LOADKEYS(1)                 General Commands Manual                LOADKEYS(1)

       loadkeys - load keyboard translation tables

       loadkeys [ -a --ascii ] [ -b --bkeymap ] [ -c --clearcompose ] [ -C
       '<FILE>' | --console=<FILE> ] [ -d --default ] [ -h --help ] [ -m
       --mktable ] [ -p --parse ] [ -q --quiet ] [ -s --clearstrings ] [ -u
       --unicode ] [ -v --verbose ] [ -V --version ] [ filename...  ]

       The program loadkeys reads the file or files specified by filename....
       Its main purpose is to load the kernel keymap for the console.  You can
       specify console device by the -C (or --console ) option.

       If the -d (or --default ) option is given, loadkeys loads a default
       keymap, probably the file defkeymap.map either in
       /usr/share/kbd/keymaps or in /usr/src/linux/drivers/char.  (Probably
       the former was user-defined, while the latter is a qwerty keyboard map
       for PCs - maybe not what was desired.)  Sometimes, with a strange
       keymap loaded (with the minus on some obscure unknown modifier
       combination) it is easier to type `loadkeys defkeymap'.

       The main function of loadkeys is to load or modify the keyboard
       driver's translation tables.  When specifying the file names, standard
       input can be denoted by dash (-). If no file is specified, the data is
       read from the standard input.

       For many countries and keyboard types appropriate keymaps are available
       already, and a command like `loadkeys uk' might do what you want. On
       the other hand, it is easy to construct one's own keymap. The user has
       to tell what symbols belong to each key. She can find the keycode for a
       key by use of showkey(1), while the keymap format is given in
       keymaps(5) and can also be seen from the output of dumpkeys(1).

       If the input file does not contain any compose key definitions, the
       kernel accent table is left unchanged, unless the -c (or --clearcompose
       ) option is given, in which case the kernel accent table is emptied.
       If the input file does contain compose key definitions, then all old
       definitions are removed, and replaced by the specified new entries.
       The kernel accent table is a sequence of (by default 68) entries
       describing how dead diacritical signs and compose keys behave.  For
       example, a line

              compose ',' 'c' to ccedilla

       means that <ComposeKey><,><c> must be combined to <ccedilla>.  The
       current content of this table can be see using `dumpkeys

       The option -s (or --clearstrings ) clears the kernel string table. If
       this option is not given, loadkeys will only add or replace strings,
       not remove them.  (Thus, the option -s is required to reach a well-
       defined state.)  The kernel string table is a sequence of strings with
       names like F31. One can make function key F5 (on an ordinary PC
       keyboard) produce the text `Hello!', and Shift+F5 `Goodbye!' using

              keycode 63 = F70 F71
              string F70 = "Hello!"
              string F71 = "Goodbye!"

       in the keymap.  The default bindings for the function keys are certain
       escape sequences mostly inspired by the VT100 terminal.

       If the -m (or --mktable ) option is given loadkeys prints to the
       standard output a file that may be used as /usr/src/linux/drivers/char‐
       /defkeymap.c, specifying the default key bindings for a kernel (and
       does not modify the current keymap).

       If the -b (or --bkeymap ) option is given loadkeys prints to the
       standard output a file that may be used as a binary keymap as expected
       by Busybox loadkmap command (and does not modify the current keymap).

       loadkeys automatically detects whether the console is in Unicode or
       ASCII (XLATE) mode.  When a keymap is loaded, literal keysyms (such as
       section) are resolved accordingly; numerical keysyms are converted to
       fit the current console mode, regardless of the way they are specified
       (decimal, octal, hexadecimal or Unicode).

       The -u (or --unicode) switch forces loadkeys to convert all keymaps to
       Unicode.  If the keyboard is in a non-Unicode mode, such as XLATE,
       loadkeys will change it to Unicode for the time of its execution.  A
       warning message will be printed in this case.

       It is recommended to run kbd_mode(1) before loadkeys instead of using
       the -u option.

       -a --ascii
              Force conversion to ASCII.

       -h --help
              loadkeys prints its version number and a short usage message to
              the programs standard error output and exits.

       -p --parse
              loadkeys searches and parses keymap without action.

       -q --quiet
              loadkeys suppresses all normal output.

       -V --version
              loadkeys prints version number and exits.

       Note that anyone having read access to /dev/console can run loadkeys
       and thus change the keyboard layout, possibly making it unusable. Note
       that the keyboard translation table is common for all the virtual
       consoles, so any changes to the keyboard bindings affect all the
       virtual consoles simultaneously.

       Note that because the changes affect all the virtual consoles, they
       also outlive your session. This means that even at the login prompt the
       key bindings may not be what the user expects.

              default directory for keymaps

              default kernel keymap

       dumpkeys(1), keymaps(5)

                                  6 Feb 1994                       LOADKEYS(1)