git‐restore − Restore working tree files

git restore [<options>] [−−source=<tree>] [−−staged] [−−worktree] <pathspec>...
git restore (−p|−−patch) [<options>] [−−source=<tree>] [−−staged] [−−worktree] [<pathspec>...]

Restore specified paths in the working tree with some
contents from a restore source. If a path is tracked but
does not exist in the restore source, it will be removed to
match the source.

The command can also be used to restore the content in the
index with −−staged, or restore both the working tree and
the index with −−staged −−worktree.

By default, the restore sources for working tree and the
index are the index and HEAD respectively. −−source could be
used to specify a commit as the restore source.

See "Reset, restore and revert" in git(1) for the
differences between the three commands.


     −s <tree>, −−source=<tree>
     Restore the working tree files with the content from
     the given tree. It is common to specify the source tree
     by naming a commit, branch or tag associated with it.

     If not specified, the default restore source for the
     working tree is the index, and the default restore
     source for the index is HEAD. When both −−staged and
     −−worktree are specified, −−source must also be

     −p, −−patch
     Interactively select hunks in the difference between
     the restore source and the restore location. See the
     “Interactive Mode” section of git‐add(1) to learn how
     to operate the −−patch mode.

     Note that −−patch can accept no pathspec and will
     prompt to restore all modified paths.

     −W, −−worktree, −S, −−staged
     Specify the restore location. If neither option is
     specified, by default the working tree is restored.
     Specifying −−staged will only restore the index.


     Specifying both restores both.

     −q, −−quiet
     Quiet, suppress feedback messages. Implies

     −−progress, −−no−progress
     Progress status is reported on the standard error
     stream by default when it is attached to a terminal,
     unless −−quiet is specified. This flag enables progress
     reporting even if not attached to a terminal,
     regardless of −−quiet.

     −−ours, −−theirs
     When restoring files in the working tree from the
     index, use stage #2 (ours) or #3 (theirs) for unmerged

     Note that during git rebase and git pull −−rebase, ours
     and theirs may appear swapped. See the explanation of
     the same options in git‐checkout(1) for details.

     −m, −−merge
     When restoring files on the working tree from the
     index, recreate the conflicted merge in the unmerged

     The same as −−merge option above, but changes the way
     the conflicting hunks are presented, overriding the
     merge.conflictStyle configuration variable. Possible
     values are "merge" (default) and "diff3" (in addition
     to what is shown by "merge" style, shows the original

     When restoring files on the working tree from the
     index, do not abort the operation if there are unmerged
     entries and neither −−ours, −−theirs, −−merge or
     −−conflict is specified. Unmerged paths on the working
     tree are left alone.

     In sparse checkout mode, by default is to only update
     entries matched by <pathspec> and sparse patterns in
     $GIT_DIR/info/sparse−checkout. This option ignores the
     sparse patterns and unconditionally restores any files
     in <pathspec>.

     −−overlay, −−no−overlay
     In overlay mode, the command never removes files when
     restoring. In no−overlay mode, tracked files that do
     not appear in the −−source tree are removed, to make
     them match <tree> exactly. The default is no−overlay



The following sequence switches to the master branch,
reverts the Makefile to two revisions back, deletes hello.c
by mistake, and gets it back from the index.

     $ git switch master
     $ git restore −−source master~2 Makefile  (1)
     $ rm −f hello.c
     $ git restore hello.c                     (2)

1. take a file out of another commit
2. restore hello.c from the index

If you want to restore all C source files to match the
version in the index, you can say

     $ git restore '*.c'

Note the quotes around *.c. The file hello.c will also be
restored, even though it is no longer in the working tree,
because the file globbing is used to match entries in the
index (not in the working tree by the shell).

To restore all files in the current directory

     $ git restore .

or to restore all working tree files with top pathspec magic
(see gitglossary(7))

     $ git restore :/

To restore a file in the index to match the version in HEAD
(this is the same as using git‐reset(1))

     $ git restore −−staged hello.c

or you can restore both the index and the working tree (this
the same as using git‐checkout(1))

     $ git restore −−source=HEAD −−staged −−worktree hello.c

or the short form which is more practical but less readable:

     $ git restore −s@ −SW hello.c


git‐checkout(1), git‐reset(1)

Part of the git(1) suite