NEWSMAINT(8)                System Manager's Manual               NEWSMAINT(8)

       newshist - extract history line for news article(s)
       newsdaily - maintain news log files and report problems
       newswatch - keep an eye on news system for difficulties
       newsboot - clean up news debris on reboot
       locknews - lock news system
       addgroup, delgroup - add and delete newsgroups, locally only
       adddirs - make any missing directories for active newsgroups - create active.times file for news readers
       histfrom, newsfrom - list news arriving over specific time range
       addmissing - add missing news articles to history file

       /usr/lib/news/maint/newshist msgid ...
       /usr/lib/news/maint/newswatch [ spaceunit spacemin [ inbatchmax ] ]
       /usr/lib/news/maint/locknews [ -v ]
       /usr/lib/news/maint/addgroup group {y|n|m|x|=realgroup}
       /usr/lib/news/maint/delgroup group
       /usr/lib/news/maint/ activefile
       /usr/lib/news/maint/histfrom startdate [ enddate ]
       /usr/lib/news/maint/newsfrom startdate [ enddate ]
       /usr/lib/news/maint/addmissing [ -d ] [ -v ]

       These programs are utilities useful in maintaining a C News system and
       diagnosing problems in it.

       Newshist prints the history line for each article identified by a

       Newsdaily performs minor maintenance chores that typically should be
       done once a day for the news system: saving copies of log files and
       truncating them, reporting logged errors, checking for anomalies
       suggesting something is wrong, and cleaning out leftover files.
       Newsdaily saves one generation of old log files and three generations
       of old errlog and batchlog files.  It reports problems via report(8CN).

       Newswatch looks for indications of news problems on a shorter time
       scale than those reported by newsdaily, notably strangely-persistent
       lock files that may indicate a news-system failure.  If spaceunit and
       spacemin are specified, newswatch checks the incoming, articles,
       control, and outbound areas to confirm that there is room for at least
       spacemin files, each of length spaceunit bytes, in each, and reports it
       if not.  If inbatchmax is specified, newswatch inspects the incoming-
       news spooling area and reports if more than inbatchmax files are
       awaiting processing.  Newswatch delivers its report, if any, via
       report(8CN).  It typically should be run fairly frequently, perhaps
       once or twice an hour.

       Newsboot should be run from /etc/rc or the system's equivalent on
       reboot.  It cleans up files that the news system might have left lying
       about if the system crashed while news was being processed, notably old
       lock files.

       Locknews locks the news system (retrying until it succeeds), starts up
       a shell ($SHELL if set, otherwise the system's standard shell) with the
       PS1 and prompt environment variables prepended with executable
       reminders, and waits around to unlock the news system when that shell
       terminates.  This simplifies manual maintenance.  -v produces messages
       on standard error upon successful locking and unlocking; this is only
       needed by users of shells that import neither PS1 nor prompt to set
       their prompts, notably C shells.

       Addgroup and delgroup respectively add a newsgroup (with a specified
       flags field for the active file, normally `y' [see newsdb(5)]) and
       delete a newsgroup manually, with proper locking.  The effect is purely
       local; no control message (to propagate the change to other machines)
       is sent.

       Adddirs sweeps through the active file checking that directories exist
       for all newsgroups.  (Relaynews will create directories as needed, but
       some user-interface software gets upset if a newsgroup exists but its
       directory does not.)  This is mostly useful when adding groups in bulk,
       based on another site's active file. emits (on standard output) a new active.times file (see
       newsdb(5)) based on the contents of activefile, which should normally
       be /var/lib/news/active.

       Histfrom emits (on standard output) all history lines for unexpired
       articles arriving between startdate and enddate.  The dates must be
       acceptable to getabsdate (see newsaux(8CN)).  The default enddate is

       Newsfrom runs histfrom and processes its output to produce a list of
       absolute pathnames of articles arriving between startdate and enddate
       (default now).

       Addmissing scans the history file and the news-article tree to find
       articles that are not in the history file, and adds them to the file
       and the dbz database.  If the -d option is given, addmissing rebuilds
       the dbz database from scratch after adding the missing articles to the
       history file; this is a convenience for use in disaster-recovery
       situations where manual repairs to the history file have rendered the
       file incomplete and the dbz database invalid.  If the -v option is
       given, addmissing reports how many missing articles were found (and
       shows the resulting history lines, if there are not too many) on
       standard output.

       /var/lib/news/history   history file
       /var/lib/news/history.pagdbz database for history file
       /var/lib/news/history.dirdbz database for history file
       /var/lib/news/log       current news log
       /var/lib/news/log.o     previous news log
       /var/lib/news/errlog    current news-error log
       /var/lib/news/errlog.o* old news-error logs
       /var/lib/news/batchlog  current news-batcher log
       /var/lib/news/batchlog.o*old news-batcher logs
       /var/spool/news/in.cominginput-spooling area
       /var/spool/news/out.goingoutput-batching area
       /var/lib/news/watchtime last time newswatch was run
       /var/lib/news/active    list of current newsgroups
       /var/lib/news/active.oldbackup copy created by addgroup and delgroup
       /bin/sh                 standard Unix shell
       /bin/rc                 standard Plan 9 shell

       df(1), uucp(1), ls(1), ctime(3), getabsdate(3), grep(1), newsdb(5),
       cnewsdo(8CN), expire(8CN), newsbatch(8CN), report(8CN), rnews(8CN),

       Locknews complains and exits if it is unable to lock the news system
       due to inadequate permissions.

       Addmissing complains and exits if it is unable to lock the news system,
       if expire appears to be running, or if there is not enough space for a
       temporary copy of the history file and database.  It also notes the
       presence of articles which did not have intelligible headers (which are
       placed into history with an entry specifying immediate expiry).
       Complaints from it about articles being ``already present'' indicate a
       corrupt history file rather than merely missing articles; a complete
       rebuild is indicated if the offending entries cannot be identified and
       removed manually.

       Written as part of the C News project by Henry Spencer and Geoff

       Delgroup does not remove files or directories from /var/spool/news,
       although it prints a reminder to do so.

       Addmissing balks at dealing with articles which are already in history
       but with an incomplete list of pathnames.  This is very hard to fix.

       Addmissing will falsely think articles are missing—leading to the
       problem above—if a newsgroup name has a component longer than 14
       characters on a system which limits directory entries to 14.  This too
       is fairly hard to fix.

       Various nuisances can result if the maintenance utilities are run as
       root rather than as the owner of the news database.  It's difficult to
       defend against this.

                                 17 Sept 1994                     NEWSMAINT(8)