git‐replace − Create, list, delete refs to replace objects

git replace [−f] <object> <replacement>
git replace [−f] −−edit <object>
git replace [−f] −−graft <commit> [<parent>...]
git replace [−f] −−convert−graft−file
git replace −d <object>...
git replace [−−format=<format>] [−l [<pattern>]]

Adds a replace reference in refs/replace/ namespace.

The name of the replace reference is the SHA−1 of the object
that is replaced. The content of the replace reference is
the SHA−1 of the replacement object.

The replaced object and the replacement object must be of
the same type. This restriction can be bypassed using −f.

Unless −f is given, the replace reference must not yet

There is no other restriction on the replaced and
replacement objects. Merge commits can be replaced by
non−merge commits and vice versa.

Replacement references will be used by default by all Git
commands except those doing reachability traversal (prune,
pack transfer and fsck).

It is possible to disable use of replacement references for
any command using the −−no−replace−objects option just after

For example if commit foo has been replaced by commit bar:

     $ git −−no−replace−objects cat−file commit foo

shows information about commit foo, while:

     $ git cat−file commit foo

shows information about commit bar.

The GIT_NO_REPLACE_OBJECTS environment variable can be set
to achieve the same effect as the −−no−replace−objects


     −f, −−force
     If an existing replace ref for the same object exists,
     it will be overwritten (instead of failing).

     −d, −−delete
     Delete existing replace refs for the given objects.

     −−edit <object>
     Edit an object’s content interactively. The existing
     content for <object> is pretty−printed into a temporary
     file, an editor is launched on the file, and the result
     is parsed to create a new object of the same type as
     <object>. A replacement ref is then created to replace
     <object> with the newly created object. See git‐var(1)
     for details about how the editor will be chosen.

     When editing, provide the raw object contents rather
     than pretty−printed ones. Currently this only affects
     trees, which will be shown in their binary form. This
     is harder to work with, but can help when repairing a
     tree that is so corrupted it cannot be pretty−printed.
     Note that you may need to configure your editor to
     cleanly read and write binary data.

     −−graft <commit> [<parent>...]
     Create a graft commit. A new commit is created with the
     same content as <commit> except that its parents will
     be [<parent>...] instead of <commit>'s parents. A
     replacement ref is then created to replace <commit>
     with the newly created commit. Use −−convert−graft−file
     to convert a $GIT_DIR/info/grafts file and use replace
     refs instead.

     Creates graft commits for all entries in
     $GIT_DIR/info/grafts and deletes that file upon
     success. The purpose is to help users with
     transitioning off of the now−deprecated graft file.

     −l <pattern>, −−list <pattern>
     List replace refs for objects that match the given
     pattern (or all if no pattern is given). Typing "git
     replace" without arguments, also lists all replace

     When listing, use the specified <format>, which can be
     one of short, medium and long. When omitted, the format
     defaults to short.


The following format are available:short: <replaced sha1>

 •   medium: <replaced sha1> → <replacement sha1>

 •   long: <replaced sha1> (<replaced type>) → <replacement
     sha1> (<replacement type>)

git‐hash‐object(1), git‐rebase(1), and git−filter−repo[1],
among other git commands, can be used to create replacement
objects from existing objects. The −−edit option can also be
used with git replace to create a replacement object by
editing an existing object.

If you want to replace many blobs, trees or commits that are
part of a string of commits, you may just want to create a
replacement string of commits and then only replace the
commit at the tip of the target string of commits with the
commit at the tip of the replacement string of commits.

Comparing blobs or trees that have been replaced with those
that replace them will not work properly. And using git
reset −−hard to go back to a replaced commit will move the
branch to the replacement commit instead of the replaced

There may be other problems when using git rev−list related
to pending objects.

git‐hash‐object(1) git‐rebase(1) git‐tag(1) git‐branch(1)
git‐commit(1) git‐var(1) git(1) git−filter−repo[1]

Part of the git(1) suite

 1. git‐filter‐repo‐filter‐repo