells fvwm-menu-desktop to look in DIR for
              .menu files instead of the standard locations /etc/xdg/menus
              (and $HOME/.config/menus if it exists).

              If this option is set menus are generated with titles. This is
              the default.  This option can be used to override the FvwmForm-
              XDGMenu-Config default setting.

              If this option is set menus are generated without titles. The
              default is to generate with titles.

       --title|-t NAME
              Option to define the menu title NAME of the top menu used by
              Fvwm's Menu or Popup commands. Default is "XDGMenu".

       --include-items NAME
              This option controls if the additional menu items 'Regenerate'
              and 'Configure' are included in the top level menu. NAME can be
              one of regenerate, config, both, or none. The default is both.

       --regen-cmd CMD
              This option sets the fvwm command CMD that is run when the menu
              item ´Regenerate' is selected. The default is "PipeRead `fvwm-

       --term-cmd CMD
              This option sets the terminal emulator command CMD that is used
              to to run terminal applications in. CMD needs to end with an
              execute option, such as xterm's -e option, which will run the
              command that is appended to CMD. The default is "xterm -e".

              Debian specific: Per Debian policy, default changed to "x-
              terminal-emulator -e"

              This option is to be used with creating dynamic menus using
              DynamicPopUpAction and DynamicPopDownAction. This adds a
              'recreate' to the DestroyMenu command on the top level menu so
              those actions are not Destroyed when the menu is regenerated.

       --insert-in-menu NAME
              Option to insert generated menu(s) IN a menu NAME (its top
              title). This option makes it so the top level menu is not
              Destroyed and the items are added to the end.

              Note menus regenerated with this option will append the menu
              items at the end of the existing menu. Each time the menu is
              regenerated new menu items appear giving a growing menu of
              duplicate items.  You have to regenerate the whole menu via a
              function or restart fvwm. See EXAMPLES below for some solutions.

       --set-menus menu_paths
              Generates all menus listed in a space separated list of full
              menu paths.  This option overrides any defaults and
              --desktop|--menu-type settings.

       --menu-error |-t
              If this option is present and python-xdg is not found, the
              script will print the error in the generated menu. Used in the

              Enables additional information printouts on STDERR.

       Icons Options

              By default, fvwm-menu-desktop builds menus without mini-icons.
              To enable mini-icons use the following options.

              If ImageMagick is installed on the system, the script will
              resize and copy the icons to $FVWM_USERDIR/.icons. This can take
              awhile. You should be prepared to wait the first time you
              generate the icons. Once the icons have been generated the
              script should run faster. If it is still to slow using icons,
              see EXAMPLES for ways to limit how often the menu is generated
              to speed things up.

              This option enables mini-icons in the menus. If set, 24x24 mini-
              icons are used. If the specified icon isn't that size it will be
              converted if ImageMagick is installed and saved in
              $HOME/.fvwm/icons or to the directory specified with
              --mini-icon-dir option. Otherwise no icon appears in the menu
              for that entry.  With most distributions, all the menu entries
              will have mini-icons appropriate to the application.

       --theme NAME
              Defines the used icon theme. Default is gnome but all others
              found in /usr/share/icons could be used except the hicolor theme
              because it's the default fallback theme if no icon is found.

       --size|-s NUM
              If --enable-mini-icons is used the size of the icons can changed
              with this parameter. Default is 24.

       --mini-icon-dir DIR
              When the right size mini-icon isn't available, fvwm-menu-desktop
              creates icons with the right size in $HOME/.fvwm/icons.  If you
              don't want to use the default directory, $HOME/.fvwm/icons, use
              this option to specify a different folder.

       --app-icon NAME
              Sets the default application icon if no others are found.
              Default is ´gnome-applications'.

       --dir-icon NAME
              Sets the default directory icon if no others are found. Default
              is ´gnome-fs-directory'.

       fvwm-menu-desktop outputs XDG .menu files in the syntax of fvwm menus.
       When fvwm-menu-desktop is run with no options, it will load defaults
       from the FvwmForm-XDGMenu-Config file (see below) then search your
       system for suitable menu file(s). To see which menus are available on
       your system run:

              fvwm-menu-desktop --get-menus all

       If no menus are found you may not have any installed on your system. By
       default menus are stored as *.menu files in /etc/xdg/menus,
       $HOME/.config/menus or the location set in $XDG_MENU_PREFIX. You can
       use --install-prefix to specify another location search for menus.

       Though a combination of command line options and the FvwmForm-XDGMenu-
       Config settings, fvwm-menu-desktop can generate any combination of the
       menus found. To get a list of what menu(s) would be generated use the
       --get-menus desktop option. The following will list all menus generated
       if fvwm-menu-desktop was run with no options.

              fvwm-menu-desktop --get-menus desktop

       fvwm-menu-desktop determines which menu(s) to generate as follows

              If no config file is found, all menus will be weighted and the
              script will generate the best (highest weight) menu found.

              If a config file is found (and override options are not used)
              the script will generate all menus selected in FvwmForm-XDGMenu-

              --desktop, --menu-type, --set-menus and --all-menus will
              override any menus selected in FvwmForm-XDGMenu-Config.

              --desktop and --menu-type will only include menus whose name
              matches '*desktop*menutype*'. If used with --all-menus, all
              matching menus are generated. If used without --all-menus, only
              the highest weighted menu is generated.

              --set-menus generates menus from the list of full path menu file

              --all-menus by itself will generate all menus found.

       By default fvwm-menu-desktop will generate a menu whose top level name
       is "XDGMenu". To tell fvwm to read the output of fvwm-menu-desktop to
       create the menu XDGMenu add the following to your fvwm config file:

              PipeRead 'fvwm-menu-desktop'

       Warning: Depending on the options used this command may be slow and
       fvwm will pause until this command is complete. See EXAMPLES below for
       more details and possible workarounds.

       Once the menu is generated you can open the menu by using the command
       "Menu XDGMenu". You can also include this in the MenuFvwmRoot menu by:

              AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "XDG Menu" Popup XDGMenu

       fvwm-menu-desktop can be configured though both command line options
       and a FvwmForm GUI to customize the menu(s) that get generated.

       FvwmForm-XDGMenu-Config is a FvwmForm interface that can be used to
       configure the defaults for fvwm-menu-desktop. You can access this from
       the "Configure" item in the top level menu that is generated or run the
       following from within FvwmConsole

              Module FvwmPerl -l fvwm-menu-desktop-config.fpl

       This form can be used to select which menu(s) get generated by default
       along with setting many (but not all) of the available options. When
       you click "Save Settings" the form will write a config file located at
       $FVWM_USERDIR/.FvwmForm-XDGMenu-Config that fvwm-menu-desktop will
       parse for defaults when run.

       See the help inside of FvwmForm-XDGMenu-Config for more information.

       There are many ways to setup when fvwm runs fvwm-menu-desktop to
       generate the menu. One method is to just generate the menu when fvwm
       loads and then use the GUI config tool to change any options.  To do
       this you only need to add the following to the fvwm config file:

              AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "XDG Menu" Popup XDGMenu
              PipeRead 'fvwm-menu-desktop'

       The menu is created once when fvwm loads. Since menu creation can
       sometimes be slow, this could cause fvwm to take longer to load than
       one wants.

       The menu is only generated when fvwm starts. If software is installed
       or removed you will have to select the 'Regenerate' option to rebuild
       the menu.

       One way to speed things up is to save the menu in a file and only
       generate the menu when 'Regenerate' is selected. To do this use
       --regen-cmd to call a custom function and write the menu to a file
       using a command like

              fvwm-menu-desktop --regen-cmd XDGRegen > $FVWM_USERDIR/.XDGMenu

       Then add the following to the fvwm config file to define the function
       XDGRegen. The second to last line will generate the menu if the menu
       file doesn't exist when fvwm starts.

              DestroyFunc XDGRegen
              AddToFunc XDGRegen
              + I PipeRead 'fvwm-menu-desktop --regen-cmd XDGRegen > \
                  $[FVWM_USERDIR]/.XDGMenu; echo "Nop"'
              + I Read $[FVWM_USERDIR]/.XDGMenu

              Test (!f $[FVWM_USERDIR]/.XDGMenu) XDGRegen
              Read $[FVWM_USERDIR]/.XDGMenu

       Besides creating a top level menu, fvwm-menu-desktop can insert the
       menu into an existing menu using the --insert-in-menu option. For
       example one could create the menu MenuFvwmRoot and include the XDG
       items at the end.

              DestroyMenu MenuFvwmRoot
              AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "Fvwm" Title
              + "Item1" Action1
              + "ItemN" ActionN
              + "" Nop
              PipeRead 'fvwm-menu-desktop --insert-in-menu MenuFvwmRoot'

       In this case the menu items are inserted at the end of the MenuFvwmRoot
       menu.  If no items are in the menu, this menu becomes MenuFvwmRoot. The
       problem here is, that you have to restart fvwm or rebuild the whole
       menu to Regenerate it because menu items cannot be removed.  To do this
       you could use a function like

              DestroyFunc XDGRegen
              AddToFunc XDGRegen
              + I DestroyMenu MenuFvwmRoot
              + I AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "Fvwm" Title
              + I AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "Item1" Action1
              + I AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "ItemN" ActionN
              + I AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "" Nop
              + I PipeRead 'fvwm-menu-desktop --insert-in-menu MenuFvwmRoot \
                            --regen-cmd XDGRegen'

       Fvwm can also create menus dynamically by using DynamicPopUpAction
       and/or DynamicPopDownAction. These commands when used with a Menu will
       run a Function when the menu is opened. For example one could create
       the menu XDGMenu when it is opened using

              AddToMenu XDGMenu "XDGMenu" Title
              + DynamicPopUpAction PipeRead 'fvwm-menu-desktop'

       This will create the menu when it is opened. One issue here is it will
       only create the menu the first time it is opened, and you still have to
       Regenerate the menu to see any changes. To create the menu each time it
       is open used the --dynamic option

              AddToMenu XDGMenu "XDGMenu" Title
              + DynamicPopUpAction PipeRead 'fvwm-menu-desktop \
                                   --dynamic --include-items config'
              + DynamicPopDownAction DestroyMenu recreate XDGMenu

       This will now Destroy the menu when it closed so it can be rebuilt the
       next time it is opened. The recreate flag doesn't completely destroy
       the menu keeping the DynamicPopUpAction and DynamicPopDownAction
       actions.  The --dynamic flag includes the recreate option in the
       generated menus.

       To insert a menu into MenuFvwmRoot and still be dynamic you need to use
       a function that generates the whole menu. For example

              DestroyFunc GenRootMenu
              AddToFunc GenRootMenu
              + I DestroyMenu recreate MenuFvwmRoot
              + I AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "Fvwm" Title
              + I AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "Item1" Action1
              + I AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "ItemN" ActionN
              + I AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "" Nop
              + PipeRead `fvwm-menu-desktop --insert-in-menu MenuFvwmRoot \
                         --include-items config`

              AddToMenu MenuFvwmRoot "Fvwm" Title
              + DynamicPopUpAction GenRootMenu
              + DynamicPopDownAction DestroyMenu recreate MenuFvwmRoot

       The whole process of creating menus from files is slow.  Otherwise
       report bugs to the fvwm-workers mailing list <fvwm-workers@fvwm.org>.

       This script is based on fvwm-xdg-menu.py written by Piotr Zielinski
       (http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~pz215/) who assigned Licence: GPL 2 Date:

       The script was reworked to replace the existing fvwm-menu-desktop perl
       script by the fvwm-workers.

       The script is distributed by the same terms as fvwm itself. See GNU
       General Public License for details.

3rd Berkeley Distribution  06 November 2016 (2.6.8)       fvwm-menu-desktop(1)