nfsd

rpc.nfsd(8)                 System Manager's Manual                rpc.nfsd(8)



NAME
       rpc.nfsd - NFS server process

SYNOPSIS
       /usr/sbin/rpc.nfsd [options] nproc

DESCRIPTION
       The rpc.nfsd program implements the user level part of the NFS service.
       The main functionality is handled by the nfsd kernel module. The user
       space program merely specifies what sort of sockets the kernel service
       should listen on, what NFS versions it should support, and how many
       kernel threads it should use.

       The rpc.mountd server provides an ancillary service needed to satisfy
       mount requests by NFS clients.

OPTIONS
       -d  or  --debug
              enable logging of debugging messages

       -H  or  --host hostname
              specify a particular hostname (or address) that NFS requests
              will be accepted on. By default, rpc.nfsd will accept NFS
              requests on all known network addresses.  Note that lockd (which
              performs file locking services for NFS) may still accept request
              on all known network addresses.  This may change in future
              releases of the Linux Kernel. This option can be used multiple
              time to listen to more than one interface.

       -p  or  --port port
              specify a different port to listen on for NFS requests. By
              default, rpc.nfsd will listen on port 2049.

       -r  or  --rdma
              specify that NFS requests on the standard RDMA port ("nfsrdma",
              port 20049) should be honored.

       --rdma=port
              Listen for RDMA requests on an alternate port - may be a number
              or a name listed in /etc/services.

       -N  or  --no-nfs-version vers
              This option can be used to request that rpc.nfsd does not offer
              certain versions of NFS. The current version of rpc.nfsd can
              support major NFS versions 2,3,4 and the minor versions 4.0, 4.1
              and 4.2.

       -s  or  --syslog
              By default, rpc.nfsd logs error messages (and debug messages, if
              enabled) to stderr. This option makes rpc.nfsd log these
              messages to syslog instead. Note that errors encountered during
              option processing will still be logged to stderr regardless of
              this option.

       -t  or  --tcp
              Instruct the kernel nfs server to open and listen on a TCP
              socket. This is the default.

       -T  or  --no-tcp
              Instruct the kernel nfs server not to open and listen on a TCP
              socket.

       -u  or  --udp
              Instruct the kernel nfs server to open and listen on a UDP
              socket.

       -U  or  --no-udp
              Instruct the kernel nfs server not to open and listen on a UDP
              socket. This is the default.

       -V  or  --nfs-version vers
              This option can be used to request that rpc.nfsd offer certain
              versions of NFS. The current version of rpc.nfsd can support
              major NFS versions 2,3,4 and the minor versions 4.0, 4.1 and
              4.2.

       -L  or  --lease-time seconds
              Set the lease-time used for NFSv4.  This corresponds to how
              often clients need to confirm their state with the server. Valid
              range is from 10 to 3600 seconds.

       -G  or  --grace-time seconds
              Set the grace-time used for NFSv4 and NLM (for NFSv2 and NFSv3).
              New file open requests (NFSv4) and new file locks (NLM) will not
              be allowed until after this time has passed to allow clients to
              recover state.

       nproc  specify the number of NFS server threads. By default, eight
              threads are started. However, for optimum performance several
              threads should be used. The actual figure depends on the number
              of and the work load created by the NFS clients, but a useful
              starting point is eight threads. Effects of modifying that
              number can be checked using the nfsstat(8) program.

       Note that if the NFS server is already running, then the options for
       specifying host, port, and protocol will be ignored.  The number of
       processes given will be the only option considered, and the number of
       active nfsd processes will be increased or decreased to match this
       number.  In particular rpc.nfsd 0 will stop all threads and thus close
       any open connections.


CONFIGURATION FILE
       Many of the options that can be set on the command line can also be
       controlled through values set in the [nfsd] section of the
       /etc/nfs.conf configuration file.  Values recognized include:

       threads
              The number of threads to start.

       host   A host name, or comma separated list of host names, that
              rpc.nfsd will listen on.  Use of the --host option replaces all
              host names listed here.

       grace-time
              The grace time, for both NFSv4 and NLM, in seconds.

       lease-time
              The lease time for NFSv4, in seconds.

       port   Set the port for TCP/UDP to bind to.

       rdma   Set RDMA port.  Use "rdma=nfsrdma" to enable standard port.

       UDP    Enable (with "on" or "yes" etc) or disable ("off", "no") UDP
              support.

       TCP    Enable or disable TCP support.

       vers2

       vers3

       vers4  Enable or disable a major NFS version.  3 and 4 are normally
              enabled by default.

       vers4.1

       vers4.2
              Setting these to "off" or similar will disable the selected
              minor versions.  Setting to "on" will enable them.  The default
              values are determined by the kernel, and usually minor versions
              default to being enabled once the implementation is sufficiently
              complete.


NOTES
       If the program is built with TI-RPC support, it will enable any
       protocol and address family combinations that are marked visible in the
       netconfig database.


SEE ALSO
       nfsd(7), rpc.mountd(8), exports(5), exportfs(8), nfs.conf(5),
       rpc.rquotad(8), nfsstat(8), netconfig(5).

AUTHOR
       Olaf Kirch, Bill Hawes, H. J. Lu, G. Allan Morris III, and a host of
       others.



                                  20 Feb 2014                      rpc.nfsd(8)