mailaddr

MAILADDR(7)             Miscellaneous Information Manual           MAILADDR(7)

NAME
     mailaddr — mail addressing description

DESCRIPTION
     Mail addresses are based on the ARPANET protocol listed at the end of
     this manual page.  These addresses are in the general format

                 user@domain

     where a domain is a hierarchical, dot-separated list of subdomains.  For
     example, the address

                 eric@monet.berkeley.edu

     is normally interpreted from right to left: the message should go to the
     ARPA name tables (which do not correspond exactly to the physical
     ARPANET), then to the Berkeley gateway, after which it should go to the
     local host “monet”.  When the message reaches monet, it is delivered to
     the user “eric”.

     Unlike some other forms of addressing, this does not imply any routing.
     Thus, although this address is specified as an ARPA address, it might
     travel by an alternate route if that were more convenient or efficient.
     For example, at Berkeley, the associated message would probably go
     directly to monet over the Ethernet rather than going via the Berkeley
     ARPANET gateway.

   Abbreviation
     Under certain circumstances, it may not be necessary to type the entire
     domain name.  In general, anything following the first dot may be omitted
     if it is the same as the domain from which you are sending the message.
     For example, a user on “calder.berkeley.edu” could send to “eric@monet”
     without adding the “berkeley.edu” since it is the same on both sending
     and receiving hosts.

     Certain other abbreviations may be permitted as special cases.  For
     example, at Berkeley, ARPANET hosts may be referenced without adding the
     “berkeley.edu” as long as their names do not conflict with a local host
     name.

   Compatibility
     Certain old address formats are converted to the new format to provide
     compatibility with the previous mail system.  In particular,

                 user@host.ARPA

     is allowed and

                 host:user

     is converted to

                 user@host

     in order to be consistent with the rcp(1) command.

     Also, the syntax

                 host!user

     is converted to:

                 user@host.UUCP

     This is normally converted back to the “host!user” form before being sent
     on, for compatibility with older UUCP hosts.

     The current implementation is not able to route messages automatically
     through the UUCP network.  Until that time you must explicitly tell the
     mail system which hosts to send your message through to get to your final
     destination.

   Case Distinctions
     Domain names (i.e., anything after the “@” sign) may be given in any
     mixture of upper and lower case with the exception of UUCP hostnames.
     Most hosts accept any combination of case in user names, with the notable
     exception of MULTICS sites.

   Route-addrs.
     Under some circumstances it may be necessary to route a message through
     several hosts to get it to the final destination.  Normally this routing
     is done automatically, but sometimes it is desirable to route the message
     manually.  Addresses which show these relays are termed “route-addrs.”
     These use the syntax:

                 <@hosta,@hostb:user@hostc>

     This specifies that the message should be sent to hosta, from there to
     hostb, and finally to hostc.  This path is forced even if there is a more
     efficient path to hostc.

     Route-addrs occur frequently on return addresses, since these are
     generally augmented by the software at each host.  It is generally
     possible to ignore all but the “user@domain” part of the address to
     determine the actual sender.

   Postmaster
     Every site is required to have a user or user alias designated
     “postmaster” to which problems with the mail system may be addressed.

   Other Networks
     Some other networks can be reached by giving the name of the network as
     the last component of the domain.  This is not a standard feature and may
     not be supported at all sites.  For example, messages to CSNET or BITNET
     sites can often be sent to “user@host.CSNET” or “user@host.BITNET”,
     respectively.

BUGS
     The RFC822 group syntax (“group:user1,user2,user3;”) is not supported
     except in the special case of “LI group:;” because of a conflict with old
     berknet-style addresses.

     Route-Address syntax is grotty.

     UUCP- and ARPANET-style addresses do not coexist politely.

SEE ALSO
     mail(1), sendmail(8); Crocker, D. H., RFC822, “Standard for the Format of
     Arpa Internet Text Messages”.

4th Berkeley Distribution      February 14, 1989     4th Berkeley Distribution