GIT-REMOTE-HELPERS(1)             Git Manual             GIT-REMOTE-HELPERS(1)

       git-remote-helpers - Helper programs to interact with remote

       git remote-<transport> <repository> [<URL>]

       Remote helper programs are normally not used directly by end users, but
       they are invoked by git when it needs to interact with remote
       repositories git does not support natively. A given helper will
       implement a subset of the capabilities documented here. When git needs
       to interact with a repository using a remote helper, it spawns the
       helper as an independent process, sends commands to the helper’s
       standard input, and expects results from the helper’s standard output.
       Because a remote helper runs as an independent process from git, there
       is no need to re-link git to add a new helper, nor any need to link the
       helper with the implementation of git.

       Every helper must support the "capabilities" command, which git will
       use to determine what other commands the helper will accept. Other
       commands generally concern facilities like discovering and updating
       remote refs, transporting objects between the object database and the
       remote repository, and updating the local object store.

       Helpers supporting the fetch capability can discover refs from the
       remote repository and transfer objects reachable from those refs to the
       local object store. Helpers supporting the push capability can transfer
       local objects to the remote repository and update remote refs.

       Git comes with a "curl" family of remote helpers, that handle various
       transport protocols, such as git-remote-http, git-remote-https,
       git-remote-ftp and git-remote-ftps. They implement the capabilities
       fetch, option, and push.

       Remote helper programs are invoked with one or (optionally) two
       arguments. The first argument specifies a remote repository as in git;
       it is either the name of a configured remote or a URL. The second
       argument specifies a URL; it is usually of the form
       <transport>://<address>, but any arbitrary string is possible.

       When git encounters a URL of the form <transport>://<address>, where
       <transport> is a protocol that it cannot handle natively, it
       automatically invokes git remote-<transport> with the full URL as the
       second argument. If such a URL is encountered directly on the command
       line, the first argument is the same as the second, and if it is
       encountered in a configured remote, the first argument is the name of
       that remote.

       A URL of the form <transport>::<address> explicitly instructs git to
       invoke git remote-<transport> with <address> as the second argument. If
       such a URL is encountered directly on the command line, the first
       argument is <address>, and if it is encountered in a configured remote,
       the first argument is the name of that remote.

       Additionally, when a configured remote has remote.<name>.vcs set to
       <transport>, git explicitly invokes git remote-<transport> with <name>
       as the first argument. If set, the second argument is
       remote.<name>.url; otherwise, the second argument is omitted.

       Commands are given by the caller on the helper’s standard input, one
       per line.

           Lists the capabilities of the helper, one per line, ending with a
           blank line. Each capability may be preceded with *, which marks
           them mandatory for git version using the remote helper to
           understand (unknown mandatory capability is fatal error).

           Lists the refs, one per line, in the format "<value> <name> [<attr>
           ...]". The value may be a hex sha1 hash, "@<dest>" for a symref, or
           "?" to indicate that the helper could not get the value of the ref.
           A space-separated list of attributes follows the name; unrecognized
           attributes are ignored. The list ends with a blank line.

           If push is supported this may be called as list for-push to obtain
           the current refs prior to sending one or more push commands to the

       option <name> <value>
           Sets the transport helper option <name> to <value>. Outputs a
           single line containing one of ok (option successfully set),
           unsupported (option not recognized) or error <msg> (option <name>
           is supported but <value> is not valid for it). Options should be
           set before other commands, and may influence the behavior of those

           Supported if the helper has the "option" capability.

       fetch <sha1> <name>
           Fetches the given object, writing the necessary objects to the
           database. Fetch commands are sent in a batch, one per line,
           terminated with a blank line. Outputs a single blank line when all
           fetch commands in the same batch are complete. Only objects which
           were reported in the ref list with a sha1 may be fetched this way.

           Optionally may output a lock <file> line indicating a file under
           GIT_DIR/objects/pack which is keeping a pack until refs can be
           suitably updated.

           Supported if the helper has the "fetch" capability.

       push +<src>:<dst>
           Pushes the given local <src> commit or branch to the remote branch
           described by <dst>. A batch sequence of one or more push commands
           is terminated with a blank line.

           Zero or more protocol options may be entered after the last push
           command, before the batch’s terminating blank line.

           When the push is complete, outputs one or more ok <dst> or error
           <dst> <why>?  lines to indicate success or failure of each pushed
           ref. The status report output is terminated by a blank line. The
           option field <why> may be quoted in a C style string if it contains
           an LF.

           Supported if the helper has the "push" capability.

       import <name>
           Produces a fast-import stream which imports the current value of
           the named ref. It may additionally import other refs as needed to
           construct the history efficiently. The script writes to a
           helper-specific private namespace. The value of the named ref
           should be written to a location in this namespace derived by
           applying the refspecs from the "refspec" capability to the name of
           the ref.

           Especially useful for interoperability with a foreign versioning

           Supported if the helper has the "import" capability.

       connect <service>
           Connects to given service. Standard input and standard output of
           helper are connected to specified service (git prefix is included
           in service name so e.g. fetching uses git-upload-pack as service)
           on remote side. Valid replies to this command are empty line
           (connection established), fallback (no smart transport support,
           fall back to dumb transports) and just exiting with error message
           printed (can’t connect, don’t bother trying to fall back). After
           line feed terminating the positive (empty) response, the output of
           service starts. After the connection ends, the remote helper exits.

           Supported if the helper has the "connect" capability.

       If a fatal error occurs, the program writes the error message to stderr
       and exits. The caller should expect that a suitable error message has
       been printed if the child closes the connection without completing a
       valid response for the current command.

       Additional commands may be supported, as may be determined from
       capabilities reported by the helper.

       fetch, option, push, import, connect
           This helper supports the corresponding command with the same name.

       refspec spec
           When using the import command, expect the source ref to have been
           written to the destination ref. The earliest applicable refspec
           takes precedence. For example
           "refs/heads/:refs/svn/origin/branches/" means that, after an
           "import refs/heads/name", the script has written to
           refs/svn/origin/branches/name. If this capability is used at all,
           it must cover all refs reported by the list command; if it is not
           used, it is effectively ":"

           The caller wants to use the ref list to prepare push commands. A
           helper might chose to acquire the ref list by opening a different
           type of connection to the destination.

           This ref is unchanged since the last import or fetch, although the
           helper cannot necessarily determine what value that produced.

       option verbosity <N>
           Changes the verbosity of messages displayed by the helper. A value
           of 0 for N means that processes operate quietly, and the helper
           produces only error output. 1 is the default level of verbosity,
           and higher values of N correspond to the number of -v flags passed
           on the command line.

       option progress {true|false}
           Enables (or disables) progress messages displayed by the transport
           helper during a command.

       option depth <depth>
           Deepens the history of a shallow repository.

       option followtags {true|false}
           If enabled the helper should automatically fetch annotated tag
           objects if the object the tag points at was transferred during the
           fetch command. If the tag is not fetched by the helper a second
           fetch command will usually be sent to ask for the tag specifically.
           Some helpers may be able to use this option to avoid a second
           network connection.

       option dry-run {true|false}: If true, pretend the operation completed
       successfully, but don’t actually change any repository data. For most
       helpers this only applies to the push, if supported.

       option servpath <c-style-quoted-path>
           Sets service path (--upload-pack, --receive-pack etc.) for next
           connect. Remote helper may support this option, but must not rely
           on this option being set before connect request occurs.


       Documentation by Daniel Barkalow and Ilari Liusvaara

       Part of the git(1) suite

Git 1.7.1                         03/04/2013             GIT-REMOTE-HELPERS(1)