GIMP(1)                         GIMP Manual Pages                        GIMP(1)

       gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.

       gimp [-h] [--help] [--help-all] [--help-gtk] [-v] [--version] [--license]
       [--verbose] [-n] [--new-instance] [-a] [--as-new] [-i] [--no-interface]
       [-d] [--no-data] [-f] [--no-fonts] [-s] [--no-splash]  [--no-shm]
       [--no-cpu-accel] [--display display] [--session <name>] [-g] [--gimprc
       <gimprc>] [--system-gimprc <gimprc>] [--dump-gimprc] [--console-messages]
       [--debug-handlers] [--stack-trace-mode <mode>] [--pdb-compat-mode <mode>]
       [--batch-interpreter <procedure>] [-b] [--batch <command>] [filename] ...

       GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It is used to edit and
       manipulate images. It can load and save a variety of image formats and
       can be used to convert between formats.

       GIMP can also be used as a paint program. It features a set of drawing
       and painting tools such as airbrush, clone, pencil, and paint brush.
       Painting and drawing tools can be applied to an image with a variety of
       paint modes.  It also offers an extensive array of selection tools like
       rectangle, ellipse, fuzzy select, bezier select, intelligent scissors,
       and select by color.

       GIMP offers a variety of plug-ins that perform a variety of image
       manipulations.  Examples include bumpmap, edge detect, gaussian blur, and
       many others. In addition, GIMP has several scripting extensions which
       allow for advanced non-interactive processing and creation of images.

       GIMP ships with a second binary called gimp-console. This binary is a
       console-only version and behaves as if gimp was called with the
       --no-interface command-line option.

       On platforms with the D-Bus message bus system, GIMP will by default
       check if an instance is already running in this user session. If it
       detects that, it will pass all filenames given on the command-line to the
       already running GIMP instance and quit.

       GIMP accepts the following options:

       -h, --help
               Show GIMP command-line options.

               Show all command-line options.

               Show GTK+ command-line options.

               Show GEGL command-line options.

       -v, --version
               Output version information and exit. When combined with the
               --verbose option, version information about libraries used by
               GIMP is shown as well.

               Output license information and exit.

               Be verbose and create information on standard output.

       -n, --new-instance
               Do not attempt to reuse an already running GIMP instance. Always
               start a new one.

       -a, --as-new
               Open filenames passed on the command-line as new images, don't
               set the filename on them.

       -i, --no-interface
               Run without a user interface.

       -d, --no-data
               Do not load patterns, gradients, palettes, or brushes. Often
               useful in non-interactive situations where startup time is to be

       -f, --no-fonts
               Do not load any fonts. No text functionality will be available if
               this option is used.

       --display display
               Use the designated X display.

       -s, --no-splash
               Do not show the splash screen.

               Do not use shared memory between GIMP and its plug-ins.  Instead
               of using shared memory, GIMP will send the data via pipe. This
               will result in slower performance than using shared memory.

               Do not use CPU accelerations such as MMX or SSE even if GIMP
               detects that your CPU provides this functionality.

       --session <name>
               Use a different sessionrc for this GIMP session. The given
               session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

       -g, --gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternative gimprc instead of the default one. Useful in
               cases where plug-in paths or machine specs may be different.

       --system-gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternate system gimprc file.

               Output a gimprc file with default settings.

               Enable debugging signal handlers.

       -c, --console-messages
               Do not popup dialog boxes on errors or warnings. Print the
               messages on the console instead.

       --stack-trace-mode {never|query|always}
               If a stack-trace should be generated in case of fatal signals.

       --pdb-compat-mode {off|on|warn}
               If the PDB should provide aliases for deprecated functions.

       --batch-interpreter <procedure>
               Specifies the procedure to use to process batch events. The
               default is to let Script-Fu evaluate the commands.

       -b, --batch <command>
               Execute <command> non-interactively. This option may appear
               multiple times.  The <command> is passed to the batch
               interpreter. When <command> is - the commands are read from
               standard input.

       GIMP respects a number of environment variables.

       DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.

               to get the name of the personal GIMP directory. If unset
               $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10 is used.  If this is an absolute path,
               it is used as is.  If it is a relative path, it is taken to be a
               subdirectory of $XDG_CONFIG_HOME.

               to get the base location for data files such as brushes and
               patterns.  If unset ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0 is used.

               to get the base location for translations. If unset
               ${datarootdir}/locale is used.

               to get the base location for plug-ins and modules. If unset
               ${exec_prefix}/lib/gimp/2.0 is used.

               to get the location of configuration files. If unset
               /etc/gimp/2.0 is used.

               to get the location for caches files. If unset the system default
               for per-user cached files is used.

               to get the location of temporary files. If unset the system
               default for temporary files is used.

               On Linux GIMP can be compiled with support for binary
               relocatibility.  This will cause data, plug-ins and configuration
               files to be searched relative to the location of the gimp
               executable file unless overridden by the environment variables
               mentioned above.

       GIMP's data files are stored in ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0, where
       ${datarootdir} is set on install, but is typically /usr/share. GIMP's
       system-wide configuration files are stored in /etc/gimp/2.0, where
       ${prefix} is typically /usr.

       Most GIMP configuration is read in from the user's init file,
       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/gimprc. The system wide equivalent is in
       /etc/gimp/2.0/gimprc. The system wide file is parsed first and the user
       gimprc can override the system settings.  /etc/gimp/2.0/gimprc_user is
       the default gimprc placed in users' home directories the first time GIMP
       is run.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/devicerc - holds settings for input devices
       together with the tool, colors, brush, pattern and gradient associated to
       that device.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/gtkrc - users set of GIMP-specific GTK+ config
       settings. Options such as widget color and fonts sizes can be set here.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/gtkrc - system wide default set of GIMP-specific GTK+
       config settings.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/menurc - user's set of keybindings.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/parasiterc - Stores all persistent GIMP
       parasites. This file will be rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/sessionrc - This file takes session-specific
       info (that is info, you want to keep between two GIMP sessions). You are
       not supposed to edit it manually, but of course you can do. This file
       will be entirely rewritten every time you quit GIMP. If this file isn't
       found, defaults are used.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/templaterc - Image templates are kept in this
       file. New images can conveniently created from these templates. If this
       file isn't found, defaults are used.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/unitrc - default user unit database. It contains the unit
       definitions for centimeters, meters, feet, yards, typographic points and
       typographic picas and is placed in users home directories the first time
       GIMP is ran. If this file isn't found, defaults are used.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/unitrc - This file contains your user unit
       database. You can modify this list with the unit editor. You are not
       supposed to edit it manually, but of course you can do.  This file will
       be entirely rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/plug-ins - location of user installed plug-

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/pluginrc - plug-in initialization values are
       stored here. This file is parsed on startup and regenerated if need be.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/modules - location of user installed modules.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/tmp - default location that GIMP uses as
       temporary space.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/brushes - system wide brush files.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/brushes - user created and installed brush
       files. These files are in the .gbr, .gih or .vbr file formats.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/curves - Curve profiles and presets as saved
       from the Curves tool.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/gimpressionist - Presets and user created
       brushes and papers are stored here.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/levels - Level profiles and presets as saved
       from the Levels tool.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/palettes - the system wide palette files.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/palettes - user created and modified palette
       files. This files are in the .gpl format.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/patterns - basic set of patterns for use in GIMP.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/patterns - user created and installed gimp
       pattern files. This files are in the .pat format.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gradients - standard system wide set of gradient

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/gradients - user created and installed
       gradient files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/scripts - system wide directory of scripts used
       in Script-Fu and other scripting extensions.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/scripts - user created and installed scripts.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gflares - system wide directory used by the
       gflare plug-in.

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/gflares - user created and installed gflare

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gfig - system wide directory used by the gfig

       $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/GIMP/2.10/gfig - user created and installed gfig files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-splash.png - the default image used
       for the GIMP splash screen.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-logo.png - image used in the GIMP
       about dialog.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/tips/gimp-tips.xml - tips as displayed in the
       "Tip of the Day" dialog box.

       GIMP comes with a default image for the splash screen but it allows
       system administrators and users to customize the splash screen by
       providing other images. The image to be used with the splash screen is
       chosen as follows:

       1.     GIMP tries to load a random splash screen from the directory

       2.     It then falls back to using

       3.     If the user didn't install any custom splash images, a random
              image is picked from ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/splashes.

       4.     As a last resort, GIMP uses the default splash image located at

       Any bugs found should be reported to the online bug-tracking system
       available on the web at
       Before reporting bugs, please check to see if the bug has already been

       When reporting GIMP bugs, it is important to include a reliable way to
       reproduce the bug, version number of GIMP (and probably GTK+), OS name
       and version, and any relevant hardware specs. If a bug is causing a
       crash, it is very useful if a stack trace can be provided. And of course,
       patches to rectify the bug are even better.

       The canonical place to find GIMP info is at  Here
       you can find links to just about many other GIMP sites, tutorials, data
       sets, mailing list archives, and more.

       There is also a GIMP User Manual available at that
       goes into much more detail about the interactive use of GIMP.

       The latest versions of GIMP and the GTK+ libs are always available at

       Spencer Kimball, Peter Mattis and the GIMP Development Team.

       With patches, fixes, plug-ins, extensions, scripts, translations,
       documentation and more from lots and lots of people all over the world.

       gimprc(5), gimptool(1),

Version 2.10.22                   March 23 2008                          GIMP(1)