locale

LOCALE(1)                       Linux User Manual                      LOCALE(1)



NAME
       locale - get locale-specific information

SYNOPSIS
       locale [option]
       locale [option] -a
       locale [option] -m
       locale [option] name...

DESCRIPTION
       The locale command displays information about the current locale, or all
       locales, on standard output.

       When invoked without arguments, locale displays the current locale
       settings for each locale category (see locale(5)), based on the settings
       of the environment variables that control the locale (see locale(7)).
       Values for variables set in the environment are printed without double
       quotes, implied values are printed with double quotes.

       If either the -a or the -m option (or one of their long-format
       equivalents) is specified, the behavior is as follows:

       -a, --all-locales
              Display a list of all available locales.  The -v option causes the
              LC_IDENTIFICATION metadata about each locale to be included in the
              output.

       -m, --charmaps
              Display the available charmaps (character set description files).
              To display the current character set for the locale, use locale -c
              charmap.

       The locale command can also be provided with one or more arguments, which
       are the names of locale keywords (for example, date_fmt, ctype-class-
       names, yesexpr, or decimal_point) or locale categories (for example,
       LC_CTYPE or LC_TIME).  For each argument, the following is displayed:

       *  For a locale keyword, the value of that keyword to be displayed.

       *  For a locale category, the values of all keywords in that category are
          displayed.

       When arguments are supplied, the following options are meaningful:

       -c, --category-name
              For a category name argument, write the name of the locale
              category on a separate line preceding the list of keyword values
              for that category.

              For a keyword name argument, write the name of the locale category
              for this keyword on a separate line preceding the keyword value.

              This option improves readability when multiple name arguments are
              specified.  It can be combined with the -k option.

       -k, --keyword-name
              For each keyword whose value is being displayed, include also the
              name of that keyword, so that the output has the format:

                  keyword="value"

       The locale command also knows about the following options:

       -v, --verbose
              Display additional information for some command-line option and
              argument combinations.

       -?, --help
              Display a summary of command-line options and arguments and exit.

       --usage
              Display a short usage message and exit.

       -V, --version
              Display the program version and exit.

FILES
       /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive
              Usual default locale archive location.

       /usr/share/i18n/locales
              Usual default path for locale definition files.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

EXAMPLES
       $ locale
       LANG=en_US.UTF-8
       LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_PAPER="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_NAME="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_ADDRESS="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.UTF-8"
       LC_ALL=

       $ locale date_fmt
       %a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y

       $ locale -k date_fmt
       date_fmt="%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y"

       $ locale -ck date_fmt
       LC_TIME
       date_fmt="%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y"

       $ locale LC_TELEPHONE
       +%c (%a) %l
       (%a) %l
       11
       1
       UTF-8

       $ locale -k LC_TELEPHONE
       tel_int_fmt="+%c (%a) %l"
       tel_dom_fmt="(%a) %l"
       int_select="11"
       int_prefix="1"
       telephone-codeset="UTF-8"

       The following example compiles a custom locale from the ./wrk directory
       with the localedef(1) utility under the $HOME/.locale directory, then
       tests the result with the date(1) command, and then sets the environment
       variables LOCPATH and LANG in the shell profile file so that the custom
       locale will be used in the subsequent user sessions:

       $ mkdir -p $HOME/.locale
       $ I18NPATH=./wrk/ localedef -f UTF-8 -i fi_SE $HOME/.locale/fi_SE.UTF-8
       $ LOCPATH=$HOME/.locale LC_ALL=fi_SE.UTF-8 date
       $ echo "export LOCPATH=\$HOME/.locale" >> $HOME/.bashrc
       $ echo "export LANG=fi_SE.UTF-8" >> $HOME/.bashrc

SEE ALSO
       localedef(1), charmap(5), locale(5), locale(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 5.08 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                              2020-06-09                          LOCALE(1)