lpr

lpr(1)                            Apple Inc.                            lpr(1)



NAME
       lpr - print files

SYNOPSIS
       lpr [ -E ] [ -H server[:port] ] [ -U username ] [ -P
       destination[/instance] ] [ -# num-copies [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -m ] [ -o
       option[=value] ] [ -p ] [ -q ] [ -r ] [ -C title ] [ -J title ] [ -T
       title ] [ file(s) ]

DESCRIPTION
       lpr submits files for printing.  Files named on the command line are
       sent to the named printer or the default destination if no destination
       is specified.  If no files are listed on the command-line, lpr reads
       the print file from the standard input.

   THE DEFAULT DESTINATION
       CUPS provides many ways to set the default destination. The LPDEST and
       PRINTER environment variables are consulted first.  If neither are set,
       the current default set using the lpoptions(1) command is used,
       followed by the default set using the lpadmin(8) command.

OPTIONS
       The following options are recognized by lpr:

       -E   Forces encryption when connecting to the server.

       -H server[:port]
            Specifies an alternate server.

       -C "name"

       -J "name"

       -T "name"
            Sets the job name/title.

       -P destination[/instance]
            Prints files to the named printer.

       -U username
            Specifies an alternate username.

       -# copies
            Sets the number of copies to print.

       -h   Disables banner printing. This option is equivalent to -o
            job-sheets=none.

       -l   Specifies that the print file is already formatted for the
            destination and should be sent without filtering.  This option is
            equivalent to -o raw.

       -m   Send an email on job completion.

       -o option[=value]
            Sets a job option.  See "COMMON JOB OPTIONS" below.

       -p   Specifies that the print file should be formatted with a shaded
            header with the date, time, job name, and page number.  This
            option is equivalent to -o prettyprint and is only useful when
            printing text files.

       -q   Hold job for printing.

       -r   Specifies that the named print files should be deleted after
            submitting them.

   COMMON JOB OPTIONS
       Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1)
       command, the following generic options are available:

       -o collate=true
            Prints collated copies.

       -o fit-to-page
            Scales the print file to fit on the page.

       -o job-hold-until=when
            Holds the job until the specified local time.  "when" can be
            "indefinite" to hold the until released, "day-time" to print the
            job between 6am and 6pm local time, "night" to print the job
            between 6pm and 6am local time, "second-shift" to print the job
            between 4pm and 12am local time, "third-shift" to print the job
            between 12am and 8am local time, or "weekend" to print the job on
            Saturday or Sunday.

       -o job-hold-until=hh:mm
            Holds the job until the specified time in hours and minutes UTC.

       -o job-priority=priority
            Set the priority to a value from 1 (lowest) to 100 (highest),
            which influences when a job is scheduled for printing.  The
            default priority is typically 50.

       -o job-sheets=name
            Prints a cover page (banner) with the document.  The "name" can be
            "classified", "confidential", "secret", "standard", "topsecret",
            or "unclassified".

       -o job-sheets=start-name,end-name
            Prints cover pages (banners) with the document.

       -o media=size
            Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least the
            size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".

       -o mirror
            Mirrors each page.

       -o number-up={2|4|6|9|16}
            Prints 2, 4, 6, 9, or 16 document (input) pages on each output
            page.

       -o number-up-layout=layout
            Specifies the layout of pages with the "number-up" option.  The
            "layout" string can be "btlr", "btrl", "lrbt", "lrtb", "rlbt",
            "rltb", "tblr", or "tbrl" - the first two letters determine the
            column order while the second two letters determine the row order.
            "bt" is bottom-to-top, "lr" is left-to-right, "rl" is right-to-
            left, and "tb" is top-to-bottom.

       -o orientation-requested=4
            Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees counter-
            clockwise).

       -o orientation-requested=5
            Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees clockwise).

       -o orientation-requested=6
            Prints the job in reverse portrait (rotated 180 degrees).

       -o outputorder=reverse
            Prints pages in reverse order.

       -o page-border=border
            Prints a border around each document page.  "border" is "double",
            "double-thick", "single", or "single-thick".

       -o page-ranges=page-list
            Specifies which pages to print in the document.  The list can
            contain a list of numbers and ranges (#-#) separated by commas,
            e.g., "1,3-5,16".  The page numbers refer to the output pages and
            not the document's original pages - options like "number-up" can
            affect the numbering of the pages.

       -o sides=one-sided
            Prints on one side of the paper.

       -o sides=two-sided-long-edge
            Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.

       -o sides=two-sided-short-edge
            Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.

NOTES
       The -c, -d, -f, -g, -i, -n, -t, -v, and -w options are not supported by
       CUPS and produce a warning message if used.

EXAMPLES
       Print two copies of a document to the default printer:

           lpr -# 2 filename

       Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":

           lpr -P foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename

       Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "foo":

           lpr -P foo -o number-up=2 filename

SEE ALSO
       cancel(1), lp(1), lpadmin(8), lpoptions(1), lpq(1), lprm(1), lpstat(1),
       CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help)

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright © 2007-2017 by Apple Inc.



2 May 2016                           CUPS                               lpr(1)