LYNX(1)                      General Commands Manual                     LYNX(1)

       lynx - a general purpose distributed information browser for the World
       Wide Web

       lynx [options] [optional paths or URLs]

       lynx [options] [path or URL] -get_data

       lynx [options] [path or URL] -post_data

       Use “lynx -help” to display a complete list of current options.

       Lynx is a fully-featured World Wide Web (WWW) client for users running
       cursor-addressable, character-cell display devices (e.g., vt100
       terminals, vt100 emulators running on Windows 95/NT/XP/7/8 or any POSIX
       platform, or any other “curses-oriented” display).  It will display
       hypertext markup language (HTML) documents containing links to files
       residing on the local system, as well as files residing on remote systems
       running Gopher, HTTP, FTP, WAIS, and NNTP servers.  Current versions of
       Lynx run on Unix, VMS, Windows 95/NT/XP/7/8, DOS DJGPP and OS/2.

       Lynx can be used to access information on the World Wide Web, or to build
       information systems intended primarily for local access.  For example,
       Lynx has been used to build several Campus Wide Information Systems
       (CWIS).  In addition, Lynx can be used to build systems isolated within a
       single LAN.

       At start up, Lynx will load any local file or remote URL specified at the
       command line.  For help with URLs, press “?”  or “H” while running Lynx.
       Then follow the link titled, “Help on URLs.”

       If more than one local file or remote URL is listed on the command line,
       Lynx will open only the last interactively.  All of the names (local
       files and remote URLs) are added to the G)oto history.

       Lynx uses only long option names.  Option names can begin with double
       dash “--” as well, underscores and dashes can be intermixed in option
       names (in the reference below, options are shown with one dash “-” before
       them, and with underscores “_”).

       Lynx provides many command-line options.  Some options require a value
       (string, number or keyword).  These are noted in the reference below.
       The other options set boolean values in the program.  There are three
       types of boolean options: set, unset and toggle.  If no option value is
       given, these have the obvious meaning: set (to true), unset (to false),
       or toggle (between true/false).  For any of these, an explicit value can
       be given in different forms to allow for operating system constraints,


       Lynx recognizes “1”, “+”, “on” and “true” for true values, and “0”, “-”,
       “off” and “false” for false values.  Other option-values are ignored.

       The default boolean, number and string option values that are compiled
       into Lynx are displayed in the help-message provided by lynx -help.  Some
       of those may differ according to how Lynx was built; see the help message
       itself for these values.  The -help option is processed in the third pass
       of options-processing, so any option which sets a value, as well as
       runtime configuration values are reflected in the help-message.

       -      If the argument is only “-”, then Lynx expects to receive the
              arguments from the standard input.  This is to allow for the
              potentially very long command line that can be associated with the
              -get_data or -post_data arguments (see below).  It can also be
              used to avoid having sensitive information in the invoking command
              line (which would be visible to other processes on most systems),
              especially when the -auth or -pauth options are used.

              accept all cookies.

              apply restrictions for anonymous account, see also -restrictions.

              charset for documents that do not specify it.

              charset assumed for local files, i.e., files which Lynx creates
              such as internal pages for the options menu.

              use this instead of unrecognized charsets.

              set authorization ID and password for protected documents at
              startup.  Be sure to protect any script files which use this

       -base  prepend a request URL comment and BASE tag to text/html outputs
              for -source dumps.

              specify a local bibp server (default http://bibhost/).

       -blink forces high intensity background colors for color mode, if
              available and supported by the terminal.  This applies to the
              slang library (for a few terminal emulators), or to OS/2 EMX with

       -book  use the bookmark page as the startfile.  The default or command
              line startfile is still set for the Main screen command, and will
              be used if the bookmark page is unavailable or blank.

              toggles scanning of news articles for buried references, and
              converts them to news links.  Not recommended because email
              addresses enclosed in angle brackets will be converted to false
              news links, and uuencoded messages can be trashed.

              set the NUMBER of documents cached in memory.  The default is 10.

       -case  enable case-sensitive string searching.

              Toggle center alignment in HTML TABLE.

              specifies a Lynx configuration file other than the default

       -child exit on left-arrow in startfile, and disable save to disk and
              associated print/mail options.

              exit on left-arrow in startfile, but allow save to disk and
              associated print/mail options.

              write keystroke commands and related information to the specified

              read keystroke commands from the specified file.  You can use the
              data written using the -cmd_log option.  Lynx will ignore other
              information which the command-logging may have written to the
              logfile.  Each line of the command script contains either a
              comment beginning with “#”, or a keyword:

                 causes the script to stop, and forces Lynx to exit immediately.

                 the character value, in printable form.  Cursor and other
                 special keys are given as names, e.g., “Down Arrow”.  Printable
                 7-bit ASCII codes are given as-is, and hexadecimal values
                 represent other 8-bit codes.

                 followed by a “name=value” allows one to override values set in
                 the lynx.cfg or .lynxrc files.  Lynx tries the cfg-file setting

              toggles collapsing of BR tags.

       -color forces color mode on, if available.  Default color control
              sequences which work for many terminal types are assumed if the
              terminal capability description does not specify how to handle
              color.  Lynx needs to be compiled with the slang library for this
              flag, it is equivalent to setting the COLORTERM environment
              variable.  (If color support is instead provided by a color-
              capable curses library like ncurses, Lynx relies completely on the
              terminal description to determine whether color mode is possible,
              and this flag is not needed and thus unavailable.)  A saved
              show_color=always setting found in a .lynxrc file at startup has
              the same effect.  A saved show_color=never found in .lynxrc on
              startup is overridden by this flag.

              Sets the connection timeout, where N is given in seconds.

              specifies a file to use to read cookies.  If none is specified,
              the default value is ~/.lynx_cookies for most systems, but
              ~/cookies for MS-DOS.

              specifies a file to use to store cookies.  If none is specified,
              the value given by -cookie_file is used.

              toggles handling of Set-Cookie headers.

       -core  toggles forced core dumps on fatal errors.  Turn this option off
              to ask Lynx to force a core dump if a fatal error occurs.

       -crawl with -traversal, output each page to a file.  with -dump, format
              output as with -traversal, but to the standard output.

              toggles the use of curses “pad” feature which supports left/right
              scrolling of the display.  The feature is normally available for
              curses configurations, but inactive.  To activate it, use the “|”
              character or the LINEWRAP_TOGGLE command.  Toggling this option
              makes the feature altogether unavailable.

              separate incremental display stages with MessageSecs delay

              toggles the default-colors feature which is normally set in the
              lynx.cfg file.

       -delay add DebugSecs delay after each progress-message

              set the display variable for X rexec-ed programs.

              set the charset for the terminal output.

              inhibit wrapping of text when -dump'ing and -crawl'ing, mark
              wrapped lines of <pre> in interactive session.

       -dump  dumps the formatted output of the default document or those
              specified on the command line to standard output.  Unlike
              interactive mode, all documents are processed.  This can be used
              in the following way:

                  lynx -dump

              Files specified on the command line are formatted as HTML if their
              names end with one of the standard web suffixes such as “.htm” or
              “.html”.  Use the -force_html option to format files whose names
              do not follow this convention.

              enable external editing, using the specified EDITOR.  (vi, ed,
              emacs, etc.)

              enable emacs-like key movement.

              toggles compatibility with communication programs' scrollback keys
              (may be incompatible with some curses packages).

              define a file where Lynx will report HTTP access codes.

       -exec  enable local program execution (normally not configured).

              include all versions of files in local VMS directory listings.

              toggle memory leak-checking.  Normally this is not compiled-into
              your executable, but when it is, it can be disabled for a session.

              force HREF-less “A” elements to be empty (close them as soon as
              they are seen).

              forces the first document to be interpreted as HTML.

              This is most useful when processing files specified on the command
              line which have an unrecognized suffix (or the suffix is
              associated with a non-HTML type, such as “.txt” for plain text

              Lynx recognizes these file suffixes as HTML:

                  “.sht”, and

              toggles forcing of the secure flag for SSL cookies.

              toggles whether the Options Menu is key-based or form-based.

       -from  toggles transmissions of From headers.

       -ftp   disable ftp access.

              properly formatted data for a get form are read in from the
              standard input and passed to the form.  Input is terminated by a
              line that starts with “---”.

              Lynx issues an HTTP GET, sending the form to the path or URL given
              on the command-line and prints the response of the server.  If no
              path or URL is given, Lynx sends the form to the start-page.

       -head  send a HEAD request for the mime headers.

       -help  print the Lynx command syntax usage message, and exit.

              control the display of hidden links.

                 hidden links show up as bracketed numbers and are numbered
                 together with other links in the sequence of their occurrence
                 in the document.

                 hidden links are shown only on L)ist screens and listings
                 generated by -dump or from the P)rint menu, but appear
                 separately at the end of those lists.  This is the default

                 hidden links do not appear even in listings.

              toggles use of “>” or “-->” as a terminator for comments.

              set homepage separate from start page.

              toggles inclusion of links for all images.

              set the default index file to the specified URL.

       -ismap toggles inclusion of ISMAP links when client-side MAPs are

              do justification of text.

              starting count for lnk#.dat files produced by -crawl.

              for -dump, show the links inline with the text.

              for -dump, show only the list of links.

              disable URLs that point to remote hosts.

              enable local program execution from local files only (if Lynx was
              compiled with local execution enabled).

              specify filename containing color-style information.  The default
              is lynx.lss.  If you give an empty filename, Lynx uses a built-in
              monochrome scheme which imitates the non-color-style

              prints the MIME header of a fetched document along with its

              toggles minimal versus valid comment parsing.

              toggles nested-tables logic (for debugging).

              number of articles in chunked news listings.

              maximum news articles in listings before chunking.

              disable bold video-attribute.

              disable directory browsing.

       -nocc  disable Cc: prompts for self copies of mailings.  Note that this
              does not disable any CCs which are incorporated within a mailto
              URL or form ACTION.

              force color mode off, overriding terminal capabilities and any
              -color flags, COLORTERM variable, and saved .lynxrc settings.

              disable local program execution.  (DEFAULT)

              disable transmissions of Referer headers for file URLs.

              disable the link list feature in dumps.

       -nolog disable mailing of error messages to document owners.

              disable left/right margins in the default style sheet.

              disable -more- string in statusline messages.

              This flag is not available on all systems, Lynx needs to be
              compiled with HAVE_SIGACTION defined.  If available, this flag may
              cause Lynx to react more immediately to window changes when run
              within an xterm.

              disable link- and field-numbering.  This overrides -number_fields
              and -number_links.

              disable forced pauses for statusline messages.

              disable most print functions.

              prevents automatic redirection and prints a message with a link to
              the new URL.

              disable transmissions of Referer headers.

              disable reverse video-attribute.

              disable SOCKS proxy usage by a SOCKSified Lynx.

              disable the retrieval status messages.

              disable title and blank line from top of page.

              disable underline video-attribute.

              force numbering of links as well as form input fields

              force numbering of links.

              toggles display partial pages while loading.

              number of lines to render before repainting display with partial-
              display logic

              toggles passive ftp connections.

              set authorization ID and password for a protected proxy server at
              startup.  Be sure to protect any script files which use this

       -popup toggles handling of single-choice SELECT options via popup windows
              or as lists of radio buttons.

              properly formatted data for a post form are read in from the
              standard input and passed to the form.  Input is terminated by a
              line that starts with “---”.

              Lynx issues an HTTP POST, sending the form to the path or URL
              given on the command-line and prints the response of the server.
              If no path or URL is given, Lynx sends the form to the start-page.

              show HTML source preparsed and reformatted when used with -source
              or in source view.

              show HTML source view with lexical elements and tags in color.

       -print enable print functions.  (default)

              toggles pseudo-ALTs for inline images with no ALT string.

       -raw   toggles default setting of 8-bit character translations or CJK
              mode for the startup character set.

       -realm restricts access to URLs in the starting realm.

              Sets the read-timeout, where N is given in seconds.

              flushes the cache on a proxy server (only the first document given
              on the command-line is affected).

              allows a list of services to be disabled selectively.  Dashes and
              underscores in option names can be intermixed.  The following list
              is printed if no options are specified.

                 restricts all options listed below.

                 disallow changing the location of the bookmark file.

                 disallow execution links via the bookmark file.

                 disallow changing the eXecute permission on files (but still
                 allow it for directories) when local file management is

                 same as command line option -anonymous.  Disables default
                 services for anonymous users.  Set to all restricted, except
                 for: inside_telnet, outside_telnet, inside_ftp, outside_ftp,
                 inside_rlogin, outside_rlogin, inside_news, outside_news,
                 telnet_port, jump, mail, print, exec, and goto.  The settings
                 for these, as well as additional goto restrictions for specific
                 URL schemes that are also applied, are derived from definitions
                 within userdefs.h.

                 disallow local file management.

                 disallow saving to disk in the download and print menus.

                 disallow access to, or creation of, hidden (dot) files.

                 disallow some downloaders in the download menu (does not imply
                 disk_save restriction).

                 disallow external editing.

                 disable execution scripts.

                 disallow the user from changing the local execution option.

                 disallow some “EXTERNAL” configuration lines if support for
                 passing URLs to external applications (with the EXTERN command)
                 is compiled in.

                 disallow using G)oto, served links or bookmarks for file: URLs.

                 disable the “g” (goto) command.

                 disallow ftps for people coming from inside your domain (utmp
                 required for selectivity).

                 disallow USENET news posting for people coming from inside your
                 domain (utmp required for selectivity).

                 disallow rlogins for people coming from inside your domain
                 (utmp required for selectivity).

                 disallow telnets for people coming from inside your domain
                 (utmp required for selectivity).

                 disable the “j” (jump) command.

                 disallow multiple bookmarks.

                 disallow mail.

                 disallow USENET News posting.

                 disallow saving options in .lynxrc.

                 disallow ftps for people coming from outside your domain (utmp
                 required for selectivity).

                 disallow USENET news reading and posting for people coming from
                 outside your domain (utmp required for selectivity).  This
                 restriction applies to “news”, “nntp”, “newspost”, and
                 “newsreply” URLs, but not to “snews”, “snewspost”, or
                 “snewsreply” in case they are supported.

                 disallow rlogins for people coming from outside your domain
                 (utmp required for selectivity).

                 disallow telnets for people coming from outside your domain
                 (utmp required for selectivity).

                 disallow most print options.

                 disallow shell escapes and lynxexec or lynxprog G)oto's.

                 disallow Unix Control-Z suspends with escape to shell.

                 disallow specifying a port in telnet G)oto's.

                 disallow modifications of the User-Agent header.

              toggles forced resubmissions (no-cache) of forms with method POST
              when the documents they returned are sought with the PREV_DOC
              command or from the History List.

              disable recognition of rlogin commands.

              toggles showing scrollbar.

              toggles showing arrows at ends of the scrollbar.

              require .www_browsable files to browse directories.

              resumes from specified file on startup and saves session to that
              file on exit.

              resumes session from specified file.

              saves session to specified file.

              show very long URLs in the status line with “...” to represent the
              portion which cannot be displayed.  The beginning and end of the
              URL are displayed, rather than suppressing the end.

              Print the configuration settings, e.g., as read from “lynx.cfg”,
              and exit.

              If enabled the cursor will not be hidden in the right hand corner
              but will instead be positioned at the start of the currently
              selected link.  Show cursor is the default for systems without
              FANCY_CURSES capabilities.  The default configuration can be
              changed in userdefs.h or lynx.cfg.  The command line switch
              toggles the default.

              If enabled the transfer rate is shown in bytes/second.  If
              disabled, no transfer rate is shown.  Use lynx.cfg or the options
              menu to select KB/second and/or ETA.

              toggles emulation of the old Netscape and Mosaic bug which treated
              “>” as a co-terminator for double-quotes and tags.

              works the same as dump but outputs HTML source instead of
              formatted text.  For example

                  lynx -source . >foo.html

              generates HTML source listing the files in the current directory.
              Each file is marked by an HREF relative to the parent directory.
              Add a trailing slash to make the HREF's relative to the current

                  lynx -source ./ >foo.html

              disable SIGINT cleanup handler

              allow non-http startfile and homepage with -validate.

              When dumping a document using -dump or -source, Lynx normally does
              not display alert (error) messages that you see on the screen in
              the status line.  Use the -stderr option to tell Lynx to write
              these messages to the standard error.

       -stdin read the startfile from standard input (UNIX only).

              information for syslog call.

              log requested URLs with syslog.

              initialize parser, using Tag Soup DTD rather than SortaSGML.

              disable recognition of telnet commands.

              tell Lynx what terminal type to assume it is talking to.  (This
              may be useful for remote execution, when, for example, Lynx
              connects to a remote TCP/IP port that starts a script that, in
              turn, starts another Lynx process.)

              For win32, sets the network read-timeout, where N is given in

       -tlog  toggles between using a Lynx Trace Log and stderr for trace output
              from the session.

       -tna   turns on “Textfields Need Activation” mode.

       -trace turns on Lynx trace mode.  Destination of trace output depends on

              turn on optional traces, which may result in very large trace
              files.  Logically OR the values to combine options:

              1  SGML character parsing states

              2  color-style

              4  TRST (table layout)

              8  configuration (lynx.cfg, .lynxrc, .lynx-keymaps, mime.types and
                 mailcap contents)

              16 binary string copy/append, used in form data construction.

              32 cookies

              64 character sets

                 GridText parsing


              traverse all http links derived from startfile.  When used with
              -crawl, each link that begins with the same string as startfile is
              output to a file, intended for indexing.

              See CRAWL.announce for more information.

              toggles trimming of trailing blank lines as well as the related
              trimming of blank lines while collapsing BR tags.

              trim input text/textarea fields in forms.

              toggles use of underline/bold attribute for links.

              toggles use of _underline_ format in dumps.

              check for duplicate link numbers in each page and corresponding
              lists, and reuse the original link number.

              turn on mouse support, if available.  Clicking the left mouse
              button on a link traverses it.  Clicking the right mouse button
              pops back.  Click on the top line to scroll up.  Click on the
              bottom line to scroll down.  The first few positions in the top
              and bottom line may invoke additional functions.  Lynx must be
              compiled with ncurses or slang to support this feature.  If
              ncurses is used, clicking the middle mouse button pops up a simple
              menu.  Mouse clicks may only work reliably while Lynx is idle
              waiting for input.

              set alternate Lynx User-Agent header.

              accept only http URLs (for validation).  Complete security
              restrictions also are implemented.

              toggle [LINK], [IMAGE] and [INLINE] comments with filenames of
              these images.

              print version information, and exit.

              enable vi-like key movement.

              enable Waterloo tcp/ip packet debug (print to watt debugfile).
              This applies only to DOS versions compiled with WATTCP or WATT-32.

              number of columns for formatting of dumps, default is 80.  This is
              limited by the number of columns that Lynx could display,
              typically 1024 (the MAX_LINE symbol).

              emit backspaces in output if -dump'ing or -crawl'ing (like man

              tells Lynx that it can ignore certain tags which have no content
              in an XHTML 1.0 document.  For example “<p/>” will be discarded.

       More than one key can be mapped to a given command.  Here are some of the
       most useful:

       •   Use Up arrow and Down arrow to scroll through hypertext links.

       •   Right arrow or Return will follow a highlighted hypertext link.

       •   Left Arrow or “u” will retreat from a link.

       •   Type “H”, “?”, or F1 for online help and descriptions of key-stroke

       •   Type “k” or “K” for a list of the current key-stroke command

           If the same command is mapped to the same letter differing only by
           upper/lowercase only the lowercase mapping is shown.

       •   Type Delete to view history list.

       In addition to various “standard” environment variables such as HOME,
       PATH, USER, DISPLAY, TMPDIR, etc, Lynx utilizes several Lynx-specific
       environment variables, if they exist.

       Others may be created or modified by Lynx to pass data to an external
       program, or for other reasons.  These are listed separately below.

       See also the sections on SIMULATED CGI SUPPORT and NATIVE LANGUAGE
       SUPPORT, below.

       Note:  Not all environment variables apply to all types of platforms
       supported by Lynx, though most do.  Feedback on platform dependencies is

       Environment Variables Used By Lynx:

       COLORTERM           If set, color capability for the terminal is forced
                           on at startup time.  The actual value assigned to the
                           variable is ignored.  This variable is only
                           meaningful if Lynx was built using the slang screen-
                           handling library.

       LYNX_CFG            This variable, if set, will override the default
                           location and name of the global configuration file
                           (normally, lynx.cfg) that was defined by the
                           LYNX_CFG_FILE constant in the userdefs.h file, during

                           See the userdefs.h file for more information.

       LYNX_CFG_PATH       If set, this variable overrides the compiled-in
                           search-list of directories used to find the
                           configuration files, e.g., lynx.cfg and lynx.lss.
                           The list is delimited with ":" (or ";" for Windows)
                           like the PATH environment variable.

       LYNX_HELPFILE       If set, this variable overrides the compiled-in URL
                           and configuration file URL for the Lynx help file.

       LYNX_LOCALEDIR      If set, this variable overrides the compiled-in
                           location of the locale directory which contains
                           native language (NLS) message text.

       LYNX_LSS            This variable, if set, specifies the location of the
                           default Lynx character style sheet file.  [Currently
                           only meaningful if Lynx was built using curses color
                           style support.]

       LYNX_SAVE_SPACE     This variable, if set, will override the default path
                           prefix for files saved to disk that is defined in the
                           lynx.cfg SAVE_SPACE: statement.

                           See the lynx.cfg file for more information.

       LYNX_TEMP_SPACE     This variable, if set, will override the default path
                           prefix for temporary files that was defined during
                           installation, as well as any value that may be
                           assigned to the TMPDIR variable.

       MAIL                This variable specifies the default inbox Lynx will
                           check for new mail, if such checking is enabled in
                           the lynx.cfg file.

       NEWS_ORGANIZATION   This variable, if set, provides the string used in
                           the Organization: header of USENET news postings.  It
                           will override the setting of the ORGANIZATION
                           environment variable, if it is also set (and, on
                           UNIX, the contents of an /etc/organization file, if

       NNTPSERVER          If set, this variable specifies the default NNTP
                           server that will be used for USENET news reading and
                           posting with Lynx, via news: URL's.

       ORGANIZATION        This variable, if set, provides the string used in
                           the Organization: header of USENET news postings.  On
                           UNIX, it will override the contents of an
                           /etc/organization file, if present.

       PROTOCOL_proxy      Lynx supports the use of proxy servers that can act
                           as firewall gateways and caching servers.  They are
                           preferable to the older gateway servers (see
                           WWW_access_GATEWAY, below).

                           Each protocol used by Lynx, (http, ftp, gopher, etc),
                           can be mapped separately by setting environment
                           variables of the form PROTOCOL_proxy.  Protocols are
                           indicated in a URI by the name before “:”, e.g.,
                           “http” in “http://some.server.dom:port/” for HTML.

                           Depending on your system configuration and supported
                           protocols, the environment variables recognized by
                           lynx may include


                           See Lynx Users Guide for additional details and

       SSL_CERT_DIR        Set to the directory containing trusted certificates.

       SSL_CERT_FILE       Set to the full path and filename for your file of
                           trusted certificates.

       WWW_access_GATEWAY  Lynx still supports use of gateway servers, with the
                           servers specified via “WWW_access_GATEWAY” variables
                           (where “access” is lower case and can be “http”,
                           “ftp”, “gopher” or “wais”).  However most gateway
                           servers have been discontinued.  Note that you do not
                           include a terminal “/” for gateways, but do for
                           proxies specified by PROTOCOL_proxy environment

                           See Lynx Users Guide for details.

       WWW_HOME            This variable, if set, will override the default
                           startup URL specified in any of the Lynx
                           configuration files.

       Environment Variables Set or Modified By Lynx:

       LYNX_PRINT_DATE     This variable is set by the Lynx p(rint) function, to
                           the Date: string seen in the document's “Information
                           about” page (= cmd), if any.  It is created for use
                           by an external program, as defined in a lynx.cfg
                           PRINTER: definition statement.  If the field does not
                           exist for the document, the variable is set to a null
                           string under UNIX, or “No Date” under VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_LASTMOD  This variable is set by the Lynx p(rint) function, to
                           the Last Mod: string seen in the document's
                           “Information about” page (= cmd), if any.  It is
                           created for use by an external program, as defined in
                           a lynx.cfg PRINTER: definition statement.  If the
                           field does not exist for the document, the variable
                           is set to a null string under UNIX, or “No LastMod”
                           under VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_TITLE    This variable is set by the Lynx p(rint) function, to
                           the Linkname: string seen in the document's
                           “Information about” page (= cmd), if any.  It is
                           created for use by an external program, as defined in
                           a lynx.cfg PRINTER: definition statement.  If the
                           field does not exist for the document, the variable
                           is set to a null string under UNIX, or “No Title”
                           under VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_URL      This variable is set by the Lynx p(rint) function, to
                           the URL: string seen in the document's “Information
                           about” page (= cmd), if any.  It is created for use
                           by an external program, as defined in a lynx.cfg
                           PRINTER: definition statement.  If the field does not
                           exist for the document, the variable is set to a null
                           string under UNIX, or “No URL” under VMS.

       LYNX_TRACE          If set, causes Lynx to write a trace file as if the
                           -trace option were supplied.

       LYNX_TRACE_FILE     If set, overrides the compiled-in name of the trace
                           file, which is either Lynx.trace or LY-TRACE.LOG (the
                           latter on the DOS/Windows platforms).  The trace file
                           is in either case relative to the home directory.

       LYNX_VERSION        This variable is always set by Lynx, and may be used
                           by an external program to determine if it was invoked
                           by Lynx.

                           See also the comments in the distribution's sample
                           mailcap file, for notes on usage in such a file.

       TERM                Normally, this variable is used by Lynx to determine
                           the terminal type being used to invoke Lynx.  If,
                           however, it is unset at startup time (or has the
                           value “unknown”), or if the -term command-line option
                           is used (see OPTIONS section above), Lynx will set or
                           modify its value to the user specified terminal type
                           (for the Lynx execution environment).  Note: If
                           set/modified by Lynx, the values of the LINES and/or
                           COLUMNS environment variables may also be changed.

       If built with the cgi-links option enabled, Lynx allows access to a cgi
       script directly without the need for an http daemon.

       When executing such “lynxcgi scripts” (if enabled), the following
       variables may be set for simulating a CGI environment:














       Other environment variables are not inherited by the script, unless they
       are provided via a LYNXCGI_ENVIRONMENT statement in the configuration
       file.  See the lynx.cfg file, and the (draft) CGI 1.1 Specification
       <http://Web.Golux.Com/coar/cgi/draft-coar-cgi-v11-00.txt> for the
       definition and usage of these variables.

       The CGI Specification, and other associated documentation, should be
       consulted for general information on CGI script programming.

       If configured and installed with Native Language Support, Lynx will
       display status and other messages in your local language.  See the file
       ABOUT_NLS in the source distribution, or at your local GNU site, for more
       information about internationalization.

       The following environment variables may be used to alter default

       LANG                This variable, if set, will override the default
                           message language.  It is an ISO 639 two-letter code
                           identifying the language.  Language codes are NOT the
                           same as the country codes given in ISO 3166.

       LANGUAGE            This variable, if set, will override the default
                           message language.  This is a GNU extension that has
                           higher priority for setting the message catalog than
                           LANG or LC_ALL.

       LC_ALL              and

       LC_MESSAGES         These variables, if set, specify the notion of native
                           language formatting style.  They are POSIXly correct.

       LINGUAS             This variable, if set prior to configuration, limits
                           the installed languages to specific values.  It is a
                           space-separated list of two-letter codes.  Currently,
                           it is hard-coded to a wish list.

       NLSPATH             This variable, if set, is used as the path prefix for
                           message catalogs.

       This is the Lynx v2.8.9 Release; development is in progress for 2.9.0.

       If you wish to contribute to the further development of Lynx, subscribe
       to our mailing list.  Send email to <> with
       “subscribe lynx-dev” as the only line in the body of your message.

       Send bug reports, comments, suggestions to <> after

       Unsubscribe by sending email to <> with
       “unsubscribe lynx-dev” as the only line in the body of your message.  Do
       not send the unsubscribe message to the lynx-dev list, itself.

       catgets(3), curses(3), environ(7), execve(2), ftp(1), gettext(GNU),
       localeconv(3), ncurses(3), setlocale(3), slang(?), termcap(5),
       terminfo(5), wget(GNU)

       Note that man page availability and section numbering is somewhat
       platform dependent, and may vary from the above references.

       A section shown as (GNU), is intended to denote that the topic may be
       available via an info page, instead of a man page (i.e., try “info
       subject”, rather than “man subject”).

       A section shown as (?) denotes that documentation on the topic exists,
       but is not part of an established documentation retrieval system (see the
       distribution files associated with the topic, or contact your System
       Administrator for further information).

       Lynx has incorporated code from a variety of sources along the way.  The
       earliest versions of Lynx included code from Earl Fogel of Computing
       Services at the University of Saskatchewan, who implemented HYPERREZ in
       the Unix environment.  HYPERREZ was developed by Niel Larson of
       and served as the model for the early versions of Lynx.  Those versions
       also incorporated libraries from the Unix Gopher clients developed at the
       University of Minnesota, and the later versions of Lynx rely on the WWW
       client library code developed by Tim Berners-Lee and the WWW community.
       Also a special thanks to Foteos Macrides who ported much of Lynx to VMS
       and did or organized most of its development since the departures of Lou
       Montulli and Garrett Blythe from the University of Kansas in the summer
       of 1994 through the release of v2.7.2, and to everyone on the net who has
       contributed to Lynx's development either directly (through patches,
       comments or bug reports) or indirectly (through inspiration and
       development of other systems).

       Lou Montulli, Garrett Blythe, Craig Lavender, Michael Grobe, Charles
       Academic Computing Services
       University of Kansas
       Lawrence, Kansas 66047

       Foteos Macrides
       Worcester Foundation for Biomedical Research
       Shrewsbury, Massachusetts 01545

       Thomas E. Dickey