keyboard






keyboard − how to type characters

Keyboards are idiosyncratic.  It should be obvious how to
type ordinary characters, backspace, tab, escape, and
newline.  In general, the key labeled Return or Enter
generates a newline if there is a key labeled Line it
generates a carriage return CRLFs are not used.  All control
characters are typed in the usual way; in particular,
control‐J is a line feed and control‐M a carriage return.

     The delete character is usually generated by a key
labeled Del, Delete, or Int.

     The view character and causes windows to scroll
forward; the back‐view character causes windows to scroll
backward.  The view character is generated by the ← and ↓
keys; the back‐view character is generated by the → and ↑
keys.

     Internally, characters are represented as runes (see
Any 16‐bit rune can be typed as a multi‐character sequence.
The compose key must be pressed while the first character of
the sequence is typed; on most terminals, the compose key is
labeled Alt.  While pressing the compose key, type a capital
X and exactly four hexadecimal characters (digits and a to
to enter the rune with the value represented by the typed
number.  There are two‐character shorthands for some
characters.  The compose key must be pressed while typing
the first character of the pair.  The following sequences
generate the desired rune:

               !!          ¢         c$                    l$                    g$
               y$          ||        §           SS                    ""
     ©         cO          «         sa                    <<          ¬         no
     [0xad]    ‐‐          ®         rO                    __          °         de
     ±         +‐                    s2                    s3          ´         ’’
     [0xb5]    mi          ⊥         pg                    ..                    ,,
               s1                    s0                    >>          ¼         14
     ½         12          ¾         34                    ??          À         ‘A
     Á         ’A          Â         ^A          Ã         ~A                    "A
     Å         oA          Æ         AE          Ç         ,C          È         ‘E
     É         ’E          Ê         ^E                    "E          Ì         ‘I
     Í         ’I          Î         ^I                    "I                    D‐
     Ñ         ~N          Ò         ‘O          Ó         ’O          Ô         ^O
     Õ         ~O                    "O          ×         mu                    /O
     Ù         ‘U          Ú         ’U          Û         ^U                    "U
     Ý         ’Y                    |P          ß         ss          à         ‘a
     á         ’a          â         ^a          ã         ~a                    "a
     å         oa          æ         ae          ç         ,c          è         ‘e
     é         ’e          ê         ^e                    "e          í         ‘i
     í         ’i          î         ^i                    "i                    d‐
     ñ         ~n          ò         ‘o          ó         ’o          ô         ^o
     õ         ~o                    "o          ÷         ‐:                    /o
     ù         ‘u          ú         ’u          û         ^u                    "u









                             ‐2‐


     ý         ’y                    |p                    "y          α         *a
     β         *b          γ         *g          δ         *d          ε         *e
     ζ         *z          η         *y          θ         *h          ι         *i
     κ         *k          λ         *l          μ         *m          ν         *n
     ξ         *c          ο         *o          π         *p          ρ         *r
     ς         ts          σ         *s          τ         *t          υ         *u
     ϕ         *f          χ         *x          ψ         *q          ω         *w
     Α         *A          Β         *B          Γ         *G          Δ         *D
     Ε         *E          Ζ         *Z          Η         *Y          Θ         *H
     Ι         *I          Κ         *K          Λ         *L          Μ         *M
     Ν         *N          Ξ         *C          Ο         *O          Π         *P
     Ρ         *R          Σ         *S          Τ         *T          Υ         *U
     Φ         *F          Χ         *X          Ψ         *Q          Ω         *W
     ←         <‐          ↑         ua          →         ‐>          ↓         da
     ↔         ab          ∀         fa          ∃         te          ∂         pd
     ∅         es          [0x2206]  De          ∇         gr                    !m
     [0x220d]  st          ∗         **          •         bu          √         sr
     ∝         pt          ∞         if                    an          ⎯         l&
               l|          ∩         ca          ∪         cu          ∫         is
     ∴         tf          [0x2243]  ~=          ≈         cg          [0x2248]  ~~
     ≠         !=          ≡         ==          ≤         <=          ≥         >=
     ⊂         sb          ⊃         sp                    !b          ⊆         ib
     ⊇         ip                    O+          [0x2296]  O‐                    Ox
     [0x22a2]  tu          [0x22a8]  Tu          [0x22c4]  lz                    el

     Note the difference between ß (ss) and [0xb5] (micron)
and the Greek β and μ.  As well, white and black chess
pieces may be escaped using the sequence color or followed
by piece for king, q for queen, r for rook, n for knight, b
for bishop, or p for pawn).