GETFACL(1)                   Access Control Lists                   GETFACL(1)

       getfacl - get file access control lists

       getfacl [-dRLPvh] file ...

       getfacl [-dRLPvh] -

       For each file, getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and
       the Access Control List (ACL). If a directory has a default ACL,
       getfacl also displays the default ACL. Non-directories cannot have
       default ACLs.

       If getfacl is used on a file system that does not support ACLs, getfacl
       displays the access permissions defined by the traditional file mode
       permission bits.

       The output format of getfacl is as follows:
               1:  # file: somedir/
               2:  # owner: lisa
               3:  # group: staff
               4:  user::rwx
               5:  user:joe:rwx               #effective:r-x
               6:  group::rwx                 #effective:r-x
               7:  group:cool:r-x
               8:  mask:r-x
               9:  other:r-x
              10:  default:user::rwx
              11:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
              12:  default:group::r-x
              13:  default:mask:r-x
              14:  default:other:---

       Lines 4, 6 and 9 correspond to the user, group and other fields of the
       file mode permission bits. These three are called the base ACL entries.
       Lines 5 and 7 are named user and named group entries. Line 8 is the
       effective rights mask. This entry limits the effective rights granted
       to all groups and to named users. (The file owner and others
       permissions are not affected by the effective rights mask; all other
       entries are.)  Lines 10--14 display the default ACL associated with
       this directory. Directories may have a default ACL. Regular files never
       have a default ACL.

       The default behavior for getfacl is to display both the ACL and the
       default ACL, and to include an effective rights comment for lines where
       the rights of the entry differ from the effective rights.

       If output is to a terminal, the effective rights comment is aligned to
       column 40. Otherwise, a single tab character separates the ACL entry
       and the effective rights comment.

       The ACL listings of multiple files are separated by blank lines.  The
       output of getfacl can also be used as input to setfacl.

       Process with search access to a file (i.e., processes with read access
       to the containing directory of a file) are also granted read access to
       the file's ACLs.  This is analogous to the permissions required for
       accessing the file mode.

           Display the file access control list.

       -d, --default
           Display the default access control list.

           Do not display the comment header (the first three lines of each
           file's output).

           Print all effective rights comments, even if identical to the
           rights defined by the ACL entry.

           Do not print effective rights comments.

           Skip files that only have the base ACL entries (owner, group,

       -R, --recursive
           List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.

       -L, --logical
           Logical walk, follow symbolic links. The default behavior is to
           follow symbolic link arguments, and to skip symbolic links
           encountered in subdirectories.

       -P, --physical
           Physical walk, skip all symbolic links. This also skips symbolic
           link arguments.

           Use an alternative tabular output format. The ACL and the default
           ACL are displayed side by side. Permissions that are ineffective
           due to the ACL mask entry are displayed capitalized. The entry tag
           names for the ACL_USER_OBJ and ACL_GROUP_OBJ entries are also
           displayed in capital letters, which helps in spotting those

           Do not strip leading slash characters (`/'). The default behavior
           is to strip leading slash characters.

           Print the version of getfacl and exit.

           Print help explaining the command line options.

       --  End of command line options. All remaining parameters are
           interpreted as file names, even if they start with a dash

       -   If the file name parameter is a single dash character, getfacl
           reads a list of files from standard input.

       If the environment variable POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the default
       behavior of getfacl changes in the following ways: Unless otherwise
       specified, only the ACL is printed. The default ACL is only printed if
       the -d option is given. If no command line parameter is given, getfacl
       behaves as if it was invoked as ``getfacl -''.

       Andreas Gruenbacher, <>.

       Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.

       setfacl(1), acl(5)

May 2000                      ACL File Utilities                    GETFACL(1)