jps(1)                      General Commands Manual                     jps(1)

       jps - Java Virtual Machine Process Status Tool

       jps [ options ] [ hostid ]

          Command-line options.

          The host identifier of the host for which the process report should
          be generated. The hostid may include optional components that
          indicate the communications protocol, port number, and other
          implementation specific data.

       The jps tool lists the instrumented HotSpot Java Virtual Machines
       (JVMs) on the target system. The tool is limited to reporting
       information on JVMs for which it has the access permissions.

       If jps is run without specifying a hostid, it will look for
       instrumented JVMs on the local host. If started with a hostid, it will
       look for JVMs on the indicated host, using the specified protocol and
       port. A jstatd process is assumed to be running on the target host.

       The jps command will report the local VM identifier, or lvmid, for each
       instrumented JVM found on the target system. The lvmid is typically,
       but not necessarily, the operating system's process identifier for the
       JVM process. With no options, jps will list each Java application's
       lvmid followed by the short form of the application's class name or jar
       file name. The short form of the class name or JAR file name omits the
       class's package information or the JAR files path information.

       The jps command uses the java launcher to find the class name and
       arguments passed to the main method. If the target JVM is started with
       a custom launcher, the class name (or JAR file name) and the arguments
       to the main method will not be available. In this case, the jps command
       will output the string Unknown for the class name or JAR file name and
       for the arguments to the main method.

       The list of JVMs produced by the jps command may be limited by the
       permissions granted to the principal running the command. The command
       will only list the JVMs for which the principle has access rights as
       determined by operating system specific access control mechanisms.

       NOTE: This utility is unsupported and may not be available in future
       versions of the JDK. It is not currently available on Windows 98 and
       Windows ME platforms.

       The jps command supports a number of options that modify the output of
       the command. These options are subject to change or removal in the

       -q Suppress the output of the class name, JAR file name, and arguments
          passed to the main method, producing only a list of local VM

       -m Output the arguments passed to the main method. The output may be
          null for embedded JVMs.

       -l Output the full package name for the application's main class or the
          full path name to the application's JAR file.

       -v Output the arguments passed to the JVM.

       -V Output the arguments passed to the JVM through the flags file (the
          .hotspotrc file or the file specified by the -XX:Flags=<filename>

          Pass option to the java launcher called by jps. For example,
          -J-Xms48m sets the startup memory to 48 megabytes. It is a common
          convention for -J to pass options to the underlying VM executing
          applications written in Java.

          The host identifier, or hostid is a string that indicates the target
          system. The syntax of the hostid string largely corresponds to the
          syntax of a URI:


             The communications protocol. If the protocol is omitted and a
             hostname is not specified, the default protocol is a platform
             specific, optimized, local protocol. If the protocol is omitted
             and a hostname is specified, then the default protocol is rmi.

             A hostname or IP address indicating the target host. If hostname
             is omitted, then the target host is the local host.

             The default port for communicating with the remote server. If the
             hostname is omitted or the protocol specifies an optimized, local
             protocol, then port is ignored. Otherwise, treatment of the port
             parameter is implementation specific. For the default rmi
             protocol the port indicates the port number for the rmiregistry
             on the remote host. If port is omitted, and protocol indicates
             rmi, then the default rmiregistry port (1099) is used.

             The treatment of this parameter depends on the implementation.
             For the optimized, local protocol, this field is ignored. For the
             rmi protocol, this parameter is a string representing the name of
             the RMI remote object on the remote host. See the -n option for
             the jstatd command.

       The output of the jps command follows the following pattern:

       lvmid [ [ classname | JARfilename | "Unknown"] [ arg* ] [ jvmarg* ] ]

       Where all output tokens are separated by white space. An arg that
       includes embedded white space will introduce ambiguity when attempting
       to map arguments to their actual positional parameters.
       NOTE: You are advised not to write scripts to parse jps output since
       the format may change in future releases. If you choose to write
       scripts that parse jps output, expect to modify them for future
       releases of this tool.

       This section provides examples of the jps command.

       Listing the instrumented JVMs on the local host:


       18027 Java2Demo.JAR

       18032 jps

       18005 jstat

       Listing the instrumented JVMs on a remote host:

       This example assumes that the jstat server and either the its internal
       RMI registry or a separate external rmiregistry process are running on
       the remote host on the default port (port 1099). It also assumes that
       the local host has appropriate permissions to access the remote host.
       This example also includes the -l option to output the long form of the
       class names or JAR file names.

       jps -l remote.domain

       3002 /opt/j2sdk1.5.0/demo/jfc/Java2D/Java2Demo.JAR


       Listing the instrumented JVMs on a remote host with a non-default port
       for the RMI registry

       This example assumes that the jstatd server, with an internal RMI
       registry bound to port 2002, is running on the remote host. This
       example also uses the -m option to include the arguments passed to the
       main method of each of the listed Java applications.

       jps -m remote.domain:2002

       3002 /opt/j2sdk1.5.0/demo/jfc/Java2D/Java2Demo.JAR

       3102 -p 2002

          o java - the Java Application Launcher

          o jstat - the Java virtual machine Statistics Monitoring Tool

          o jstatd - the jstat daemon

          o rmiregistry - the Java Remote Object Registry

                                  06 Aug 2006                           jps(1)