httpd(8)                    System Manager's Manual                   httpd(8)

       httpd - Apache hypertext transfer protocol server

       httpd [ -X ] [ -R libexecdir ] [ -d serverroot ] [ -f config ] [ -C
       directive ] [ -c directive ] [ -D parameter ]

       httpd [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -L ] [ -v ] [ -V ] [ -S ] [ -t ] [ -T ]

       httpd is the Apache HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server program.
       It is designed to be run as a standalone daemon process. When used like
       this it will create a pool of child processes to handle requests. To
       stop it, send a TERM signal to the initial (parent) process. The PID of
       this process is written to a file as given in the configuration file.
       Alternatively httpd may be invoked by the Internet daemon inetd(8) each
       time a connection to the HTTP service is made.

       This manual page only lists the command line arguments. For details of
       the directives necessary to configure httpd see the Apache manual,
       which is part of the Apache distribution or can be found at Paths in this manual may not reflect those
       compiled into httpd.

       -R libexecdir
                   This option is only available if Apache was built with the
                   SHARED_CORE rule enabled which forces the Apache core code
                   to be placed into a dynamic shared object (DSO) file. This
                   file is searched in a hardcoded path under ServerRoot per
                   default. Use this option if you want to override it.

       -d serverroot
                   Set the initial value for the ServerRoot directive to
                   serverroot. This can be overridden by the ServerRoot
                   command in the configuration file. The default is

       -f config   Execute the commands in the file config on startup. If
                   config does not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a
                   path relative to the ServerRoot. The default is

       -C directive
                   Process the configuration directive before reading config

       -c directive
                   Process the configuration directive after reading config

       -D parameter
                   Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with
                   <IfDefine>...</IfDefine> sections in the configuration
                   files to conditionally skip or process commands.

       -h          Output a short summary of available command line options.

       -l          Output a list of modules compiled into the server.

       -L          Output a list of directives together with expected
                   arguments and places where the directive is valid.

       -S          Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently
                   only shows the virtualhost settings).

       -t          Run syntax tests for configuration files only. The program
                   immediately exits after these syntax parsing with either a
                   return code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code not equal to 0
                   (Syntax Error).

       -T          Same as option -t but does not check the configured
                   document roots.

       -X          Run in single-process mode, for internal debugging purposes
                   only; the daemon does not detach from the terminal or fork
                   any children. Do NOT use this mode to provide ordinary web

       -v          Print the version of httpd , and then exit.

       -V          Print the version and build parameters of httpd , and then



                                 February 1997                        httpd(8)