NSEQ(1)                              OpenSSL                             NSEQ(1)

       openssl-nseq, nseq - create or examine a Netscape certificate sequence

       openssl nseq [-help] [-in filename] [-out filename] [-toseq]

       The nseq command takes a file containing a Netscape certificate sequence
       and prints out the certificates contained in it or takes a file of
       certificates and converts it into a Netscape certificate sequence.

           Print out a usage message.

       -in filename
           This specifies the input filename to read or standard input if this
           option is not specified.

       -out filename
           Specifies the output filename or standard output by default.

           Normally a Netscape certificate sequence will be input and the output
           is the certificates contained in it. With the -toseq option the
           situation is reversed: a Netscape certificate sequence is created
           from a file of certificates.

       Output the certificates in a Netscape certificate sequence

        openssl nseq -in nseq.pem -out certs.pem

       Create a Netscape certificate sequence

        openssl nseq -in certs.pem -toseq -out nseq.pem

       The PEM encoded form uses the same headers and footers as a certificate:

        -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
        -----END CERTIFICATE-----

       A Netscape certificate sequence is a Netscape specific format that can be
       sent to browsers as an alternative to the standard PKCS#7 format when
       several certificates are sent to the browser: for example during
       certificate enrollment.  It is used by Netscape certificate server for

       This program needs a few more options: like allowing DER or PEM input and
       output files and allowing multiple certificate files to be used.

       Copyright 2000-2017 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use this
       file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy in the
       file LICENSE in the source distribution or at

1.1.1j                             2021-02-16                            NSEQ(1)