GETSOCKOPT(2)               Linux Programmer's Manual              GETSOCKOPT(2)

       getsockopt, setsockopt - get and set options on sockets

       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int getsockopt(int sockfd, int level, int optname,
                      void *restrict optval, socklen_t *restrict optlen);
       int setsockopt(int sockfd, int level, int optname,
                      const void *optval, socklen_t optlen);

       getsockopt() and setsockopt() manipulate options for the socket referred
       to by the file descriptor sockfd.  Options may exist at multiple protocol
       levels; they are always present at the uppermost socket level.

       When manipulating socket options, the level at which the option resides
       and the name of the option must be specified.  To manipulate options at
       the sockets API level, level is specified as SOL_SOCKET.  To manipulate
       options at any other level the protocol number of the appropriate
       protocol controlling the option is supplied.  For example, to indicate
       that an option is to be interpreted by the TCP protocol, level should be
       set to the protocol number of TCP; see getprotoent(3).

       The arguments optval and optlen are used to access option values for
       setsockopt().  For getsockopt() they identify a buffer in which the value
       for the requested option(s) are to be returned.  For getsockopt(), optlen
       is a value-result argument, initially containing the size of the buffer
       pointed to by optval, and modified on return to indicate the actual size
       of the value returned.  If no option value is to be supplied or returned,
       optval may be NULL.

       Optname and any specified options are passed uninterpreted to the
       appropriate protocol module for interpretation.  The include file
       <sys/socket.h> contains definitions for socket level options, described
       below.  Options at other protocol levels vary in format and name; consult
       the appropriate entries in section 4 of the manual.

       Most socket-level options utilize an int argument for optval.  For
       setsockopt(), the argument should be nonzero to enable a boolean option,
       or zero if the option is to be disabled.

       For a description of the available socket options see socket(7) and the
       appropriate protocol man pages.

       On success, zero is returned for the standard options.  On error, -1 is
       returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.

       Netfilter allows the programmer to define custom socket options with
       associated handlers; for such options, the return value on success is the
       value returned by the handler.

       EBADF  The argument sockfd is not a valid file descriptor.

       EFAULT The address pointed to by optval is not in a valid part of the
              process address space.  For getsockopt(), this error may also be
              returned if optlen is not in a valid part of the process address

       EINVAL optlen invalid in setsockopt().  In some cases this error can also
              occur for an invalid value in optval (e.g., for the
              IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP option described in ip(7)).

              The option is unknown at the level indicated.

              The file descriptor sockfd does not refer to a socket.

       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4, 4.4BSD (these system calls first
       appeared in 4.2BSD).

       For background on the socklen_t type, see accept(2).

       Several of the socket options should be handled at lower levels of the

       ioctl(2), socket(2), getprotoent(3), protocols(5), ip(7), packet(7),
       socket(7), tcp(7), udp(7), unix(7)

       This page is part of release 5.13 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at

Linux                              2021-03-22                      GETSOCKOPT(2)