initgroups

INITGROUPS(3)               Linux Programmer's Manual              INITGROUPS(3)



NAME
       initgroups - initialize the supplementary group access list

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <grp.h>

       int initgroups(const char *user, gid_t group);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       initgroups():
           Since glibc 2.19:
               _DEFAULT_SOURCE
           Glibc 2.19 and earlier:
               _BSD_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The initgroups() function initializes the group access list by reading
       the group database /etc/group and using all groups of which user is a
       member.  The additional group group is also added to the list.

       The user argument must be non-NULL.

RETURN VALUE
       The initgroups() function returns 0 on success.  On error, -1 is
       returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate group information structure.

       EPERM  The calling process has insufficient privilege.  See the
              underlying system call setgroups(2).

FILES
       /etc/group
              group database file

ATTRIBUTES
       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       ┌───────────────────────────────────────┬───────────────┬────────────────┐
       │Interface                              Attribute     Value          │
       ├───────────────────────────────────────┼───────────────┼────────────────┤
       │initgroups()                           │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe locale │
       └───────────────────────────────────────┴───────────────┴────────────────┘

CONFORMING TO
       SVr4, 4.3BSD.

SEE ALSO
       getgroups(2), setgroups(2), credentials(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 5.12 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU                                2021-03-22                      INITGROUPS(3)