gethostname

GETHOSTNAME(3)            BSD Library Functions Manual            GETHOSTNAME(3)

NAME
     gethostname, sethostname — get/set name of current host

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     gethostname(char *name, size_t namelen);

     int
     sethostname(const char *name, int namelen);

DESCRIPTION
     The gethostname() function returns the standard host name for the current
     processor, as previously set by sethostname().  The namelen argument
     specifies the size of the name array.  The returned name is null-terminated
     unless insufficient space is provided.

     The sethostname() function sets the name of the host machine to be name,
     which has length namelen.  This call is restricted to the super-user and is
     normally used only when the system is bootstrapped.

     Host names are limited to {HOST_NAME_MAX} characters, not including the
     trailing null, currently 255.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1
     is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     The following errors may be returned by these calls:

     [EFAULT]           The name or namelen argument gave an invalid address.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     The current host name is longer than namelen.  (For
                        gethostname() only.)

     [EPERM]            The caller tried to set the host name and was not the
                        super-user.

SEE ALSO
     sysconf(3), sysctl(3)

STANDARDS
     The gethostname() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (“POSIX.1”).
     Callers should be aware that {HOST_NAME_MAX} may be variable or infinite,
     but is guaranteed to be no less than {_POSIX_HOST_NAME_MAX}.  On older
     systems, this limit was defined in the non-standard header <sys/param.h> as
     MAXHOSTNAMELEN, and counted the terminating null.  The sethostname()
     function and the error returns for gethostname() are not standardized.

HISTORY
     The gethostname() function appeared in 4.2BSD.  The namelen argument to
     gethostname() was changed to size_t in FreeBSD 5.2 for alignment with IEEE
     Std 1003.1-2001 (“POSIX.1”).

BSD                              August 18, 2003                             BSD