git‐switch − Switch branches

git switch [<options>] [−−no−guess] <branch>
git switch [<options>] −−detach [<start−point>]
git switch [<options>] (−c|−C) <new−branch> [<start−point>]
git switch [<options>] −−orphan <new−branch>

Switch to a specified branch. The working tree and the index
are updated to match the branch. All new commits will be
added to the tip of this branch.

Optionally a new branch could be created with either −c, −C,
automatically from a remote branch of same name (see
−−guess), or detach the working tree from any branch with
−−detach, along with switching.

Switching branches does not require a clean index and
working tree (i.e. no differences compared to HEAD). The
operation is aborted however if the operation leads to loss
of local changes, unless told otherwise with
−−discard−changes or −−merge.


     Branch to switch to.

     Name for the new branch.

     The starting point for the new branch. Specifying a
     <start−point> allows you to create a branch based on
     some other point in history than where HEAD currently
     points. (Or, in the case of −−detach, allows you to
     inspect and detach from some other point.)

     You can use the @{−N} syntax to refer to the N−th last
     branch/commit switched to using "git switch" or "git
     checkout" operation. You may also specify which is
     synonymous to @{−1}. This is often used to switch
     quickly between two branches, or to undo a branch
     switch by mistake.

     As a special case, you may use A...B as a shortcut for
     the merge base of A and B if there is exactly one merge
     base. You can leave out at most one of A and B, in


     which case it defaults to HEAD.

     −c <new−branch>, −−create <new−branch>
     Create a new branch named <new−branch> starting at
     <start−point> before switching to the branch. This is a
     convenient shortcut for:

          $ git branch <new−branch>
          $ git switch <new−branch>

     −C <new−branch>, −−force−create <new−branch>
     Similar to −−create except that if <new−branch> already
     exists, it will be reset to <start−point>. This is a
     convenient shortcut for:

          $ git branch −f <new−branch>
          $ git switch <new−branch>

     −d, −−detach
     Switch to a commit for inspection and discardable
     experiments. See the "DETACHED HEAD" section in git‐
     checkout(1) for details.

     −−guess, −−no−guess
     If <branch> is not found but there does exist a
     tracking branch in exactly one remote (call it
     <remote>) with a matching name, treat as equivalent to

          $ git switch −c <branch> −−track <remote>/<branch>

     If the branch exists in multiple remotes and one of
     them is named by the checkout.defaultRemote
     configuration variable, we’ll use that one for the
     purposes of disambiguation, even if the <branch> isn’t
     unique across all remotes. Set it to e.g.
     checkout.defaultRemote=origin to always checkout remote
     branches from there if <branch> is ambiguous but exists
     on the origin remote. See also checkout.defaultRemote
     in git‐config(1).

     −−guess is the default behavior. Use −−no−guess to
     disable it.

     −f, −−force
     An alias for −−discard−changes.

     Proceed even if the index or the working tree differs
     from HEAD. Both the index and working tree are restored
     to match the switching target. If −−recurse−submodules
     is specified, submodule content is also restored to
     match the switching target. This is used to throw away


     local changes.

     −m, −−merge
     If you have local modifications to one or more files
     that are different between the current branch and the
     branch to which you are switching, the command refuses
     to switch branches in order to preserve your
     modifications in context. However, with this option, a
     three−way merge between the current branch, your
     working tree contents, and the new branch is done, and
     you will be on the new branch.

     When a merge conflict happens, the index entries for
     conflicting paths are left unmerged, and you need to
     resolve the conflicts and mark the resolved paths with
     git add (or git rm if the merge should result in
     deletion of the path).

     The same as −−merge option above, but changes the way
     the conflicting hunks are presented, overriding the
     merge.conflictStyle configuration variable. Possible
     values are "merge" (default) and "diff3" (in addition
     to what is shown by "merge" style, shows the original

     −q, −−quiet
     Quiet, suppress feedback messages.

     −−progress, −−no−progress
     Progress status is reported on the standard error
     stream by default when it is attached to a terminal,
     unless −−quiet is specified. This flag enables progress
     reporting even if not attached to a terminal,
     regardless of −−quiet.

     −t, −−track
     When creating a new branch, set up "upstream"
     configuration.  −c is implied. See −−track in git‐
     branch(1) for details.

     If no −c option is given, the name of the new branch
     will be derived from the remote−tracking branch, by
     looking at the local part of the refspec configured for
     the corresponding remote, and then stripping the
     initial part up to the "*". This would tell us to use
     hack as the local branch when branching off of
     origin/hack (or remotes/origin/hack, or even
     refs/remotes/origin/hack). If the given name has no
     slash, or the above guessing results in an empty name,
     the guessing is aborted. You can explicitly give a name
     with −c in such a case.


     Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
     branch.autoSetupMerge configuration variable is true.

     −−orphan <new−branch>
     Create a new orphan branch, named <new−branch>. All
     tracked files are removed.

     git switch refuses when the wanted ref is already
     checked out by another worktree. This option makes it
     check the ref out anyway. In other words, the ref can
     be held by more than one worktree.

     −−recurse−submodules, −−no−recurse−submodules
     Using −−recurse−submodules will update the content of
     all active submodules according to the commit recorded
     in the superproject. If nothing (or
     −−no−recurse−submodules) is used, submodules working
     trees will not be updated. Just like git‐submodule(1),
     this will detach HEAD of the submodules.

The following command switches to the "master" branch:

     $ git switch master

After working in the wrong branch, switching to the correct
branch would be done using:

     $ git switch mytopic

However, your "wrong" branch and correct "mytopic" branch
may differ in files that you have modified locally, in which
case the above switch would fail like this:

     $ git switch mytopic
     error: You have local changes to 'frotz'; not switching branches.

You can give the −m flag to the command, which would try a
three−way merge:

     $ git switch −m mytopic
     Auto−merging frotz

After this three−way merge, the local modifications are not
registered in your index file, so git diff would show you
what changes you made since the tip of the new branch.


To switch back to the previous branch before we switched to
mytopic (i.e. "master" branch):

     $ git switch −

You can grow a new branch from any commit. For example,
switch to "HEAD~3" and create branch "fixup":

     $ git switch −c fixup HEAD~3
     Switched to a new branch 'fixup'

If you want to start a new branch from a remote branch of
the same name:

     $ git switch new−topic
     Branch 'new−topic' set up to track remote branch 'new−topic' from 'origin'
     Switched to a new branch 'new−topic'

To check out commit HEAD~3 for temporary inspection or
experiment without creating a new branch:

     $ git switch −−detach HEAD~3
     HEAD is now at 9fc9555312 Merge branch 'cc/shared−index−permbits'

If it turns out whatever you have done is worth keeping, you
can always create a new name for it (without switching

     $ git switch −c good−surprises

git‐checkout(1), git‐branch(1)

Part of the git(1) suite