lilo

LILO(8)                     System Manager's Manual                    LILO(8)



åå
       lilo - ãã¼ããã¼ã ãã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ãã

æ¸å¼
       主ãªä½¿ãæ¹:

        /sbin/lilo - ãã¼ããã¼ããã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ãã

       ä»ã®ä½¿ãæ¹:

        /sbin/lilo -q - ãããã調ã¹ã
        /sbin/lilo -R - 次åã®ãªãã¼ãã§ããã©ã«ãã¨ãªãã³ãã³ãã©ã¤ã³ãã©ã¡ã¼ã¿ãè¨å®ãã
        /sbin/lilo -I - ç¾å¨ã®ã«ã¼ãã«ã®ãã¹åã調ã¹ã
        /sbin/lilo -A - ãã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ãã¢ã¯ãã£ãã«ãã /
       ã¢ã¯ãã£ããªãã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ã表示ãã
        /sbin/lilo -M [-z] - ããã¤ã¹ã®ãã¹ã¿ãã¼ãã¬ã³ã¼ããæ¸ãè¾¼ã -
       ã¾ãã¯ããã¤ã¹ã·ãªã¢ã«çªå·ãæ¶å»ãã
        /sbin/lilo -T æå®ãããããã¯ã«ã¤ãã¦è©³ç´°ã表示ãã
        /sbin/lilo {-u|-U} - lilo ãã¢ã³ã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ãã

説æ
       lilo ã¯ã次åãã¼ãæã«æå¹ã¨ãªããã¼ããã¼ããã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ããã 以ä¸ã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ãããã

       -A master-device [ N ]
              ããã¤ã¹ master-device (ä¾ãã° "/dev/hda")
              ã«ããã¢ã¯ãã£ããªãã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ã調ã¹ãã 1 ã 4 ã®ç¯å²ã®æ°å‐
              ãä»ãã¦æå®ããã¨ã master-device
              ã«ããæå®ããããã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ãã¢ã¯ãã£ãã«ãããã

       -b bootdev
              ãã¼ãããã¤ã¹ãæå®ããã ã¤ã¾ãããã¼ããã¼ããã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ããå ´æãæå®ããã "-b
              /dev/hda" ã¯ãã¹ã¿ã¼ãã¼ãã¬ã³ã¼ããæå®ããã "-b /dev/sdb5" ã¯äºã¤ç®ã®
              SCSI ãã£ã¹ã¯ã®æåã®æ¡å¼µãã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ãæå®ããã

       -c     ãããã®å§ç¸®ãæå¹ã«ããã ããã«ãããé£ãåã£ãã»ã¯ã¿ããã® read
              ãªã¯ã¨ã¹ããã²ã¨ã¾ã¨ãã«ãªãã ãã¼ãã®ã¹ãã¼ããä¸ãã (ç¹ã«ããããã¼ã®å ´å)ã

       -C config-file
              lilo ã¯ããã©ã«ãã§ã¯è¨å®ãæå®ããããã¡ã¤ã«ããèªã¿è¾¼ãã
              ãã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¯ããã©ã«ãã®è¨å®ãã¡ã¤ã« /etc/lilo.conf
              以å¤ãç¨ããå ´åã«ä½¿ãã

       -d delay
              èªåçã«æåã®ã¤ã¡ã¼ã¸ããã¼ãããã¾ã§ã® é延æéã 1/10 ç§åä½ã§æå®ãã (20 =
              2 ç§ã§ãã)ã Shift, Alt, Ctrl, ScrollLock, CapsLock ãªã©ã§
              èªåãã¼ãããã»ã¹ãä¸æããããã®ä½è£ãä¸ããã ä¸æããã㨠`boot:' ã¨ãããã‐
              ã³ããã表示ãããã ãã®ã¹ã¤ããã¯è¨å®ãã¡ã¤ã« config-file ã« prompt
              ãããå ´åã¯ä¸æ¸ããããã

       -D label
              ãã¼ãæã«ãªã¹ãã®æåã«ç¾ããããã©ã«ãã«ã¼ãã«ã®ä»£ããã«ã
              æå®ãããã©ãã«ã®ã«ã¼ãã«ã使ç¨ããã

       -f disk-tab
              ãã£ã¹ã¯ã¸ãªã¡ããªãã©ã¡ã¼ã¿ãã¡ã¤ã«ãæå®ãã (ããã©ã«ã㯠/etc/disktab-g     sector/head/cylinder (ã¸ãªã¡ããª) ãã£ã¹ã¯ã¢ãã¬ã¹ãçæããã cylinders
              㯠1023 ã¾ã§ã«å¶éãããã å¤ããã¼ã¸ã§ã³ã® LILO ã¨äºææ§ãããããã«ããã

       -i boot-loader
              ãã¼ããã¼ãã¨ãã¦ä½¿ããã¡ã¤ã«ãæå®ãã (ããã©ã«ã㯠/boot/boot.b-I label [i|r]
              ã¹ã¿ã¼ãã¢ããå¾ã«ãç°å¢å¤æ° BOOT_IMAGE ã¾ãã¯
              ä»®æ³ãã¡ã¤ã«`/proc/cmdline' ã§å®è¡ããã«ã¼ãã«ã®ã©ãã«ã åç§ã§ããããããã
              ãã®ã³ãã³ãã¯ä¸è´ããã«ã¼ãã«ãã¡ã¤ã«ã¾ãã¯
              åæã©ã ãã£ã¹ã¯ãã¡ã¤ã«ã®ãã¹åã表示ãã (ãããã "i" ã¾ã㯠"r"
              ãªãã·ã§ã³ã§æå®ãã)ã

       -l     sector/head/cylinder ã¢ãã¬ã¹ã®ä»£ããã«ã 24 ããã linear sector
              ã¢ãã¬ã¹ãçæããã

       -L     C:H:S ã¢ãã¬ã¹ã§ã¯ãªãã32 ãããè«çãããã¯ã¢ãã¬ã¹ (LBA) ãçæããã
              ããã«ããã1024 ã·ãªã³ã以ä¸ãããã£ã¹ã¯ã®
              å¨ã¦ã®ãã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ã«ã¢ã¯ã»ã¹ã§ããã

       -m map-file
              ããã©ã«ãã®ããããã¡ã¤ã«ã®ä»£ããã«æå®ããããã¡ã¤ã«ã使ç¨ããã

       -M master-device [ mbr-file ]
              master-device ã§æå®ãããããã¤ã¹ã®ãã¹ã¿ãã¼ãã¬ã³ã¼ã (MBR)
              ãã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ããã 第 2 å¼ãæ°ã§ãã¡ã¤ã«ãæå®ããªãéãã ããã©ã«ãã§ã¯æ°ãã
              MBR 㯠"/boot/mbr.b" ããã³ãã¼ãããã master-device
              ã®ãã©ã¤ããªãã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ãã¼ãã«ã¯éç½®ãããªãã
              ããã¤ã¹ã·ãªã¢ã«çªå·ããªãå ´åã¯ãçæã㦠MBR ã«æ¸ãè¾¼ãã

       -p     è¨å®ãã¡ã¤ã«ã«ãã㦠"" ã§æå®ããã¦ããå¨ã¦ã®ãã¹ã¯ã¼ãã対話çã«å¥åãããã

       -P {fix|ignore}
              linear ã¢ãã¬ã¹ã¨  sector/head/cylinder
              ã¢ãã¬ã¹ãä¸è´ããªããªã£ããªã©ã®
              ãç°å¸¸ãã®è¦ã¤ãã£ããã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ãã¼ãã«ã修復ãããã¯ç¡è¦ããã

       -q     ç¾å¨ã®ããããã¡ã¤ã«ã®å容ã表示ããã lilo ã¯ããã©ã«ã㧠/boot/map
              ã使ç¨ããããã®ãã¡ã¤ã«ã«ã¯ãã¼ãå¯è½ãª (è¤æ°ã®) ã«ã¼ãã«ã®ååã¨
              ãã®å ´æãå¥ã£ã¦ããã ãã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¯ãã®ä¸ã«ããã«ã¼ãã«ã®ååã表示ããã
              -v ãªãã·ã§ã³ã使ãã¨ã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ãããã¼ããã¼ãã«é¢ãã
              ãã詳ããæå ±ãå¾ãããã

       -r root-directory
              æä½ãè¡ãåã«ã chroot ã§ã«ã¼ããã£ã¬ã¯ããªãå¤æ´ããã
              æ°ããã«ã¼ããã£ã¬ã¯ããªã¯ /dev ãã£ã¬ã¯ããªãå«ã¾ãªããã°ãªããã /boot
              ãã£ã¬ã¯ããªãå¿è¦ãªå ´åãããã ããã« /etc/lilo.conf
              ãã¡ã¤ã«ãå¿è¦ãªå ´åãããã

              ã·ã§ã«ã¹ã¯ãªãã mkbootdisk ã§ãã¼ãå¯è½ãªããããã¼ãä½æããã¨ãã«ä½¿ãããã

       -R command line
              ãã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¯æ¬¡åãã¼ãæã«ä½¿ç¨ãããããã©ã«ãã®ã³ãã³ãã è¨å®ããããã¼ãã‐
              ã¼ãã¯æ¬¡åãã¼ãå¾ãã®è¨å®ãç ´æ£ããã è¨‐
              å®ãããã³ãã³ããæå¹ãªã®ã¯ä¸åéãã§ããã
              å¸åçãªä½¿ç¨æ³ã¯ãªãã¼ãã¹ã¯ãªããã®ä¸ã§ã`shutdown -r' ãè¡ãåãªã©ã§ããã
              å¼ãæ°ãªãã§ä½¿ãã¨ãã³ãã³ãã©ã¤ã³ lock-ed ã fallback ã ãã£ã³ã»ã«ãããã

       -s save-file
              lilo ããã¼ãã»ã¯ã¿ã¼ãä¸æ¸ãããã¨ãã以åã®å容ãä¿åããã®ã«ããã©ã«ãã§ã¯
              /boot/boot.NNNN ã使ç¨ããã NNNN ãä½ã«ãªããã¯ããã¤ã¹ã«ä¾åããã
              ãã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¯ããã®ä»£ããã«ãã¼ãã»ã¯ã¿ãä¿åãããã¡ã¤ã«åãæå®ãã
              (ã¾ãã¯ã-u ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¨å±ã«æå®ãããã¼ãã»ã¯ã¿ã復æ§ãããã¡ã¤ã«åã
              æå®ãã)ã

       -S save-file
              é常ã lilo ã¯æ¢ã«ããã»ã¼ããã¡ã¤ã«ãä¸æ¸ãããªããããã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ãæå®ããã¨
              ä¸æ¸ããããã

       -t     ãã¹ããè¡ãããã¼ãã»ã¯ã¿ã¼ãããããã¡ã¤ã«ã¯æ¸æããªãã ããã -v ã¨å±ã«æå®ããã¨ã
              lilo ãä½ãè¡ããã確èªã§ããã

       -T option
              ã·ã¹ãã æå ±ã表示ããã ãã®ãã¡ããã¤ãã¯ã·ã¹ãã  BIOS ããã®æå ±ã§ããã
              ããã¯åé¡ã®ããã·ã¹ãã ã LILO 診æããããã¼ã§èµ·åããããã便å©ã§ããã option
              ã¯ä»¥ä¸ã®ãã¡ã²ã¨ã¤ã§ããã

                 help  - 使ç¨å¯è½ãªè¨ºæã®ãªã¹ãã表示ããã
                 ChRul - CHANGE-RULES ã§æå®ããã¦ãããã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³
                         ã¿ã¤ãã表示ããã
                 EBDA  - æ¡å¼µ BIOS ãã¼ã¿ã¨ãªã¢æå ±ã®ä¸è¦§ã表示ããã
                 geom=<drive> BIOS ãã©ã¤ãã®ãã©ã¤ãã¸ãªã¡ããªã表示ããã
                         ä¾: geom=0x80
                 geom  - å¨ã¦ã®ãã©ã¤ãã®ãã©ã¤ãã¸ãªã¡ããªã®ä¸è¦§ã表示ããã
                 table=<drive> ãã©ã¤ããªãã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ãã¼ãã«ã表示ããã
                         ä¾: table=/dev/sda
                 video - ãã¼ããã¼ãã使ç¨å¯è½ãªã°ã©ãã£ãã¯ã¢ã¼ãã表示ããã

       -u [device-name]
              ä¿åããããã¼ãã»ã¯ã¿ãã³ãã¼ã㦠lilo ãã¢ã³ã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ããã device-name
              ã¯æå®ããªãã¦ãããã ãã®éã¿ã¤ã ã¹ã¿ã³ãããã§ãã¯ããã

       -U [device-name]
              ä¸ã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¨åæ§ã ãã¿ã¤ã ã¹ã¿ã³ãããã§ãã¯ããªãã

       -v     ããå¤ãã®æå ±ãåºåãããä¸ã¤ã¾ãã¯è¤æ°ã® -v ãªãã·ã§ã³ã ä¸ãããã¨ã§ lilo
              ãåºåããæå ±ãããå¤ããªãã ã¾ãã¯ã-v n (n=1..5) ã®å½¢ã§ 詳細度ã¬ãã«ã
              'n' ã«ã§ããã

       -V     ãã¼ã¸ã§ã³çªå·ã表示ããã

       -w     è¦åã¡ãã»ã¼ã¸ã表示ãããªãã

       -x option
              RAID ã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ã®å ´åã®ã¿ã option 㯠none, auto, mbr-only
              ã®ããããããããã¯ãã®ä»ã®ãã¼ãããã¤ã¹ã ã³ã³ãã§åºåã£ã¦ãªã¹ãã«ãããã®ã§ãã
              (ãªã¹ãã«ç©ºç½ãå¥ãã¦ã¯ãªããªã)ã

       -z     -M ã¹ã¤ããã¨ã¨ãã«ä½¿ç¨ããã¨ãããã¤ã¹ã·ãªã¢ã«çªå·ãæ¶å»ããã
              é常ã¯æ¬¡ã®ãããªããæ¹ã§ãæ°ããããã¤ã¹ã·ãªã¢ã«çªå·ãçæããã®ã«ä½¿ããã:
                   lilo -z -M /dev/hda
                   lilo -M /dev/hda

       å·¦ã®ã³ãã³ãã©ã¤ã³ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¯ãå³ã®è¨å®ãã¡ã¤ã«ã§ã®ãã¼ã¯ã¼ã㨠åãæå³ã§ããã

              -b bootdev       boot=bootdev
              -c               compact
              -d dsec          delay=dsec
              -D label         default=label
              -i boot-loader   install=boot-loader
              -f file          disktab=file
              -g               geometric
              -l               linear
              -L               lba32
              -m mapfile       map=mapfile
              -P fix           fix-table
              -P ignore        ignore-table
              -s file          backup=file
              -S file          force-backup=file
              -v [N]           verbose=level

ãã¼ããªãã·ã§ã³
       ããã§èª¬æãããªãã·ã§ã³ã¯ãã«ã¼ãã«ã¤ã¡ã¼ã¸ããã¼ããããã¨ãã«
       ã³ãã³ãã©ã¤ã³ã§æå®ãããã¨ãã§ããã ç¹ã«è¨è¿°ããªããã°ã ãããã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¯ LILO
       ã«ãã£ã¦å¦çããã ã«ã¼ãã«ã«æ¸¡ãããã³ãã³ãã©ã¤ã³ããåé¤ãããã

       lock   'lilo.conf' 㧠'lock' ãæå®ãããã¨ãã®ããã«ã ã³ãã³ãã©ã¤ã³ãããã¯ããã

       mem=###[,K,M]
              ã·ã¹ãã ã®æ大ã¡ã¢ãªããã¤ãã»ãããã¤ãã»ã¡ã¬ãã¤ãåä½ã§æå®ããã
              ãã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¯ã³ãã³ãã©ã¤ã³ããåé¤ãããã常ã«ã«ã¼ãã«ã«æ¸¡ãããã

       nobd   BIOS ãã¼ã¿ãåéãããªãã ãã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ã¯ã (以ä¸ã®ããã«) è¡ã®çµãã« "s"
              ã表示ãã¦ãã³ã°ã¢ãããããããªã IBM éäºæã® BIOS
              ã§ä½¿ç¨ããããã«äºç´ããã¦ããã
                   Loading.........s

       vga=[ASK,EXT,EXTENDED,NORMAL]
              ã«ã¼ãã«ã®ã¹ã¿ã¼ãã¢ããæã®ããã©ã«ãã®ãããªã¢ã¼ããä¸æ¸ãããã

éäºææ§
       lilo ã 2.2.x ã«ã¼ãã«ããå°å¥ããã reiserfs ã¨ç¨ããã¨ãã«ã¯ããã¡ã¤ã«ã·ã¹ãã ã
       'notail' ãªãã·ã§ã³ã§ãã¦ã³ãããªã㨠åé¡ãçãããã¨ãç¥ããã¦ããã ãã®éäºææ§ã¯
       reiserfs 3.6.18 㨠lilo 21.6 ã§è§£æ±ºããã¦ããã

       ãã¼ã¸ã§ã³ 22.0 ã®æåã®é ãRAID ã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ã§ã¯ ãã¼ãã¬ã³ã¼ãã RAID
       ãã¼ãã£ã·ã§ã³ã«æ¸ãè¾¼ãã§ããã 修復æã« RAID ã»ããããã¼ãå¯è½ã¨ããããã«ã
       æ¡ä»¶ã¤ã㧠MBR ã¸ã®æ¸ãè¾¼ã¿ãè¡ã£ã¦ãããã¯ãã ãã
       å®éã«ã¯ãã¹ã¦ã®ããã©ã«ãåä½ãå¤æ´ããã¦ãã¾ãã 以åã®ãã¼ã¸ã§ã³ã¨åãã¢ã¯ã·ã§ã³ã¯ã
       `-x mbr-only' ã¹ã¤ããã使ã£ã¦å®è¡ã§ããã

ãã°
       è¨å®ãã¡ã¤ã«ã®ãªãã·ã§ã³ `backup' 㨠`force-backup' ã¯ã RAID
       ã¤ã³ã¹ãã¼ã«ã§ã¯ãã¾ã®ã¨ããæ£ããå®è£ããã¦ããªãã
       ããã©ã«ãã®ãã¼ãã¬ã³ã¼ãã®ããã¯ã¢ããæ©æ§ã¯ãã¾ãåä½ãããããªã®ã§ã
       ãã¡ãã使ãã¹ãã§ããã

é¢é£é ç®
       fdisk(8), lilo.conf(5), mkrescue(8), mkinitrd(8).

       lilo ã®ãã£ã¹ããªãã¥ã¼ã·ã§ã³ã«ã¯å¤ãã®ããã¥ã¡ã³ããå«ã¾ãã¦ããã (lilo 22.1)

èè
       Werner Almesberger <almesber@lrc.epfl.ch> (ver.21 以å)
       John Coffman <johninsd@san.rr.com> (ver.21.2 以é)



                                  31 Oct 2001                          LILO(8)