GIMP(1)                        GIMP Manual Pages                       GIMP(1)

       gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.

       gimp [-h] [--help] [-v] [--version] [--verbose] [--no-shm]
       [--no-cpu-accel] [--display display] [-d] [--no-data] [-f] [--no-fonts]
       [-i] [--no-interface] [-s] [--no-splash] [--session <name>] [-g]
       [--gimprc <gimprc>] [--system-gimprc <gimprc>] [--dump-gimprc]
       [--console-messages] [--debug-handlers] [--batch-interpreter
       <procedure>] [-b] [--batch <commands>] [filename] ...

       The GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It is used to edit and
       manipulate images. It can load and save a variety of image formats and
       can be used to convert between formats.

       GIMP can also be used as a paint program. It features a set of drawing
       and painting tools such as airbrush, clone, pencil, and paint brush.
       Painting and drawing tools can be applied to an image with a variety of
       paint modes.  It also offers an extensive array of selection tools like
       rectangle, ellipse, fuzzy select, bezier select, intelligent scissors,
       and select by color.

       GIMP offers a variety of plugins that perform a variety of image
       manipulations.  Examples include bumpmap, edge detect, gaussian blur,
       and many others.

       In addition, GIMP has several scripting extension which allow for
       advanced non-interactive processing and creation of images.

       The gimp accepts the following options:

       -h, --help
               Display a list of all commandline options.

       -v, --version
               Output the version info.

               Show startup messages.

               Do not use shared memory between GIMP and its plugins.  Instead
               of using shared memory, GIMP will send the data via pipe. This
               will result in slower performance than using shared memory.

               Do not use CPU accelerations such as MMX or SSE even if GIMP
               detects that your CPU provides this functionality.

       -d, --no-data
               Do not load patterns, gradients, palettes, or brushes. Often
               useful in non-interactive situations where startup time is to
               be minimized.

       -f, --no-fonts
               Do not load any fonts. No text functionality will be available
               if this option is used.

       -i, --no-interface
               Run without a user interface.

       --display display
               Use the designated X display.

       -s, --no-splash
               Do not show the splash screen.

       --session <name>
               Use a different sessionrc for this GIMP session. The given
               session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

       -g, --gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternative gimprc instead of the default one. Useful in
               cases where plugins paths or machine specs may be different.

       --system-gimprc <gimprc>
               Use an alternate system gimprc file.

               Output a gimprc file with default settings.

               Enable debugging signal handlers.

       -c, --console-messages
               Do not popup dialog boxes on errors or warnings. Print the
               messages on the console instead.

       --stack-trace-mode {never|query|always}
               If a stack-trace should be generated in case of fatal signals.

       --pdb-compat-mode {off|on|warn}
               If the PDB should provide aliases for deprecated functions.

       --batch-interpreter <procedure>
               Specifies the procedure to use to process batch events. The
               default is to let Script-Fu evaluate the commands.

       -b, --batch <commands>
               Execute the set of <commands> non-interactively. The set of
               <commands> is typically in the form of a script that can be
               executed by one of the GIMP scripting extensions. When
               <commands> is - the commands are read from standard input.


       DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.

               to get the name of a resource file that overrides the global
               resources stored in the RESOURCE_MANAGER property.

       GIMP's data files are stored in /usr/share/gimp/2.0, where
       ${datarootdir} is set on install, but is typically /usr/share. GIMP's
       system-wide configuration files are stored in /etc/gimp/2.0, where
       ${prefix} is typically /usr.

       Most GIMP configuration is read in from the user's init file,
       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gimprc. The system wide equivalent is in /etc/gimprc.
       The system wide file is parsed first and the user gimprc can override
       the system settings.  /etc/gimprc_user is the default gimprc placed in
       users' home directories the first time GIMP is run.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/devicerc - holds settings for input devices together
       with the tool, colors, brush, pattern and gradient associated to that

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/documents - lists all images that have been opened or
       saved using GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gtkrc - users set of GIMP-specific GTK config settings.
       Options such as widget color and fonts sizes can be set here.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/gtkrc - sytem wide default set of GIMP-specific GTK+
       config settings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/menurc - user's set of keybindings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/parasiterc - Stores all persistent GIMP parasites. This
       file will be rewritten every time you quit the GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/sessionrc - This file takes session-specific info (that
       is info, you want to keep between two GIMP sessions). You are not
       supposed to edit it manually, but of course you can do. This file will
       be entirely rewritten every time you quit the GIMP. If this file isn't
       found, defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/templaterc - Image templates are kept in this file. New
       images can conveniently created from these templates. If this file
       isn't found, defaults are used.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/unitrc - default user unit database. It contains the unit
       definitions for centimeters, meters, feet, yards, typographic points
       and typographic picas and is placed in users home directories the first
       time the GIMP is ran. If this file isn't found, defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/unitrc - This file contains your user unit database.
       You can modify this list with the unit editor. You are not supposed to
       edit it manually, but of course you can do.  This file will be entirely
       rewritten every time you quit the GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/plug-ins - location of user installed plugins.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/pluginrc - plugin initialization values are stored
       here. This file is parsed on startup and regenerated if need be.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/modules - location of user installed modules.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/tmp - default location that GIMP uses as temporary

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/brushes - system wide brush files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/brushes - user created and installed brush files. These
       files are in the .gbr, .gih or .vbr file formats.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/curves - Curve profiles and presets as saved from the
       Curves tool.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gimpressionist - Presets and user created brushes and
       papers are stored here.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/levels - Level profiles and presets as saved from the
       Levels tool.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/palettes - the system wide palette files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/palettes - user created and modified palette files.
       This files are in the .gpl format.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/patterns - basic set of patterns for use in GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/patterns - user created and installed gimp pattern
       files. This files are in the .pat format.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/gradients - standard system wide set of gradient

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gradients - user created and installed gradient files.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/scripts - system wide directory of scripts used in
       Script-Fu and other scripting extensions.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/scripts - user created and installed scripts.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/gflares - system wide directory used by the gflare

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gflares - user created and installed gflare files.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/gfig - system wide directory used by the gfig plug-

       $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gfig - user created and installed gfig files.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-splash.png - the default image used for
       the GIMP splash screen.

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-logo.png - image used in the GIMP about

       /usr/share/gimp/2.0/tips/gimp-tips.xml - tips as displayed in the "Tip
       of the Day" dialog box.

       GIMP comes with a default image for the splash screen but it allows
       system administrators and users to customize the splash screen by
       providing other images. The image to be used with the splash screen is
       chosen as follows:

       1.     GIMP tries to load a random splash screen from the directory

       2.     It then falls back to using $HOME/.gimp-2.2/gimp-splash.png.

       3.     If the user didn't install any custom splash images, a random
              image is picked from /usr/share/gimp/2.0/splashes.

       4.     As a last resort, GIMP uses the default splash image located at

       Any bugs found should be reported to the online bug-tracking system
       available on the web at Before reporting
       bugs, please check to see if the bug has already been reported.

       When reporting GIMP bugs, it is important to include a reliable way to
       reproduce the bug, version number of GIMP (and probably GTK), OS name
       and version, and any relevant hardware specs. If a bug is causing a
       crash, it is very useful if a stack trace can be provided. And of
       course, patches to rectify the bug are even better.

       The canonical place to find GIMP info is at  Here
       you can find links to just about many other GIMP sites, tutorials, data
       sets, mailing list archives, and more.

       There is also a GIMP User Manual available at
       that goes into much more detail about the interactive use of GIMP.

       The latest version of GIMP and the GTK+ libs is always available at

       Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis.

       With patches, fixes, plugins, extensions, scripts, translations,
       documentation, and more from lots and lots of people all over the

       gimprc(5), gimptool(1), gimp-remote(1)

Version 2.2.13                   March 23 2004                         GIMP(1)