ipcs

IPCS(1POSIX)                POSIX Programmer's Manual               IPCS(1POSIX)



PROLOG
       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
       Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
       not be implemented on Linux.


NAME
       ipcs — report XSI interprocess communication facilities status

SYNOPSIS
       ipcs [−qms] [−a|−bcopt]

DESCRIPTION
       The ipcs utility shall write information about active interprocess
       communication facilities.

       Without options, information shall be written in short format for message
       queues, shared memory segments, and semaphore sets that are currently
       active in the system. Otherwise, the information that is displayed is
       controlled by the options specified.

OPTIONS
       The ipcs utility shall conform to the Base Definitions volume of
       POSIX.1‐2008, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines.

       The ipcs utility accepts the following options:

       −q        Write information about active message queues.

       −m        Write information about active shared memory segments.

       −s        Write information about active semaphore sets.

       If −q, −m, or −s are specified, only information about those facilities
       shall be written. If none of these three are specified, information about
       all three shall be written subject to the following options:

       −a        Use all print options. (This is a shorthand notation for −b,
                 −c, −o, −p, and −t.)

       −b        Write information on maximum allowable size. (Maximum number of
                 bytes in messages on queue for message queues, size of segments
                 for shared memory, and number of semaphores in each set for
                 semaphores.)

       −c        Write creator's user name and group name; see below.

       −o        Write information on outstanding usage. (Number of messages on
                 queue and total number of bytes in messages on queue for
                 message queues, and number of processes attached to shared
                 memory segments.)

       −p        Write process number information. (Process ID of the last
                 process to send a message and process ID of the last process to
                 receive a message on message queues, process ID of the creating
                 process, and process ID of the last process to attach or detach
                 on shared memory segments.)

       −t        Write time information. (Time of the last control operation
                 that changed the access permissions for all facilities, time of
                 the last msgsnd() and msgrcv() operations on message queues,
                 time of the last shmat() and shmdt() operations on shared
                 memory, and time of the last semop() operation on semaphores.)

OPERANDS
       None.

STDIN
       Not used.

INPUT FILES
        *  The group database

        *  The user database

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       The following environment variables shall affect the execution of ipcs:

       LANG      Provide a default value for the internationalization variables
                 that are unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of
                 POSIX.1‐2008, Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables for
                 the precedence of internationalization variables used to
                 determine the values of locale categories.)

       LC_ALL    If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all
                 the other internationalization variables.

       LC_CTYPE  Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of
                 bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as
                 opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments).

       LC_MESSAGES
                 Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format
                 and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.

       NLSPATH   Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing
                 of LC_MESSAGES.

       TZ        Determine the timezone for the date and time strings written by
                 ipcs.  If TZ is unset or null, an unspecified default timezone
                 shall be used.

ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS
       Default.

STDOUT
       An introductory line shall be written with the format:

           "IPC status from %s as of %s\n", <source>, <date>

       where <source> indicates the source used to gather the statistics and
       <date> is the information that would be produced by the date command when
       invoked in the POSIX locale.

       The ipcs utility then shall create up to three reports depending upon the
       −q, −m, and −s options. The first report shall indicate the status of
       message queues, the second report shall indicate the status of shared
       memory segments, and the third report shall indicate the status of
       semaphore sets.

       If the corresponding facility is not installed or has not been used since
       the last reboot, then the report shall be written out in the format:

           "%s facility not in system.\n", <facility>

       where <facility> is Message Queue, Shared Memory, or Semaphore, as
       appropriate. If the facility has been installed and has been used since
       the last reboot, column headings separated by one or more <space>
       characters and followed by a <newline> shall be written as indicated
       below followed by the facility name written out using the format:

           "%s:\n", <facility>

       where <facility> is Message Queues, Shared Memory, or Semaphores, as
       appropriate. On the second and third reports the column headings need not
       be written if the last column headings written already provide column
       headings for all information in that report.

       The column headings provided in the first column below and the meaning of
       the information in those columns shall be given in order below; the
       letters in parentheses indicate the options that shall cause the
       corresponding column to appear; ``all'' means that the column shall
       always appear. Each column is separated by one or more <space>
       characters. Note that these options only determine what information is
       provided for each report; they do not determine which reports are
       written.

       T (all)     Type of facility:

                   q       Message queue.

                   m       Shared memory segment.

                   s       Semaphore.

                   This field is a single character written using the format %c.

       ID (all)    The identifier for the facility entry. This field shall be
                   written using the format %d.

       KEY (all)   The key used as an argument to msgget(), semget(), or
                   shmget() to create the facility entry.

                   Note:     The key of a shared memory segment is changed to
                             IPC_PRIVATE when the segment has been removed until
                             all processes attached to the segment detach it.

                   This field shall be written using the format 0x%x.

       MODE (all)  The facility access modes and flags. The mode shall consist
                   of 11 characters that are interpreted as follows.

                   The first character shall be:

                   S       If a process is waiting on a msgsnd() operation.

                   −       If the above is not true.

                   The second character shall be:

                   R       If a process is waiting on a msgrcv() operation.

                   C or −  If the associated shared memory segment is to be
                           cleared when the first attach operation is executed.

                   −       If none of the above is true.

                   The next nine characters shall be interpreted as three sets
                   of three bits each. The first set refers to the owner's
                   permissions; the next to permissions of others in the
                   usergroup of the facility entry; and the last to all others.
                   Within each set, the first character indicates permission to
                   read, the second character indicates permission to write or
                   alter the facility entry, and the last character is a minus-
                   sign ('−').

                   The permissions shall be indicated as follows:

                   r       If read permission is granted.

                   w       If write permission is granted.

                   a       If alter permission is granted.

                   −       If the indicated permission is not granted.

                   The first character following the permissions specifies if
                   there is an alternate or additional access control method
                   associated with the facility. If there is no alternate or
                   additional access control method associated with the
                   facility, a single <space> shall be written; otherwise,
                   another printable character is written.

       OWNER (all) The user name of the owner of the facility entry. If the user
                   name of the owner is found in the user database, at least the
                   first eight column positions of the name shall be written
                   using the format %s.  Otherwise, the user ID of the owner
                   shall be written using the format %d.

       GROUP (all) The group name of the owner of the facility entry. If the
                   group name of the owner is found in the group database, at
                   least the first eight column positions of the name shall be
                   written using the format %s.  Otherwise, the group ID of the
                   owner shall be written using the format %d.

       The following nine columns shall be only written out for message queues:

       CREATOR (a,c)
                   The user name of the creator of the facility entry. If the
                   user name of the creator is found in the user database, at
                   least the first eight column positions of the name shall be
                   written using the format %s.  Otherwise, the user ID of the
                   creator shall be written using the format %d.

       CGROUP (a,c)
                   The group name of the creator of the facility entry. If the
                   group name of the creator is found in the group database, at
                   least the first eight column positions of the name shall be
                   written using the format %s.  Otherwise, the group ID of the
                   creator shall be written using the format %d.

       CBYTES (a,o)
                   The number of bytes in messages currently outstanding on the
                   associated message queue. This field shall be written using
                   the format %d.

       QNUM (a,o)  The number of messages currently outstanding on the
                   associated message queue. This field shall be written using
                   the format %d.

       QBYTES (a,b)
                   The maximum number of bytes allowed in messages outstanding
                   on the associated message queue. This field shall be written
                   using the format %d.

       LSPID (a,p) The process ID of the last process to send a message to the
                   associated queue. This field shall be written using the
                   format:

                       "%d", <pid>

                   where <pid> is 0 if no message has been sent to the
                   corresponding message queue; otherwise, <pid> shall be the
                   process ID of the last process to send a message to the
                   queue.

       LRPID (a,p) The process ID of the last process to receive a message from
                   the associated queue. This field shall be written using the
                   format:

                       "%d", <pid>

                   where <pid> is 0 if no message has been received from the
                   corresponding message queue; otherwise, <pid> shall be the
                   process ID of the last process to receive a message from the
                   queue.

       STIME (a,t) The time the last message was sent to the associated queue.
                   If a message has been sent to the corresponding message
                   queue, the hour, minute, and second of the last time a
                   message was sent to the queue shall be written using the
                   format %d:%2.2d:%2.2d.  Otherwise, the format " no-entry"
                   shall be written.

       RTIME (a,t) The time the last message was received from the associated
                   queue.  If a message has been received from the corresponding
                   message queue, the hour, minute, and second of the last time
                   a message was received from the queue shall be written using
                   the format %d:%2.2d:%2.2d.  Otherwise, the format " no-entry"
                   shall be written.

       The following eight columns shall be only written out for shared memory
       segments.

       CREATOR (a,c)
                   The user of the creator of the facility entry. If the user
                   name of the creator is found in the user database, at least
                   the first eight column positions of the name shall be written
                   using the format %s.  Otherwise, the user ID of the creator
                   shall be written using the format %d.

       CGROUP (a,c)
                   The group name of the creator of the facility entry. If the
                   group name of the creator is found in the group database, at
                   least the first eight column positions of the name shall be
                   written using the format %s.  Otherwise, the group ID of the
                   creator shall be written using the format %d.

       NATTCH (a,o)
                   The number of processes attached to the associated shared
                   memory segment. This field shall be written using the format
                   %d.

       SEGSZ (a,b) The size of the associated shared memory segment. This field
                   shall be written using the format %d.

       CPID (a,p)  The process ID of the creator of the shared memory entry.
                   This field shall be written using the format %d.

       LPID (a,p)  The process ID of the last process to attach or detach the
                   shared memory segment. This field shall be written using the
                   format:

                       "%d", <pid>

                   where <pid> is 0 if no process has attached the corresponding
                   shared memory segment; otherwise, <pid> shall be the process
                   ID of the last process to attach or detach the segment.

       ATIME (a,t) The time the last attach on the associated shared memory
                   segment was completed. If the corresponding shared memory
                   segment has ever been attached, the hour, minute, and second
                   of the last time the segment was attached shall be written
                   using the format %d:%2.2d:%2.2d.  Otherwise, the format " no-
                   entry" shall be written.

       DTIME (a,t) The time the last detach on the associated shared memory
                   segment was completed. If the corresponding shared memory
                   segment has ever been detached, the hour, minute, and second
                   of the last time the segment was detached shall be written
                   using the format %d:%2.2d:%2.2d.  Otherwise, the format " no-
                   entry" shall be written.

       The following four columns shall be only written out for semaphore sets:

       CREATOR (a,c)
                   The user of the creator of the facility entry. If the user
                   name of the creator is found in the user database, at least
                   the first eight column positions of the name shall be written
                   using the format %s.  Otherwise, the user ID of the creator
                   shall be written using the format %d.

       CGROUP     (a,c)
                   The group name of the creator of the facility entry. If the
                   group name of the creator is found in the group database, at
                   least the first eight column positions of the name shall be
                   written using the format %s.  Otherwise, the group ID of the
                   creator shall be written using the format %d.

       NSEMS (a,b) The number of semaphores in the set associated with the
                   semaphore entry. This field shall be written using the format
                   %d.

       OTIME (a,t) The time the last semaphore operation on the set associated
                   with the semaphore entry was completed. If a semaphore
                   operation has ever been performed on the corresponding
                   semaphore set, the hour, minute, and second of the last
                   semaphore operation on the semaphore set shall be written
                   using the format %d:%2.2d:%2.2d.  Otherwise, the format " no-
                   entry" shall be written.

       The following column shall be written for all three reports when it is
       requested:

       CTIME (a,t) The time the associated entry was created or changed. The
                   hour, minute, and second of the time when the associated
                   entry was created shall be written using the format
                   %d:%2.2d:%2.2d.

STDERR
       The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.

OUTPUT FILES
       None.

EXTENDED DESCRIPTION
       None.

EXIT STATUS
       The following exit values shall be returned:

        0    Successful completion.

       >0    An error occurred.

CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS
       Default.

       The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE
       Things can change while ipcs is running; the information it gives is
       guaranteed to be accurate only when it was retrieved.

EXAMPLES
       None.

RATIONALE
       None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS
       None.

SEE ALSO
       ipcrm

       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Chapter 8, Environment
       Variables, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines

       The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2008, msgrcv(), msgsnd(),
       semget(), semop(), shmat(), shmdt(), shmget()

COPYRIGHT
       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
       -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
       Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical
       and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.  (This is POSIX.1-2008
       with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any
       discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
       Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee
       document. The original Standard can be obtained online at
       http://www.unix.org/online.html .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most
       likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files
       to man page format. To report such errors, see
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .



IEEE/The Open Group                   2013                          IPCS(1POSIX)