sf_split(3)              BSD Library Functions Manual              sf_split(3)

     split, splitf, splitquotable, sjoin, join, split_network — split and join

     #include <strfunc.h>

     Split string and add tokens to the string array

     svect *
     split(const char *string, const char *delim, int flags);

     splitf(svect *, const char *string, const char *delim, int flags);

     splitquotable(svect *, const char *string);

     Join the array tokens together

     char *
     join(char **, const char *delimiter);

     char *
     sjoin(svect *, const char *delimiter);

     Stand-alone network/mask splitting function

     split_network(const char *ip_mask, unsigned int *ip, unsigned int *mask);

     These routines allows to split or join strings by specified tokens.

     int splitf(svect *, const char *string, const char *delim, int flags) is
     the basic splitting function.  string specifies the source string.  delim
     specifies the delimiter to be used to split string into tokens.  flags is
     the bitwise OR of the following values:

           1    two or more joined delimiters will be considered to be
                distinct instead of assuming them as one delimiter and

           2    delimiter will be considered as the pointer to delimiting
                string instead of assuming it as the pointer to character set.

           4    delimiter is the regular expression.  Regular expression can
                be prefixed with and followed by /'es if there is a need to
                put some flags after it. Refer to sf_sed(3) to obtain a flags
                and additional information about regular expressions.  Setting
                this flag automaticaly discards 1 & 2.

     Return value is the number of tokens recognized and added to the vector,
     or -1 in case of an error caused by memory shortage or regular
     expressions handling failure.

     svect * split(const char *string, const char *set, int flags) is
     identical to the splitf() in one exception that it will create a new
     svect * structure for you. The structure will always be allocated, but it
     can contain no data if splitf() will be unable to find any tokens.

     int splitquotable(svect *sl, const char *string) is the function that
     recognizes single and double quotes and splits string according to them.
     There is a small hack that allows to know whether this or that piece of
     string (token) was originally inside the double or single quotes. The
     character (byte) right after the end of string within the list
     sl->list[N][sl->lens[N] + 1] will contain the ' ', '1' or '2' if the
     appropriate token was originaly found within the unquoted text, single or
     double quotes, respectively.

     To join vector elements together, sjoin(svect *, const char *delimiter)
     function may be called. Another call, join(char **list, const char
     *delimiter), may be required to join the char ** values together without
     using an intermediate svect * structure.

     int split_network(const char *ip_mask, unsigned int *ip, unsigned int
     *mask) used to split IP/Mask strings to binary IP address and mask. Both
     ip and mask arguments should be supplied. They will be filled with
     recognized ip address and mask in network byte order. Refer to
     byteorder(3) or ntohl(3).  split_network() regognizes the standart forms
     of ip address/mask pairs:

             a.b.c.d 0xHEXMASK
             a.b.c.d a.b.c.d
             or, more common
             a[.[b[.c[.d]]]] a.b[.c[.d]]]

     Example split function...

     void removeMultipleSpaces(const char *string) {
             svect *sl;

             /* Split string="some   bad   string"
              * and add tokens to the vector
             sl = split(string, NULL, 0);

             /* And join them together to form
              * "some bad string"
             printf("%s\n", sjoin(sl, " "));

             /* Destroy the string vector */

     Split according to quotes

     void quotes(const char *string) {
             svect *sl;
             int i;

             /* Create new string vector */
             sl = sinit();

             /* Split string=" one 'two three' four
              * and add tokens to the vector
             sl = splitquotable(sl, string);

             /* And join them together to form
              * "[one], [two three], [four], [five]"
             printf("[%s]\n", sjoin(sl, "], ["));

             /* Single or double quoted? */
             for(i = 0; i < sl->count; i++)
                     printf("%s: %s\n", sl->list[i],
                             (sl->list[i][sl->lens[i] + 1] == 0)?"plain text":
                             ((sl->list[i][sl->lens[i] + 1] == 1)?"single quoted":
                             ((sl->list[i][sl->lens[i] + 1] == 2)?"double quoted"))

             /* Destroy the list */

     strfunc(3), sf_svect(3), sf_sed(3), byteorder(3).

     Lev Walkin <>

BSD                             March 29, 2001                             BSD