fvwm-menu-headlines(1)          Fvwm Utilities          fvwm-menu-headlines(1)

       fvwm-menu-headlines - builds headlines menu definition for fvwm

       fvwm-menu-headlines [ --help|-h|-? ] [ --version|-V ] [ --info [site] ]
       [ --site|-s site ] [ --name|-n name ] [ --title|-t title ] [ --item
       item ] [ --exec|-e exec-command ] [ --command|-e fvwm-command ] [
       --icon-title icon ] [ --icon-item icon ] [ --icon-home icon ] [
       --icon-error icon ] [ --wm-icons ] [ --frontpage [where] ] [ --proxy|-p
       host:port ] [ --file [file] ] [ --fake [file] ] [ --timeout seconds ]

       This configurable perl script builds an fvwm menu definition for
       headlines of popular news web sites: FreshMeat, Slashdot, LinuxToday,
       DaemonNews, GNOME-News, KDE-News, RootPrompt, LinuxFr, ThinkGeek, CNN,
       BBC and more.

       It is possible to specify a customized menu item format, change a
       command (usually launching a browser) and add menu icons (there is a
       support for the wm-icons package).

           show the help and exit

           show the version and exit

       --info [site]
           if site name is given print the site specific info, otherwise print
           all site names

       --site site
           defile a web site, headlines of which to show, this option also can
           be used together with --help to get new defaults. Default site:

       --name name
           define menu name (default is "MenuHeadlinesFreshmeat")

       --title title
           define menu title (default is "Freshmeat Headlines").

       --item label-format
       --exec command-format
           define format for menu item or command (what is shown and what is
           executed when the item is chosen). Default label is
           '%h\t%[(%Y-%m-%d %H:%M)]'. TAB can be specified as '\t', but in
           .fvwm2rc you should specify a double backslash or a real TAB.

           Format specifiers for a headline format:

             %h - headline
             %u - url
             %d - date in the native format (that site backend supplied)
             %[strftime-argument-string] - date/time, see strftime(3)
               the date/time is represented according to the local time;
               date and/or time fields that can't be guessed are stripped
               Example: %[|%d %B %Y| %H:%M %S]
                 If site supplied only date - this becomes %[|%d %B %Y|],
                 if site supplied no date - this becomes an empty string.
             %{name} - site specific named value, like %{comments}
             %(text) - arbitrary text, good for escaping or aligning

           These specifiers can receive an optional integer size, positive for
           right adjusted string or negative for left adjusted, example: %8x;
           and optional *num or *-num, which means to leave only the first or
           last (if minus) num of chars, the num must be greater than 3, since
           the striped part is replaced with "...", example: %*30x. Both can
           be combined: %-10*-20x, this instructs to get only the 20 last
           characters, but if the length is less then 10 - to fill with up to
           10 spaces on the right.


             --exec "iceweasel -remote 'openURL(%u, new-window)' || iceweasel '%u'"

       --command command-format
           like --exec above, but enables to specify any fvwm command, for
           example, "Function FuncFvwmShowURL '%u'" not only Exec.

           In fact, --exec="mozilla '%u'" is equivalent to --command="Exec
           mozilla '%u'"

       --icon-title icon
       --icon-item icon
       --icon-home icon
       --icon-error icon
           define menu icon for title, regular item, frontpage item and error
           item respectively. Default is no menu icons (equivalent to an empty
           icon argument).

           define icon names suitable for use with wm-icons package. Currently
           this is equivalent to: --icon-title '' --icon-item
           menu/information.xpm --icon-home menu/home.xpm --icon-error

       --frontpage [where]
           add the site frontpage item to the menu. Optional value can be used
           to specify where this item will be placed in the menu - 'top' or
           't', 'bottom' or 'b'.

       --proxy host[:port]
           define a proxy to use. Example: --proxy proxy.inter.net:3128

       --file [file]
           write the menu output to specified file. If no filename is given
           with this option (or empty filename), the default filename
           WORK_HOME/SITE.menu is used. Without this option or with '-'
           filename, the menu output is written to standard output.

       --fake [file]
           don't connect to the host using HTTP protocol, instead, read from
           WORK_HOME/SITE.in file. The following reads input from freshmeat.in
           (downloaded http://freshmeat.net/backend/recentnews.txt) and saves
           output to segfault.menu (both files are in WORK_HOME): fvwm-menu-
           headlines --site freshmeat --fake --file

       --timeout seconds
           limit a line reading from a socket to this timeout, the default
           timeout is 20 seconds.

       WORK_HOME of this script is ~/.fvwm/.fvwm-menu-headlines. It is created
       if needed.

       Option parameters can be specified either using '=' or in the next
       argument. Short options are ok if not ambiguous: "-h", "-t"; but be
       careful with short options, what is now unambiguous, can become
       ambiguous in the next versions.

       1. One of the ways to use this script is to define a crontab entry to
       run the script every hour or so for every monitored site:

         0,30 * * * * fvwm-menu-headlines --file --site freshmeat
         1,31 * * * * fvwm-menu-headlines --file --site linuxtoday
         2,32 * * * * fvwm-menu-headlines --file --site slashdot

       Then add these lines to your fvwm configuration file:

         DestroyFunc FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines
         AddToFunc   FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines
         + I Read "$HOME/.fvwm/.fvwm-menu-headlines/$0.menu"

         DestroyMenu MenuHeadlines
         AddToMenu   MenuHeadlines "Headlines" Title
         + MissingSubmenuFunction FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines
         + "FreshMeat"  Popup freshmeat
         + "LinuxToday" Popup linuxtoday
         + "Slashdot"   Popup slashdot

       2. Another way to use this script (only if you have fast network/proxy)
       is to run it every time you want to open your Headlines submenus.
       (Note, the submenu that is once created is not reloaded, use "Reset

       In this case your fvwm configuration lines could be:

         DestroyFunc FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines
         AddToFunc   FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines
         + I PipeRead "fvwm-menu-headlines --site $0"
         #+ I Schedule 900000 DestroyMenu $0  # reset generated menu in 15 minutes

         DestroyMenu MenuHeadlines
         AddToMenu   MenuHeadlines "Headlines" Title
         + MissingSubmenuFunction FuncFvwmMenuHeadlines
         + "FreshMeat"  Popup freshmeat
         + "Slashdot"   Popup slashdot
         + "LinuxToday" Popup linuxtoday
         + "GNOME News" Popup gnome-news
         + "KDE News"   Popup kde-news
         + "" Nop
         + "Reset all"  FuncResetHeadlines

         DestroyFunc FuncResetHeadlines
         AddToFunc   FuncResetHeadlines
         + I DestroyMenu freshmeat
         + I DestroyMenu linuxtoday
         + I DestroyMenu slashdot
         + I DestroyMenu gnome-news
         + I DestroyMenu kde-news

       And finally, add "Popup MenuHeadlines" somewhere.

       3. Here is a usual usage. Use FvwmConsole or FvwmCommand to run fvwm
       commands from a shell script. Every time you want headlines from some
       site, execute (give any additional options if you want):

         PipeRead "fvwm-menu-headlines --site newsforge --name MenuHeadlinesNewsForge"
         # this may take several seconds, you may use: BusyCursor Read true
         Popup MenuHeadlinesNewsForge

       It is possible to add user defined site headlines without touching the
       script itself. Put your perl extensions to the file
       WORK_HOME/extension.pl. For each site add something similar to:

         $site_info->{'myslashdot'} = {
           'name' => "MySlashdot",
           'host' => "myslashdot.org",
           'path' => "/myslashdot.xml",
           'func' => \&process_my_slashdot,
           # the following string is only used in --info
           'flds' => 'time, title, department, topic, author, url',

         sub process_my_slashdot () {
           return process_xml(
             # mandatory 'h', 'u' and 'd' aliases or undef
             { 'h' => 'title', 'u' => 'url', 'd' => 'time' },
             sub ($) {  # convert 'd' string to (y, m, d, H, M, S)
               $_[0] =~ /(\d+)-(\d+)-(\d+) (\d+):(\d+):(\d+)/;
               ($1, ($2 || 0) - 1, $3, $4, $5, $6);
             }, +0,  # timezone offset; already in UTC


       This script is inspired by WMHeadlines v1.3 by:

         Jeff Meininger <jeffm@boxybutgood.com>

       Reimplemented for fvwm and heavily enhanced by:

         Mikhael Goikhman <migo@homemail.com>, 16 Dec 1999.

       The script is distributed by the same terms as fvwm itself. See GNU
       General Public License for details.

       I try to keep all supported site info up to date, but sites often go
       down, change their backend formats, change their httpd responses, just
       stop to post news and so on; the script in the latest cvs may be more
       up to date.

       The headline times may be off by one hour or more, since the time is
       displayed for your local time zone, and the time zone of the original
       time in the site backend output is often guessed (sometimes
       incorrectly); similarly it is guessed whether to apply the daylight
       saving correction.

       Report bugs to fvwm-bug@fvwm.org.

2.5.28 (from cvs)                 2009-03-22            fvwm-menu-headlines(1)