grotty

GROTTY(1)                   General Commands Manual                  GROTTY(1)



NAME
       grotty - groff driver for typewriter-like devices

SYNOPSIS
       grotty [ -bBcdfhioruUv ] [ -Fdir ] [ files... ]

       It is possible to have whitespace between the -F option and its
       parameter.

DESCRIPTION
       grotty translates the output of GNU troff into a form suitable for
       typewriter-like devices.  Normally grotty should be invoked by using
       the groff command with a -Tascii, -Tlatin1 or -Tutf8 option on ASCII
       based systems, and with -Tcp1047 and -Tutf8 on EBCDIC based hosts.  If
       no files are given, grotty reads the standard input.  A filename of -
       also causes grotty to read the standard input.  Output is written to
       the standard output.

       By default, grotty emits SGR escape sequences (from ISO 6429, also
       called ANSI color escapes) to change text attributes (bold, italic,
       colors).  This makes it possible to have eight different background and
       foreground colors; additionally, bold and italic attributes can be used
       at the same time (by using the BI font).

       The following colors are defined in tty.tmac: black, white, red, green,
       blue, yellow, magenta, cyan.  Unknown colors are mapped to the default
       color (which is dependent on the settings of the terminal; in most
       cases, this is black for the foreground and white for the background).

       Use the -c switch to revert to the old behaviour, printing a bold
       character c with the sequence `c BACKSPACE c' and an italic character c
       by the sequence `_ BACKSPACE c'.  At the same time, color output is
       disabled.  The same effect can be achieved by setting either the
       GROFF_NO_SGR environment variable or using the ‘sgr’ X command (see
       below).

       For SGR support, it is necessary to use the -R option of less(1) to
       disable the interpretation of grotty's old output format.
       Consequently, all programs which use less as the pager program have to
       pass this option to it.  For man(1) in particular, either add -R to the
       $PAGER environment variable, e.g.

              PAGER="/usr/bin/less -R"
              export PAGER

       or use the -P option of man to set the pager executable and its
       options, or modify the configuration file of man in a similar fashion.
       Note that with some man(1) versions, you have to use the $MANPAGER
       environment variable instead.

       grotty's old output format can be displayed on a terminal by piping
       through ul(1).  Pagers such as more(1) or less(1) are also able to
       display these sequences.  Use either -B or -U when piping into less(1);
       use -b when piping into more(1).  There is no need to filter the output
       through col(1) since grotty never outputs reverse line feeds.

       The font description file may contain a command

              internalname n

       where n is a decimal integer.  If the 01 bit in n is set, then the font
       is treated as an italic font; if the 02 bit is set, then it is treated
       as a bold font.  The code field in the font description field gives the
       code which is used to output the character.  This code can also be used
       in the \N escape sequence in troff.

       If the DESC file contains the keyword unicode, grotty emits Unicode
       characters in UTF-8 encoding.  Otherwise, it emits characters in a
       single-byte encoding depending on the data in the font description
       files.  See the groff_font(5) man page for more details.

OPTIONS
       -b     Suppress the use of overstriking for bold characters.  Ignored
              if -c isn't used.

       -B     Use only overstriking for bold-italic characters.  Ignored if -c
              isn't used.

       -c     Use grotty's old output format (see above).  This also disables
              color output.

       -d     Ignore all \D commands.  Without this grotty renders \D'l...'
              commands that have at least one zero argument (and so are either
              horizontal or vertical) using -, |, and + characters.  In a
              similar way, grotty handles \D'p...' commands which consist
              entirely of horizontal and vertical lines.

       -f     Use form feeds in the output.  A form feed is output at the end
              of each page that has no output on its last line.

       -Fdir  Prepend directory dir/devname to the search path for font and
              device description files; name is the name of the device,
              usually ascii, latin1, utf8, or cp1047.

       -h     Use horizontal tabs in the output.  Tabs are assumed to be set
              every 8 columns.

       -i     Use escape sequences to set the italic text attribute instead of
              the underline attribute for italic fonts (‘I’ and ‘BI’).  Note
              that most terminals (including xterm) don't support this.
              Ignored if -c is active.

       -o     Suppress overstriking (other than for bold or underlined
              characters in case the old output format has been activated with
              -c).

       -r     Use escape sequences to set the reverse text attribute instead
              of the underline attribute for italic fonts (‘I’ and ‘BI’).
              Ignored if -c is active.

       -u     Suppress the use of underlining for italic characters.  Ignored
              if -c isn't used.

       -U     Use only underlining for bold-italic characters.  Ignored if -c
              isn't used.

       -v     Print the version number.

USAGE
       grotty understands a single X command produced using the \X escape
       sequence.

       \X'tty: sgr n'
              If n is non-zero or missing, enable SGR output (this is the
              default), otherwise use the old drawing scheme for bold and
              underline.

ENVIRONMENT
       GROFF_NO_SGR
              If set, the old drawing scheme for bold and underline (using the
              backspace character) is active.  Colors are disabled.

       GROFF_FONT_PATH
              A list of directories in which to search for the devname
              directory in addition to the default ones.  See troff(1) and
              groff_font(5) for more details.

FILES
       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devascii/DESC
              Device description file for ascii device.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devascii/F
              Font description file for font F of ascii device.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devlatin1/DESC
              Device description file for latin1 device.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devlatin1/F
              Font description file for font F of latin1 device.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devutf8/DESC
              Device description file for utf8 device.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devutf8/F
              Font description file for font F of utf8 device.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devcp1047/DESC
              Device description file for cp1047 device.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/font/devcp1047/F
              Font description file for font F of cp1047 device.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/tmac/tty.tmac
              Macros for use with grotty.

       /usr/share/groff/1.22.3/tmac/tty-char.tmac
              Additional kludgy character definitions for use with grotty.

       Note that on EBCDIC hosts, only files for the cp1047 device is
       installed.

BUGS
       grotty is intended only for simple documents.

       There is no support for fractional horizontal or vertical motions.

       There is no support for \D commands other than horizontal and vertical
       lines.

       Characters above the first line (i.e. with a vertical position of 0)
       cannot be printed.

       Color handling is different compared to grops(1).  \M doesn't set the
       fill color for closed graphic objects (which grotty doesn't support
       anyway) but changes the background color of the character cell,
       affecting all subsequent operations.

SEE ALSO
       groff(1), troff(1), groff_out(5), groff_font(5), groff_char(7), ul(1),
       more(1), man(1), less(1)

COPYING
       Copyright © 1989-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

       Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
       manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
       preserved on all copies.

       Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
       manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
       entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
       permission notice identical to this one.

       Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this
       manual into another language, under the above conditions for modified
       versions, except that this permission notice may be included in
       translations approved by the Free Software Foundation instead of in the
       original English.



Groff Version 1.22.3            7 November 2018                      GROTTY(1)