GIT-P4(1)                          Git Manual                          GIT-P4(1)

       git-p4 - Import from and submit to Perforce repositories

       git p4 clone [<sync options>] [<clone options>] <p4 depot path>...
       git p4 sync [<sync options>] [<p4 depot path>...]
       git p4 rebase
       git p4 submit [<submit options>] [<master branch name>]

       This command provides a way to interact with p4 repositories using Git.

       Create a new Git repository from an existing p4 repository using git p4
       clone, giving it one or more p4 depot paths. Incorporate new commits from
       p4 changes with git p4 sync. The sync command is also used to include new
       branches from other p4 depot paths. Submit Git changes back to p4 using
       git p4 submit. The command git p4 rebase does a sync plus rebases the
       current branch onto the updated p4 remote branch.

       •   Clone a repository:

               $ git p4 clone //depot/path/project

       •   Do some work in the newly created Git repository:

               $ cd project
               $ vi foo.h
               $ git commit -a -m "edited foo.h"

       •   Update the Git repository with recent changes from p4, rebasing your
           work on top:

               $ git p4 rebase

       •   Submit your commits back to p4:

               $ git p4 submit

       Generally, git p4 clone is used to create a new Git directory from an
       existing p4 repository:

           $ git p4 clone //depot/path/project


        1. Creates an empty Git repository in a subdirectory called project.

        2. Imports the full contents of the head revision from the given p4
           depot path into a single commit in the Git branch

        3. Creates a local branch, master from this remote and checks it out.

       To reproduce the entire p4 history in Git, use the @all modifier on the
       depot path:

           $ git p4 clone //depot/path/project@all

       As development continues in the p4 repository, those changes can be
       included in the Git repository using:

           $ git p4 sync

       This command finds new changes in p4 and imports them as Git commits.

       P4 repositories can be added to an existing Git repository using git p4
       sync too:

           $ mkdir repo-git
           $ cd repo-git
           $ git init
           $ git p4 sync //path/in/your/perforce/depot

       This imports the specified depot into refs/remotes/p4/master in an
       existing Git repository. The --branch option can be used to specify a
       different branch to be used for the p4 content.

       If a Git repository includes branches refs/remotes/origin/p4, these will
       be fetched and consulted first during a git p4 sync. Since importing
       directly from p4 is considerably slower than pulling changes from a Git
       remote, this can be useful in a multi-developer environment.

       If there are multiple branches, doing git p4 sync will automatically use
       the "BRANCH DETECTION" algorithm to try to partition new changes into the
       right branch. This can be overridden with the --branch option to specify
       just a single branch to update.

       A common working pattern is to fetch the latest changes from the p4 depot
       and merge them with local uncommitted changes. Often, the p4 repository
       is the ultimate location for all code, thus a rebase workflow makes
       sense. This command does git p4 sync followed by git rebase to move local
       commits on top of updated p4 changes.

           $ git p4 rebase

       Submitting changes from a Git repository back to the p4 repository
       requires a separate p4 client workspace. This should be specified using
       the P4CLIENT environment variable or the Git configuration variable
       git-p4.client. The p4 client must exist, but the client root will be
       created and populated if it does not already exist.

       To submit all changes that are in the current Git branch but not in the
       p4/master branch, use:

           $ git p4 submit

       To specify a branch other than the current one, use:

           $ git p4 submit topicbranch

       To specify a single commit or a range of commits, use:

           $ git p4 submit --commit <sha1>
           $ git p4 submit --commit <sha1..sha1>

       The upstream reference is generally refs/remotes/p4/master, but can be
       overridden using the --origin= command-line option.

       The p4 changes will be created as the user invoking git p4 submit. The
       --preserve-user option will cause ownership to be modified according to
       the author of the Git commit. This option requires admin privileges in
       p4, which can be granted using p4 protect.

       To shelve changes instead of submitting, use --shelve and

           $ git p4 submit --shelve
           $ git p4 submit --update-shelve 1234 --update-shelve 2345

       Unshelving will take a shelved P4 changelist, and produce the equivalent
       git commit in the branch refs/remotes/p4-unshelved/<changelist>.

       The git commit is created relative to the current origin revision (HEAD
       by default). A parent commit is created based on the origin, and then the
       unshelve commit is created based on that.

       The origin revision can be changed with the "--origin" option.

       If the target branch in refs/remotes/p4-unshelved already exists, the old
       one will be renamed.

           $ git p4 sync
           $ git p4 unshelve 12345
           $ git show p4-unshelved/12345
           <submit more changes via p4 to the same files>
           $ git p4 unshelve 12345
           <refuses to unshelve until git is in sync with p4 again>

   General options
       All commands except clone accept these options.

       --git-dir <dir>
           Set the GIT_DIR environment variable. See git(1).

       -v, --verbose
           Provide more progress information.

   Sync options
       These options can be used in the initial clone as well as in subsequent
       sync operations.

       --branch <ref>
           Import changes into <ref> instead of refs/remotes/p4/master. If <ref>
           starts with refs/, it is used as is. Otherwise, if it does not start
           with p4/, that prefix is added.

           By default a <ref> not starting with refs/ is treated as the name of
           a remote-tracking branch (under refs/remotes/). This behavior can be
           modified using the --import-local option.

           The default <ref> is "master".

           This example imports a new remote "p4/proj2" into an existing Git

                   $ git init
                   $ git p4 sync --branch=refs/remotes/p4/proj2 //depot/proj2

           Use the branch detection algorithm to find new paths in p4. It is
           documented below in "BRANCH DETECTION".

       --changesfile <file>
           Import exactly the p4 change numbers listed in file, one per line.
           Normally, git p4 inspects the current p4 repository state and detects
           the changes it should import.

           Do not print any progress information.

           Query p4 for labels associated with the depot paths, and add them as
           tags in Git. Limited usefulness as only imports labels associated
           with new changelists. Deprecated.

           Import labels from p4 into Git.

           By default, p4 branches are stored in refs/remotes/p4/, where they
           will be treated as remote-tracking branches by git-branch(1) and
           other commands. This option instead puts p4 branches in
           refs/heads/p4/. Note that future sync operations must specify
           --import-local as well so that they can find the p4 branches in

       --max-changes <n>
           Import at most n changes, rather than the entire range of changes
           included in the given revision specifier. A typical usage would be
           use @all as the revision specifier, but then to use --max-changes
           1000 to import only the last 1000 revisions rather than the entire
           revision history.

       --changes-block-size <n>
           The internal block size to use when converting a revision specifier
           such as @all into a list of specific change numbers. Instead of using
           a single call to p4 changes to find the full list of changes for the
           conversion, there are a sequence of calls to p4 changes -m, each of
           which requests one block of changes of the given size. The default
           block size is 500, which should usually be suitable.

           The mapping of file names from the p4 depot path to Git, by default,
           involves removing the entire depot path. With this option, the full
           p4 depot path is retained in Git. For example, path
           //depot/main/foo/bar.c, when imported from //depot/main/, becomes
           foo/bar.c. With --keep-path, the Git path is instead

           Use a client spec to find the list of interesting files in p4. See
           the "CLIENT SPEC" section below.

       -/ <path>
           Exclude selected depot paths when cloning or syncing.

   Clone options
       These options can be used in an initial clone, along with the sync
       options described above.

       --destination <directory>
           Where to create the Git repository. If not provided, the last
           component in the p4 depot path is used to create a new directory.

           Perform a bare clone. See git-clone(1).

   Submit options
       These options can be used to modify git p4 submit behavior.

       --origin <commit>
           Upstream location from which commits are identified to submit to p4.
           By default, this is the most recent p4 commit reachable from HEAD.

           Detect renames. See git-diff(1). Renames will be represented in p4
           using explicit move operations. There is no corresponding option to
           detect copies, but there are variables for both moves and copies.

           Re-author p4 changes before submitting to p4. This option requires p4
           admin privileges.

           Export tags from Git as p4 labels. Tags found in Git are applied to
           the perforce working directory.

       -n, --dry-run
           Show just what commits would be submitted to p4; do not change state
           in Git or p4.

           Apply a commit to the p4 workspace, opening, adding and deleting
           files in p4 as for a normal submit operation. Do not issue the final
           "p4 submit", but instead print a message about how to submit manually
           or revert. This option always stops after the first (oldest) commit.
           Git tags are not exported to p4.

           Instead of submitting create a series of shelved changelists. After
           creating each shelve, the relevant files are reverted/deleted. If you
           have multiple commits pending multiple shelves will be created.

       --update-shelve CHANGELIST
           Update an existing shelved changelist with this commit. Implies
           --shelve. Repeat for multiple shelved changelists.

           Conflicts can occur when applying a commit to p4. When this happens,
           the default behavior ("ask") is to prompt whether to skip this commit
           and continue, or quit. This option can be used to bypass the prompt,
           causing conflicting commits to be automatically skipped, or to quit
           trying to apply commits, without prompting.

       --branch <branch>
           After submitting, sync this named branch instead of the default
           p4/master. See the "Sync options" section above for more information.

       --commit <sha1>|<sha1..sha1>
           Submit only the specified commit or range of commits, instead of the
           full list of changes that are in the current Git branch.

           Disable the automatic rebase after all commits have been successfully
           submitted. Can also be set with git-p4.disableRebase.

           Disable the automatic sync of p4/master from Perforce after commits
           have been submitted. Implies --disable-rebase. Can also be set with
           git-p4.disableP4Sync. Sync with origin/master still goes ahead if

       The p4-pre-submit hook is executed if it exists and is executable. The
       hook takes no parameters and nothing from standard input. Exiting with
       non-zero status from this script prevents git-p4 submit from launching.
       It can be bypassed with the --no-verify command line option.

       One usage scenario is to run unit tests in the hook.

       The p4-prepare-changelist hook is executed right after preparing the
       default changelist message and before the editor is started. It takes one
       parameter, the name of the file that contains the changelist text.
       Exiting with a non-zero status from the script will abort the process.

       The purpose of the hook is to edit the message file in place, and it is
       not supressed by the --no-verify option. This hook is called even if
       --prepare-p4-only is set.

       The p4-changelist hook is executed after the changelist message has been
       edited by the user. It can be bypassed with the --no-verify option. It
       takes a single parameter, the name of the file that holds the proposed
       changelist text. Exiting with a non-zero status causes the command to

       The hook is allowed to edit the changelist file and can be used to
       normalize the text into some project standard format. It can also be used
       to refuse the Submit after inspect the message file.

       The p4-post-changelist hook is invoked after the submit has successfully
       occurred in P4. It takes no parameters and is meant primarily for
       notification and cannot affect the outcome of the git p4 submit action.

   Rebase options
       These options can be used to modify git p4 rebase behavior.

           Import p4 labels.

   Unshelve options
           Sets the git refspec against which the shelved P4 changelist is
           compared. Defaults to p4/master.

       The p4 depot path argument to git p4 sync and git p4 clone can be one or
       more space-separated p4 depot paths, with an optional p4 revision
       specifier on the end:

           Import one commit with all files in the #head change under that tree.

           Import one commit for each change in the history of that depot path.

           Import only changes 1 through 6.

       "//depot/proj1@all //depot/proj2@all"
           Import all changes from both named depot paths into a single
           repository. Only files below these directories are included. There is
           not a subdirectory in Git for each "proj1" and "proj2". You must use
           the --destination option when specifying more than one depot path.
           The revision specifier must be specified identically on each depot
           path. If there are files in the depot paths with the same name, the
           path with the most recently updated version of the file is the one
           that appears in Git.

       See p4 help revisions for the full syntax of p4 revision specifiers.

       The p4 client specification is maintained with the p4 client command and
       contains among other fields, a View that specifies how the depot is
       mapped into the client repository. The clone and sync commands can
       consult the client spec when given the --use-client-spec option or when
       the useClientSpec variable is true. After git p4 clone, the useClientSpec
       variable is automatically set in the repository configuration file. This
       allows future git p4 submit commands to work properly; the submit command
       looks only at the variable and does not have a command-line option.

       The full syntax for a p4 view is documented in p4 help views. git p4
       knows only a subset of the view syntax. It understands multi-line
       mappings, overlays with +, exclusions with - and double-quotes around
       whitespace. Of the possible wildcards, git p4 only handles ..., and only
       when it is at the end of the path. git p4 will complain if it encounters
       an unhandled wildcard.

       Bugs in the implementation of overlap mappings exist. If multiple depot
       paths map through overlays to the same location in the repository, git p4
       can choose the wrong one. This is hard to solve without dedicating a
       client spec just for git p4.

       The name of the client can be given to git p4 in multiple ways. The
       variable git-p4.client takes precedence if it exists. Otherwise, normal
       p4 mechanisms of determining the client are used: environment variable
       P4CLIENT, a file referenced by P4CONFIG, or the local host name.

       P4 does not have the same concept of a branch as Git. Instead, p4
       organizes its content as a directory tree, where by convention different
       logical branches are in different locations in the tree. The p4 branch
       command is used to maintain mappings between different areas in the tree,
       and indicate related content. git p4 can use these mappings to determine
       branch relationships.

       If you have a repository where all the branches of interest exist as
       subdirectories of a single depot path, you can use --detect-branches when
       cloning or syncing to have git p4 automatically find subdirectories in
       p4, and to generate these as branches in Git.

       For example, if the P4 repository structure is:


       And "p4 branch -o branch1" shows a View line that looks like:

           //depot/main/... //depot/branch1/...

       Then this git p4 clone command:

           git p4 clone --detect-branches //depot@all

       produces a separate branch in refs/remotes/p4/ for //depot/main, called
       master, and one for //depot/branch1 called depot/branch1.

       However, it is not necessary to create branches in p4 to be able to use
       them like branches. Because it is difficult to infer branch relationships
       automatically, a Git configuration setting git-p4.branchList can be used
       to explicitly identify branch relationships. It is a list of
       "source:destination" pairs, like a simple p4 branch specification, where
       the "source" and "destination" are the path elements in the p4
       repository. The example above relied on the presence of the p4 branch.
       Without p4 branches, the same result will occur with:

           git init depot
           cd depot
           git config git-p4.branchList main:branch1
           git p4 clone --detect-branches //depot@all .

       The fast-import mechanism used by git p4 creates one pack file for each
       invocation of git p4 sync. Normally, Git garbage compression (git-gc(1))
       automatically compresses these to fewer pack files, but explicit
       invocation of git repack -adf may improve performance.

       The following config settings can be used to modify git p4 behavior. They
       all are in the git-p4 section.

   General variables
           User specified as an option to all p4 commands, with -u <user>. The
           environment variable P4USER can be used instead.

           Password specified as an option to all p4 commands, with -P
           <password>. The environment variable P4PASS can be used instead.

           Port specified as an option to all p4 commands, with -p <port>. The
           environment variable P4PORT can be used instead.
           Host specified as an option to all p4 commands, with -h <host>. The
           environment variable P4HOST can be used instead.

           Client specified as an option to all p4 commands, with -c <client>,
           including the client spec.

           Specifies the number of times to retry a p4 command (notably, p4
           sync) if the network times out. The default value is 3. Set the value
           to 0 to disable retries or if your p4 version does not support
           retries (pre 2012.2).

   Clone and sync variables
           Because importing commits from other Git repositories is much faster
           than importing them from p4, a mechanism exists to find p4 changes
           first in Git remotes. If branches exist under refs/remote/origin/p4,
           those will be fetched and used when syncing from p4. This variable
           can be set to false to disable this behavior.

           One phase in branch detection involves looking at p4 branches to find
           new ones to import. By default, all branches are inspected. This
           option limits the search to just those owned by the single user named
           in the variable.

           List of branches to be imported when branch detection is enabled.
           Each entry should be a pair of branch names separated by a colon (:).
           This example declares that both branchA and branchB were created from

               git config       git-p4.branchList main:branchA
               git config --add git-p4.branchList main:branchB

           List of p4 labels to ignore. This is built automatically as
           unimportable labels are discovered.

           Import p4 labels into git, as per --import-labels.

           Only p4 labels matching this regular expression will be imported. The
           default value is [a-zA-Z0-9_\-.]+$.

           Specify that the p4 client spec should be used to identify p4 depot
           paths of interest. This is equivalent to specifying the option
           --use-client-spec. See the "CLIENT SPEC" section above. This variable
           is a boolean, not the name of a p4 client.

           Perforce keeps the encoding of a path as given by the originating OS.
           Git expects paths encoded as UTF-8. Use this config to tell git-p4
           what encoding Perforce had used for the paths. This encoding is used
           to transcode the paths to UTF-8. As an example, Perforce on Windows
           often uses "cp1252" to encode path names.

           Specify the system that is used for large (binary) files. Please note
           that large file systems do not support the git p4 submit command.
           Only Git LFS is implemented right now (see
  for more information). Download and
           install the Git LFS command line extension to use this option and
           configure it like this:

               git config       git-p4.largeFileSystem GitLFS

           All files matching a file extension in the list will be processed by
           the large file system. Do not prefix the extensions with ..

           All files with an uncompressed size exceeding the threshold will be
           processed by the large file system. By default the threshold is
           defined in bytes. Add the suffix k, m, or g to change the unit.

           All files with a compressed size exceeding the threshold will be
           processed by the large file system. This option might slow down your
           clone/sync process. By default the threshold is defined in bytes. Add
           the suffix k, m, or g to change the unit.

           Boolean variable which defines if large files are automatically
           pushed to a server.

           A changelist that contains only excluded files will be imported as an
           empty commit if this boolean option is set to true.

           Map a P4 user to a name and email address in Git. Use a string with
           the following format to create a mapping:

               git config --add git-p4.mapUser "p4user = First Last <>"

           A mapping will override any user information from P4. Mappings for
           multiple P4 user can be defined.

   Submit variables
           Detect renames. See git-diff(1). This can be true, false, or a score
           as expected by git diff -M.

           Detect copies. See git-diff(1). This can be true, false, or a score
           as expected by git diff -C.

           Detect copies harder. See git-diff(1). A boolean.

           On submit, re-author changes to reflect the Git author, regardless of
           who invokes git p4 submit.

           When preserveUser is true, git p4 normally dies if it cannot find an
           author in the p4 user map. This setting submits the change

           The submit process invokes the editor before each p4 change is
           submitted. If this setting is true, though, the editing step is

           After editing the p4 change message, git p4 makes sure that the
           description really was changed by looking at the file modification
           time. This option disables that test.

           By default, any branch can be used as the source for a git p4 submit
           operation. This configuration variable, if set, permits only the
           named branches to be used as submit sources. Branch names must be the
           short names (no "refs/heads/"), and should be separated by commas
           (","), with no spaces.

           If the user running git p4 submit does not exist in the p4 user map,
           git p4 exits. This option can be used to force submission regardless.

           If enabled, git p4 submit will attempt to cleanup RCS keywords
           ($Header$, etc). These would otherwise cause merge conflicts and
           prevent the submit going ahead. This option should be considered
           experimental at present.

           Export Git tags to p4 labels, as per --export-labels.

           Only p4 labels matching this regular expression will be exported. The
           default value is [a-zA-Z0-9_\-.]+$.

           Specify submit behavior when a conflict with p4 is found, as per
           --conflict. The default behavior is ask.

           Do not rebase the tree against p4/master following a submit.

           Do not sync p4/master with Perforce following a submit. Implies

       •   Changesets from p4 are imported using Git fast-import.

       •   Cloning or syncing does not require a p4 client; file contents are
           collected using p4 print.

       •   Submitting requires a p4 client, which is not in the same location as
           the Git repository. Patches are applied, one at a time, to this p4
           client and submitted from there.

       •   Each commit imported by git p4 has a line at the end of the log
           message indicating the p4 depot location and change number. This line
           is used by later git p4 sync operations to know which p4 changes are

Git 2.30.0                         12/28/2020                          GIT-P4(1)