MIGRATE_PAGES(2)           Linux Programmer's Manual          MIGRATE_PAGES(2)

       migrate_pages - move all pages in a process to another set of nodes

       #include <numaif.h>

       long migrate_pages(int pid, unsigned long maxnode,
                          const unsigned long *old_nodes,
                          const unsigned long *new_nodes);

       Link with -lnuma.

       migrate_pages() attempts to move all pages of the process pid that are
       in memory nodes old_nodes to the memory nodes in new_nodes.  Pages not
       located in any node in old_nodes will not be migrated.  As far as
       possible, the kernel maintains the relative topology relationship
       inside old_nodes during the migration to new_nodes.

       The old_nodes and new_nodes arguments are pointers to bit masks of node
       numbers, with up to maxnode bits in each mask.  These masks are
       maintained as arrays of unsigned long integers (in the last long
       integer, the bits beyond those specified by maxnode are ignored).  The
       maxnode argument is the maximum node number in the bit mask plus one
       (this is the same as in mbind(2), but different from select(2)).

       The pid argument is the ID of the process whose pages are to be moved.
       To move pages in another process, the caller must be privileged
       (CAP_SYS_NICE) or the real or effective user ID of the calling process
       must match the real or saved-set user ID of the target process.  If pid
       is 0, then migrate_pages() moves pages of the calling process.

       Pages shared with another process will be moved only if the initiating
       process has the CAP_SYS_NICE privilege.

       On success migrate_pages() returns the number of pages that could not
       be moved (i.e., a return of zero means that all pages were successfully
       moved).  On error, it returns -1, and sets errno to indicate the error.

       EFAULT Part or all of the memory range specified by old_nodes/new_nodes
              and maxnode points outside your accessible address space.

       EINVAL The value specified by maxnode exceeds a kernel-imposed limit.
              Or, old_nodes or new_nodes specifies one or more node IDs that
              are greater than the maximum supported node ID.  Or, none of the
              node IDs specified by new_nodes are on-line and allowed by the
              process's current cpuset context, or none of the specified nodes
              contain memory.

       EPERM  Insufficient privilege (CAP_SYS_NICE) to move pages of the
              process specified by pid, or insufficient privilege
              (CAP_SYS_NICE) to access the specified target nodes.

       ESRCH  No process matching pid could be found.

       The migrate_pages() system call first appeared on Linux in version

       This system call is Linux-specific.

       For information on library support, see numa(7).

       Use get_mempolicy(2) with the MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED flag to obtain the
       set of nodes that are allowed by the calling process's cpuset.  Note
       that this information is subject to change at any time by manual or
       automatic reconfiguration of the cpuset.

       Use of migrate_pages() may result in pages whose location (node)
       violates the memory policy established for the specified addresses (see
       mbind(2)) and/or the specified process (see set_mempolicy(2)).  That
       is, memory policy does not constrain the destination nodes used by

       The <numaif.h> header is not included with glibc, but requires
       installing libnuma-devel or a similar package.

       get_mempolicy(2), mbind(2), set_mempolicy(2), numa(3), numa_maps(5),
       cpuset(7), numa(7), migratepages(8), numastat(8)

       Documentation/vm/page_migration.rst in the Linux kernel source tree

       This page is part of release 5.08 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at

Linux                             2019-03-06                  MIGRATE_PAGES(2)