# latexdiff-fast

LATEXDIFF(1)           User Contributed Perl Documentation          LATEXDIFF(1)

NAME
latexdiff - determine and markup differences between two latex files

SYNOPSIS
latexdiff [ OPTIONS ] old.tex new.tex > diff.tex

DESCRIPTION
Briefly, latexdiff is a utility program to aid in the management of
revisions of latex documents. It compares two valid latex files, here
called "old.tex" and "new.tex", finds significant differences between
them (i.e., ignoring the number of white spaces and position of line
breaks), and adds special commands to highlight the differences.  Where
visual highlighting is not possible, e.g. for changes in the formatting,
the differences are nevertheless marked up in the source. Note that
old.tex and new.tex need to be real files (not pipes or similar) as they
are opened twice (unless "--encoding" option is used)

The program treats the preamble differently from the main document.
Differences between the preambles are found using line-based differencing
(similarly to the Unix diff command, but ignoring white spaces).  A
comment, ""%DIF >"" is appended to each added line, i.e. a line present
in "new.tex" but not in "old.tex".  Discarded lines
are deactivated by prepending ""%DIF <"". Changed blocks are preceded
by comment lines giving information about line numbers in the original
files.  Where there are insignificant differences, the resulting file
"diff.tex" will be similar to "new.tex".  At the end of the preamble, the
definitions for latexdiff markup commands are inserted.  In differencing
the main body of the text, latexdiff attempts to satisfy the following
guidelines (in order of priority):

1. If both "old.tex" and "new.tex" are valid LaTeX, then the resulting
"diff.tex" should also be valid LateX. (NB If a few plain TeX commands
are used within "old.tex" or "new.tex" then "diff.tex" is not
guaranteed to work but usually will).

2. Significant differences are determined on the level of individual
words. All significant differences, including differences between
comments should be clearly marked in the resulting source code
"diff.tex".

3. If a changed passage contains text or text-producing commands, then
running "diff.tex" through LateX should produce output where added and

4. Where there are insignificant differences, e.g. in the positioning of
line breaks, "diff.tex" should follow the formatting of "new.tex"

For differencing the same algorithm as diff is used but words instead of
lines are compared.  An attempt is made to recognize blocks which are
completely changed such that they can be marked up as a unit.  Comments
are differenced line by line but the number of spaces within comments is
ignored. Commands including all their arguments are generally compared as
one unit, i.e., no mark-up is inserted into the arguments of commands.
However, for a selected number of commands (for example, "\caption" and
all sectioning commands) the last argument is known to be text. This text
is split into words and differenced just as ordinary text (use options to
show and change the list of text commands, see below). As the algorithm
has no detailed knowledge of LaTeX, it assumes all pairs of curly braces
immediately following a command (i.e. a sequence of letters beginning
with a backslash) are arguments for that command.  As a restriction to
condition 1 above it is thus necessary to surround all arguments with
curly braces, and to not insert extraneous spaces.  For example, write

\section{\textem{This is an emphasized section title}}

and not

\section {\textem{This is an emphasized section title}}

or

\section\textem{This is an emphasized section title}

even though all varieties are the same to LaTeX (but see --allow-spaces
option which allows the second variety).

For environments whose content does not conform to standard LaTeX or
where graphical markup does not make sense all markup commands can be
removed by setting the PICTUREENV configuration variable, set by default
to "picture" and "DIFnomarkup" environments; see --config option).  The
latter environment ("DIFnomarkup") can be used to protect parts of the
latex file where the markup results in illegal markup. You have to
surround the offending passage in both the old and new file by
"\begin{DIFnomarkup}" and "\end{DIFnomarkup}". You must define the
environment in the preambles of both old and new documents. I prefer to
define it as a null-environment,

"\newenvironment{DIFnomarkup}{}{}"

but the choice is yours.  Any markup within the environment will be
removed, and generally everything within the environment will just be
taken from the new file.

It is also possible to difference files which do not have a preamble.
In this case, the file is processed in the main document mode, but the
definitions of the markup commands are not inserted.

All markup commands inserted by latexdiff begin with ""\DIF"".  Added
blocks containing words, commands or comments which are in "new.tex" but
Discarded blocks are marked by "\DIFdelbegin" and "\DIFdelend".  Within
these text blocks as well (use options to show and change the list of
safe commands, see below).  All other commands as well as braces "{" and
marked by prepending ""%DIF > "".

Within deleted blocks text is highlighted with "\DIFdel".  Deleted
comments are marked by prepending ""%DIF < "".  Non-safe command and
curly braces within deleted blocks are commented out with
""%DIFDELCMD < "".

OPTIONS
Preamble
The following options determine the visual markup style by adding the
appropriate command definitions to the preamble. See the end of this
section for a description of available styles.

--type=markupstyle or -t markupstyle
Add code to preamble for selected markup style. This option defines
"\DIFadd" and "\DIFdel" commands.  Available styles:

CHANGEBAR CCHANGEBAR CULINECHBAR CFONTCHBAR BOLD PDFCOMMENT"

[ Default: "UNDERLINE" ]

--subtype=markstyle or -s markstyle
Add code to preamble for selected style for bracketing commands (e.g.
to mark changes in  margin). This option defines "\DIFaddbegin",
"\DIFaddend", "\DIFdelbegin" and "\DIFdelend" commands.  Available
styles: "SAFE MARGIN COLOR DVIPSCOL  ZLABEL ONLYCHANGEDPAGE (LABEL)*"

[ Default: "SAFE" ] * Subtype "LABEL" is deprecated

--floattype=markstyle or -f markstyle
Add code to preamble for selected style which replace standard
marking and markup commands within floats (e.g., marginal remarks
cause an error within floats so marginal marking can be disabled
thus). This option defines all "\DIF...FL" commands.  Available

[ Default: "FLOATSAFE" ]

--encoding=enc or -e enc
Specify encoding of old.tex and new.tex. Typical encodings are
"ascii", "utf8", "latin1", "latin9".  A list of available encodings
can be obtained by executing

"perl -MEncode -e 'print join ("\n",Encode-"encodings( ":all" )) ;' >

If this option is used, then old.tex, new.tex are only opened once.
[Default encoding is utf8 unless the first few lines of the preamble
contain an invocation "\usepackage[..]{inputenc}" in which case the
encoding chosen by this command is asssumed. Note that ASCII
(standard latex) is a subset of utf8]

--preamble=file or -p file
Insert file at end of preamble instead of generating preamble.  The
preamble must define the following commands "\DIFaddbegin,
\DIFaddFL{..}, \DIFdelbeginFL, \DIFdelendFL, \DIFdelFL{..}" (If this
option is set -t, -s, and -f options are ignored.)

--packages=pkg1,pkg2,..
Tell latexdiff that .tex file is processed with the packages in list
loaded.  This is normally not necessary if the .tex file includes the
preamble, as the preamble is automatically scanned for "\usepackage"
commands.  Use of the --packages option disables automatic scanning,
so if for any reason package specific parsing needs to be switched
off, use --packages=none.  The following packages trigger special
behaviour:

"amsmath"
Configuration variable MATHARRREPL is set to "align*"
(Default: "eqnarray*"). (Note that many of the amsmath array
environments are already recognised by default as such)

"endfloat"
Ensure that "\begin{figure}" and "\end{figure}" always appear
by themselves on a line.

"hyperref"
Change name of "\DIFadd" and "\DIFdel" commands to
"\DIFdel" commands, which provide a wrapper for these
commands, using them for the text but not for the link
defining command (where any markup would cause errors).

"apacite"
Redefine the commands recognised as citation commands.

"siunitx"
Treat "\SI" as equivalent to citation commands (i.e. protect
with "\mbox" if markup style uses ulem package.

"cleveref"
Treat "\cref,\Cref", etc as equivalent to citation commands
(i.e. protect with "\mbox" if markup style uses ulem package.

"glossaries"
Define most of the glossaries commands as safe, protecting
them with \mbox'es where needed

"mhchem"
Treat "\ce" as a safe command, i.e. it will be highlighted
(note that "\cee" will not be highlighted in equations as

"chemformula" or "chemmacros"
Treat "\ch" as a safe command outside equations, i.e. it will
be highlighted (note that "\ch" will not be highlighted in
equations as this leads to processing errors)

[ Default: scan the preamble for "\usepackage" commands to determine

--show-preamble
Print generated or included preamble commands to stdout.

Configuration
--exclude-safecmd=exclude-file or -A exclude-file or
--exclude-safecmd="cmd1,cmd2,..."
--replace-safecmd=replace-file
--append-safecmd=append-file or -a append-file or
--append-safecmd="cmd1,cmd2,..."
Exclude from, replace or append to the list of regular expressions
(RegEx) matching commands which are safe to use within the scope of a
"\DIFadd" or "\DIFdel" command.  The file must contain one Perl-RegEx
per line (Comment lines beginning with # or % are ignored).  Note
that the RegEx needs to match the whole of the token, i.e., /^regex\$/
is implied and that the initial "\" of the command is not included.
The --exclude-safecmd and --append-safecmd options can be combined
with the ---replace-safecmd option and can be used repeatedly to add
cumulatively to the lists.
--exclude-safecmd and --append-safecmd can also take a comma
separated list as input. If a comma for one of the regex is required,
escape it thus "\,". In most cases it will be necessary to protect
the comma-separated list from the shell by putting it in quotation
marks.

--exclude-textcmd=exclude-file or -X exclude-file or
--exclude-textcmd="cmd1,cmd2,..."
--replace-textcmd=replace-file
--append-textcmd=append-file or -x append-file or
--append-textcmd="cmd1,cmd2,..."
Exclude from, replace or append to the list of regular expressions
matching commands whose last argument is text.  See entry for
--exclude-safecmd directly above for further details.

--replace-context1cmd=replace-file
--append-context1cmd=append-file or
--append-context1cmd="cmd1,cmd2,..."
Replace or append to the list of regex matching commands whose last
argument is text but which require a particular context to work, e.g.
"\caption" will only work within a figure or table.  These commands
behave like text commands, except when they occur in a deleted
section, when they are disabled, but their argument is shown as
deleted text.

--replace-context2cmd=replace-file
--append-context2cmd=append-file or
--append-context2cmd="cmd1,cmd2,..."
As corresponding commands for context1.  The only difference is that
context2 commands are completely disabled in deleted sections,
including their arguments.

context2 commands are also the only commands in the preamble, whose
argument will be processed in word-by-word mode (which only works, if
they occur no more than once in the preamble). The algorithm
currently cannot cope with repeated context2 commands in the
preamble, as they occur e.g. for the "\author" argument in some
journal styles (not in the standard styles, though If such a
repetition is detected, the whole preamble will be processed in line-
by-line mode. In such a case, use "--replace-context2cmd" option to
just select the commands, which should be processed and are not used
repeatedly in the preamble.

--exclude-mboxsafecmd=exclude-file or
--exclude-mboxsafecmd="cmd1,cmd2,..."
--append-mboxsafecmd=append-file or --append-mboxsafecmd="cmd1,cmd2,..."
Define safe commands, which additionally need to be protected by
encapsulating in an "\mbox{..}". This is sometimes needed to get
around incompatibilities between external packages and the ulem
package, which is  used for highlighting in the default style
UNDERLINE as well as CULINECHBAR CFONTSTRIKE

--config var1=val1,var2=val2,... or -c var1=val1,..
-c configfile
Set configuration variables.  The option can be repeated to set
different variables (as an alternative to the comma-separated list).
Available variables (see below for further explanations):

"ARRENV" (RegEx)

"COUNTERCMD" (RegEx)

"CUSTODIFCMD" (RegEx)

"FLOATENV" (RegEx)

"ITEMCMD" (RegEx)

"LISTENV"  (RegEx)

"MATHARRENV" (RegEx)

"MATHARRREPL" (String)

"MATHENV" (RegEx)

"MATHREPL" (String)

"MINWORDSBLOCK" (Integer)

"PICTUREENV" (RegEx)

"SCALEDELGRAPHICS" (Float)

For configuration variables, which are a regular expression
(essentially those ending in ENV, COUNTERCMD and CUSTOMDIFCMD, see
list above) this option provides an alternative way to modify the
configuration variables. Instead of setting the complete pattern,
with this option it is possible to add an alternative pattern.
"varenv" must be one of the variables listed above that take a
regular expression as argument, and pattern is any regular expression
(which might need to be protected from the shell by quotation).
Several patterns can be added at once by using semi-colons to
"LISTENV=myitemize;myenumerate,COUNTERCMD=endnote""

--show-safecmd
Print list of RegEx matching and excluding safe commands.

--show-textcmd
Print list of RegEx matching and excluding commands with text
argument.

--show-config
Show values of configuration variables.

--show-all
Combine all --show commands.

NB For all --show commands, no "old.tex" or "new.tex" file needs to
be specified, and no differencing takes place.

Other configuration options:
--allow-spaces
Allow spaces between bracketed or braced arguments to commands.  Note
that this option might have undesirable side effects (unrelated scope
might get lumpeded with preceding commands) so should only be used if
the default produces erroneous results.  (Default requires arguments
to directly follow each other without intervening spaces).

--math-markup=level
Determine granularity of markup in displayed math environments:
Possible values for level are (both numerical and text labels are
acceptable):

"off" or 0: suppress markup for math environments.  Deleted equations
will not appear in diff file. This mode can be used if all the other
modes cause invalid latex code.

"whole" or 1: Differencing on the level of whole equations. Even
trivial changes to equations cause the whole equation to be marked
changed.  This mode can be used if processing in coarse or fine mode
results in invalid latex code.

"coarse" or 2: Detect changes within equations marked up with a
coarse granularity; changes in equation type (e.g.displaymath to
equation) appear as a change to the complete equation. This mode is
recommended for situations where the content and order of some
equations are still being changed. [Default]

"fine" or 3: Detect small change in equations and mark up at fine
granularity.  This mode is most suitable, if only minor changes to
equations are expected, e.g. correction of typos.

--graphics-markup=level
Change highlight style for graphics embedded with C<\includegraphics> commands.

Possible values for level:

"none", "off" or 0: no highlighting for figures

"new-only" or 1: surround newly added or changed figures with a blue
frame [Default if graphicx package loaded]

"both" or 2:     highlight new figures with a blue frame and show
deleted figures at reduced scale, and crossed out with a red diagonal
cross. Use configuration variable SCALEDELGRAPHICS to set size of
deleted figures.

Note that changes to the optional parameters will make the figure
appear as changed to latexdiff, and this figure will thus be
highlighted

--disable-citation-markup or --disable-auto-mbox
Suppress citation markup and markup of other vulnerable commands in
styles using ulem (UNDERLINE,FONTSTRIKE, CULINECHBAR) (the two
options are identical and are simply aliases)

--enable-citation-markup or --enforce-auto-mbox
Protect citation commands and other vulnerable commands in changed
sections with "\mbox" command, i.e. use default behaviour for ulem
package for other packages (the two options are identical and are
simply aliases)

Miscellaneous
--verbose or -V
Output various status information to stderr during processing.
Default is to work silently.

--driver=type
Choose driver for changebar package (only relevant for styles using
changebar: CCHANGEBAR CFONTCHBAR CULINECHBAR CHANGEBAR). Possible
drivers are listed in changebar manual, e.g. pdftex,dvips,dvitops
[Default: dvips]

--ignore-warnings
Suppress warnings about inconsistencies in length between input and
parsed strings and missing characters.  These warning messages are
often related to non-standard latex or latex constructions with a
syntax unknown to "latexdiff" but the resulting difference argument
is often fully functional anyway, particularly if the non-standard
latex only occurs in parts of the text which have not changed.

--label=label or -L label
Sets the labels used to describe the old and new files.  The first
use of this option sets the label describing the old file and the
second use of the option sets the label for the new file, i.e. set
both labels like this "-L labelold -L labelnew".  [Default: use the
filename and modification dates for the label]

--no-label
Suppress inclusion of old and new file names as comment in output
file

--visible-label
Include old and new filenames (or labels set with "--label" option)
as visible output.

--flatten
Replace "\input" and "\include" commands within body by the content
of the files in their argument.  If "\includeonly" is present in the
preamble, only those files are expanded into the document. However,
no recursion is done, i.e. "\input" and "\include" commands within
included sections are not expanded.  The included files are assumed
to
be located in the same directories as the old and new master files,
respectively, making it possible to organise files into old and new
directories.  --flatten is applied recursively, so inputted files can
contain further "\input" statements.

Use of this option might result in prohibitive processing times for
larger documents, and the resulting difference document no longer
reflects the structure of the input documents.

--help or -h
Show help text

--version
Show version number

Internal options
These options are mostly for automated use by latexdiff-vc. They can be
used directly, but the API should be considered less stable than for the
other options.

Suppress generation of hyperreferences, used for minimal diffs
(option --only-changes of latexdiff-vc)

Predefined styles
Major types
The major type determine the markup of plain text and some selected latex
commands outside floats by defining the markup commands "\DIFadd{...}"
and "\DIFdel{...}" .

"UNDERLINE"
struck out and red (Requires color and ulem packages).
Overstriking does not work in displayed math equations such
that deleted parts of equation are underlined, not struck out
(this is a shortcoming inherent to the ulem package).

Added text is blue and set in sans-serif, and a red footnote is
created for each discarded piece of text. (Requires color
package)

Like "CTRADITIONAL" but without the use of color.

"CFONT"   Added text is blue and set in sans-serif, and discarded text is
red and very small size.

"FONTSTRIKE"
out

"CCHANGEBAR"
the changed text is marked with a bar in the margin (Requires
color and changebar packages).

"CFONTCHBAR"
Like "CFONT" but with additional changebars (Requires color and
changebar packages).

"CULINECHBAR"
Like "UNDERLINE" but with additional changebars (Requires
color, ulem and changebar packages).

"CHANGEBAR"
No mark up of text, but mark margins with changebars (Requires
changebar package).

"INVISIBLE"
No visible markup (but generic markup commands will still be
inserted.

"BOLD"    Added text is set in bold face, discarded is not shown.

"PDFCOMMENT"
The pdfcomment package is used to underline new text, and mark
deletions with a PDF comment. Note that this markup might
appear differently or not at all based on the pdf viewer used.
The viewer with best support for pdf markup is probably
acroread. This style is only recommended if the number of
differences is small.

Subtypes
The subtype defines the commands that are inserted at the begin and end
\DIFdelbegin, \DIFdelend")

"SAFE"    No additional markup (Recommended choice)

"MARGIN"  Mark beginning and end of changed blocks with symbols in the
margin nearby (using the standard "\marginpar" command - note
that this sometimes moves somewhat from the intended position.

"COLOR"   An alternative way of marking added passages in blue, and
deleted ones in red.  (It is recommeneded to use instead the
main types to effect colored markup, although in some cases
coloring with dvipscol can be more complete, for example with
citation commands).

"DVIPSCOL"
An alternative way of marking added passages in blue, and
deleted ones in red. Note that "DVIPSCOL" only works with the
dvips converter, e.g. not pdflatex.  (it is recommeneded to use
instead the main types to effect colored markup, although in
some cases coloring with dvipscol can be more complete).

"ZLABEL"  can be used to highlight only changed pages, but requires post-
processing. It is recommend to not call this option manually
but use "latexdiff-vc" with "--only-changes" option.
Alternatively, use the script given within preamble of diff

"ONLYCHANGEDPAGE"
also highlights changed pages, without the need for post-
processing, but might not work reliably if there is floating
material (figures, tables).

"LABEL"   is similar to "ZLABEL", but does not need the zref package and
works less reliably (deprecated).

Float Types
Some of the markup used in the main text might cause problems when used
within floats (e.g. figures or tables).  For this reason alternative
versions of all markup commands are used within floats. The float type
defines these alternative commands.

"FLOATSAFE"
Use identical markup for text as in the main body, but set all
commands marking the begin and end of changed blocks to null-
commands.  You have to choose this float type if your subtype
is "MARGIN" as "\marginpar" does not work properly within
floats.

Mark additions the same way as in the main text.  Deleted
environments are marked by angular brackets $and$ and the
deleted text is set in scriptscript size. This float type
should always be used with the "TRADITIONAL" and
"CTRADITIONAL" markup types as the \footnote command does not
work properly in floating environments.

"IDENTICAL"
Make no difference between the main text and floats.

Configuration Variables
"ARRENV"  If a match to "ARRENV" is found within an inline math
environment within a deleted or added block, then the inlined
math is surrounded by "\mbox{"..."}".  This is necessary as
underlining does not work within inlined array environments.

[ Default: "ARRENV"="(?:array|[pbvBV]matrix)"

"COUNTERCMD"
If a command in a deleted block which is also in the textcmd
list matches "COUNTERCMD" then an additional command
"\addtocounter{"cntcmd"}{-1}", where cntcmd is the matching
command, is appended in the diff file such that the numbering
in the diff file remains synchronized with the numbering in the
new file.

[ Default: "COUNTERCMD"="(?:footnote|part|section|subsection"
...

"|subsubsection|paragraph|subparagraph)"  ]

"CUSTOMDIFCMD"
This option is for advanced users and allows definition of
special versions of commands, which do not work as safe
commands.

Commands in "CUSTOMDIFCMD" that occur in added or deleted
blocks will be given an ADD or DEL prefix.  The prefixed
versions of the command must be defined in the preamble, either
by putting them in the preamble of at least the new file, or by
creating a custom preamble file (Option --preamble).  For
example the command "\blindtext" (from package blindtext) does
not interact well with underlining, so that for the standard
markup type, it is not satisfactory to define it as a safe
command. Instead, a customised versions without underlining can
be defined in the preamble:

"\newcommand{\DELblindtext}{{\color{red}\blindtext}}"

and then latexdiff should be invoked with the option "-c
CUSTOMDIFCMD=blindtext".

[ Default: none ]

"FLOATENV"
Environments whose name matches the regular expression in
"FLOATENV" are considered floats.  Within these environments,
the latexdiff markup commands are replaced by their FL
variaties.

[ Default: "(?:figure|table|plate)[\w\d*@]*" ]

"ITEMCMD" Commands representing new item line with list environments.

[ Default: \"item" ]

"LISTENV" Environments whose name matches the regular expression in
"LISTENV" are list environments.

[ Default: "(?:itemize|enumerate|description)" ]

"MATHENV","MATHREPL"
If both \begin and \end for a math environment (environment
name matching "MATHENV" or $and$) are within the same
deleted block, they are replaced by a \begin and \end commands
for "MATHREPL" rather than being commented out.

[ Default: "MATHENV"="(?:displaymath|equation)" ,
"MATHREPL"="displaymath" ]

"MATHARRENV","MATHARRREPL"
as "MATHENV","MATHREPL" but for equation arrays

[ Default: "MATHARRENV"="eqnarray\*?" , "MATHREPL"="eqnarray" ]

"MINWORDSBLOCK"
Minimum number of tokens required to form an independent block.
This value is used in the algorithm to detect changes of
complete blocks by merging identical text parts of less than

[ Default: 3 ]

"PICTUREENV"
Within environments whose name matches the regular expression
in "PICTUREENV" all latexdiff markup is removed (in pathologic
cases this might lead to inconsistent markup but this situation
should be rare).

[ Default: "(?:picture|DIFnomarkup)[\w\d*@]*" ]

"SCALEDELGRAPHICS"
If "--graphics-markup=both" is chosen, "SCALEDELGRAPHICS" is
the factor, by which deleted figures will be scaled (i.e. 0.5
implies they are shown at half linear size).

[ Default: 0.5 ]

"VERBATIMENV"
RegEx describing environments like verbatim, whose contents
should be taken verbatim. The content of these environments
will not be processed in any way: deleted content is commented
out, new content is not marked up

[ Default:  "comment"  ]

"VERBATIMLINEENV"
RegEx describing environments like verbatim, whose contents
should be taken verbatim. The content of environments described
by VERBATIMLINEENV are compared in line mode, and changes are
marked up using the listings package. The markup style is set
based on the chosen mains markup type (Option -t), or on an
analysis of the preamble.  Note that "listings.sty" must be
to treat VERBATIMLINEENV environments treated exactly the same
way as VERBATIMENV environments.

[ Default:  "(?:verbatim[*]?|lstlisting"  ]

COMMON PROBLEMS AND FAQ
Citations result in overfull boxes
There is an incompatibility between the "ulem" package, which
"latexdiff" uses for underlining and striking out in the
UNDERLINE style, the default style, and the way citations are
generated. In order to be able to mark up citations properly,
they are enclosed with an "\mbox" command. As mboxes cannot be
broken across lines, this procedure frequently results in
overfull boxes, possibly obscuring the content as it extends
beyond the right margin.  The same occurs for some other
packages (e.g., siunitx). If this is a problem, you have two
possibilities.

1. Use "CFONT" type markup (option "-t CFONT"): If this markup
is chosen, then changed citations are no longer marked up with
the wavy line (additions) or struck out (deletions), but are
still highlighted in the appropriate color, and deleted text is
shown with a different font. Other styles not using the "ulem"
package will also work.

2. Choose option "--disable-citation-markup" which turns off
the marking up of citations: deleted citations are no longer
shown, and added citations are shown without markup. (This was
the default behaviour of latexdiff at versions 0.6 and older)

For custom packages you can define the commands which need to
be protected by "\mbox" with "--append-mboxsafecmd" and
"--excludemboxsafecmd" options (submit your lists of command as
feature request at github page to set the default behaviour of
future versions, see section 6)

Changes in complicated mathematical equations result in latex processing
errors
Try options "--math-markup=whole".   If even that fails, you
can turn off mark up for equations with "--math-markup=off".

How can I just show the pages where changes had been made
Use options -"-s ZLABEL"  (some postprocessing required) or "-s
ONLYCHANGEDPAGE". "latexdiff-vc --ps|--pdf" with
"--only-changes" option takes care of the post-processing for
you (requires zref package to be installed).

BUGS
Option allow-spaces not implemented entirely consistently. It breaks the
rules that number and type of white space does not matter, as different
numbers of inter-argument spaces are treated as significant.

Please submit bug reports using the issue tracker of the github
repository page https://github.com/ftilmann/latexdiff.git, or send them
to tilmann -- AT -- gfz-potsdam.de.  Include the version number of
latexdiff (from comments at the top of the source or use --version).  If
you come across latex files that are error-free and conform to the
specifications set out above, and whose differencing still does not
result in error-free latex, please send me those files, ideally edited to
only contain the offending passage as long as that still reproduces the
problem. If your file relies on non-standard class files, you must
include those.  I will not look at examples where I have trouble to latex
the original files.

latexrevise, latexdiff-vc

PORTABILITY
latexdiff does not make use of external commands and thus should run on
any platform  supporting Perl 5.6 or higher.  If files with encodings
other than ASCII or UTF-8 are processed, Perl 5.8 or higher is required.

The standard version of latexdiff requires installation of the Perl
package "Algorithm::Diff" (available from www.cpan.org -
http://search.cpan.org/~nedkonz/Algorithm-Diff-1.15) but a stand-alone
version, latexdiff-so, which has this package inlined, is available, too.
latexdiff-fast requires the diff command to be present.

AUTHOR
Version 1.3.0 Copyright (C) 2004-2018 Frederik Tilmann

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License Version 3

Contributors of fixes and additions: V. Kuhlmann, J. Paisley, N. Becker,
T. Doerges, K. Huebner, T. Connors, Sebastian Gouezel and many others.
Thanks to the many people who sent in bug reports, feature suggestions,
and other feedback.

perl v5.28.1                       2018-12-26                       LATEXDIFF(1)`