NAMEI(1)                          User Commands                         NAMEI(1)

       namei - follow a pathname until a terminal point is found

       namei [options] pathname...

       namei interprets its arguments as pathnames to any type of Unix file
       (symlinks, files, directories, and so forth).  namei then follows each
       pathname until an endpoint is found (a file, a directory, a device node,
       etc).  If it finds a symbolic link, it shows the link, and starts
       following it, indenting the output to show the context.

       This program is useful for finding "too many levels of symbolic links"

       For each line of output, namei uses the following characters to identify
       the file type found:

          f: = the pathname currently being resolved
           d = directory
           l = symbolic link (both the link and its contents are output)
           s = socket
           b = block device
           c = character device
           p = FIFO (named pipe)
           - = regular file
           ? = an error of some kind

       namei prints an informative message when the maximum number of symbolic
       links this system can have has been exceeded.

       -l, --long
              Use the long listing format (same as -m -o -v).

       -m, --modes
              Show the mode bits of each file type in the style of ls(1), for
              example 'rwxr-xr-x'.

       -n, --nosymlinks
              Don't follow symlinks.

       -o, --owners
              Show owner and group name of each file.

       -v, --vertical
              Vertically align the modes and owners.

       -x, --mountpoints
              Show mountpoint directories with a 'D' rather than a 'd'.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.

       To be discovered.

       The original namei program was written by Roger Southwick

       The program was rewritten by Karel Zak <>.

       ls(1), stat(1), symlink(7)

       The namei command is part of the util-linux package and is available from

util-linux                          June 2011                           NAMEI(1)