pack

pack(n)                      Tk Built-In Commands                      pack(n)



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NAME
       pack - Geometry manager that packs around edges of cavity

SYNOPSIS
       pack option arg ?arg ...?
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DESCRIPTION
       The pack command is used to communicate with the packer, a geometry
       manager that arranges the children of a parent by packing them in order
       around the edges of the parent.  The pack command can have any of
       several forms, depending on the option argument:

       pack slave ?slave ...? ?options?
              If the first argument to pack is a window name (any value
              starting with ``.''), then the command is processed in the same
              way as pack configure.

       pack configure slave ?slave ...? ?options?
              The arguments consist of the names of one or more slave windows
              followed by pairs of arguments that specify how to manage the
              slaves.  See ``THE PACKER ALGORITHM'' below for details on how
              the options are used by the packer.  The following options are
              supported:

              -after other
                     Other must the name of another window.  Use its master as
                     the master for the slaves, and insert the slaves just
                     after other in the packing order.

              -anchor anchor
                     Anchor must be a valid anchor position such as n or sw;
                     it specifies where to position each slave in its parcel.
                     Defaults to center.

              -before other
                     Other must the name of another window.  Use its master as
                     the master for the slaves, and insert the slaves just
                     before other in the packing order.

              -expand boolean
                     Specifies whether the slaves should be expanded to
                     consume extra space in their master.  Boolean may have
                     any proper boolean value, such as 1 or no.  Defaults to
                     0.

              -fill style
                     If a slave's parcel is larger than its requested
                     dimensions, this option may be used to stretch the slave.
                     Style must have one of the following values:

                     none   Give the slave its requested dimensions plus any
                            internal padding requested with -ipadx or -ipady.
                            This is the default.

                     x      Stretch the slave horizontally to fill the entire
                            width of its parcel (except leave external padding
                            as specified by -padx).

                     y      Stretch the slave vertically to fill the entire
                            height of its parcel (except leave external
                            padding as specified by -pady).

                     both   Stretch the slave both horizontally and
                            vertically.

              -in other
                     Insert the slave(s) at the end of the packing order for
                     the master window given by other.

              -ipadx amount
                     Amount specifies how much horizontal internal padding to
                     leave on each side of the slave(s).  Amount must be a
                     valid screen distance, such as 2 or .5c.  It defaults to
                     0.

              -ipady amount
                     Amount specifies how much vertical internal padding to
                     leave on each side of the slave(s).  Amount  defaults to
                     0.

              -padx amount
                     Amount specifies how much horizontal external padding to
                     leave on each side of the slave(s).  Amount defaults to
                     0.

              -pady amount
                     Amount specifies how much vertical external padding to
                     leave on each side of the slave(s).  Amount defaults to
                     0.

              -side side
                     Specifies which side of the master the slave(s) will be
                     packed against.  Must be left, right, top, or bottom.
                     Defaults to top.

              If no -in, -after or -before option is specified then each of
              the slaves will be inserted at the end of the packing list for
              its parent unless it is already managed by the packer (in which
              case it will be left where it is).  If one of these options is
              specified then all the slaves will be inserted at the specified
              point.  If any of the slaves are already managed by the geometry
              manager then any unspecified options for them retain their
              previous values rather than receiving default values.

       pack forget slave ?slave ...?
              Removes each of the slaves from the packing order for its master
              and unmaps their windows.  The slaves will no longer be managed
              by the packer.

       pack info slave
              Returns a list whose elements are the current configuration
              state of the slave given by slave in the same option-value form
              that might be specified to pack configure.  The first two
              elements of the list are ``-in master'' where master is the
              slave's master.

       pack propagate master ?boolean?
              If boolean has a true boolean value such as 1 or on then
              propagation is enabled for master, which must be a window name
              (see ``GEOMETRY PROPAGATION'' below).  If boolean has a false
              boolean value then propagation is disabled for master.  In
              either of these cases an empty string is returned.  If boolean
              is omitted then the command returns 0 or 1 to indicate whether
              propagation is currently enabled for master.  Propagation is
              enabled by default.

       pack slaves master
              Returns a list of all of the slaves in the packing order for
              master.  The order of the slaves in the list is the same as
              their order in the packing order.  If master has no slaves then
              an empty string is returned.


THE PACKER ALGORITHM
       For each master the packer maintains an ordered list of slaves called
       the packing list.  The -in, -after, and -before configuration options
       are used to specify the master for each slave and the slave's position
       in the packing list.  If none of these options is given for a slave
       then the slave is added to the end of the packing list for its parent.

       The packer arranges the slaves for a master by scanning the packing
       list in order.  At the time it processes each slave, a rectangular area
       within the master is still unallocated.  This area is called the
       cavity;  for the first slave it is the entire area of the master.

       For each slave the packer carries out the following steps:

       [1]    The packer allocates a rectangular parcel for the slave along
              the side of the cavity given by the slave's -side option.  If
              the side is top or bottom then the width of the parcel is the
              width of the cavity and its height is the requested height of
              the slave plus the -ipady and -pady options.  For the left or
              right side the height of the parcel is the height of the cavity
              and the width is the requested width of the slave plus the
              -ipadx and -padx options.  The parcel may be enlarged further
              because of the -expand option (see ``EXPANSION'' below)

       [2]    The packer chooses the dimensions of the slave.  The width will
              normally be the slave's requested width plus twice its -ipadx
              option and the height will normally be the slave's requested
              height plus twice its -ipady option.  However, if the -fill
              option is x or both then the width of the slave is expanded to
              fill the width of the parcel, minus twice the -padx option.  If
              the -fill option is y or both then the height of the slave is
              expanded to fill the width of the parcel, minus twice the -pady
              option.

       [3]    The packer positions the slave over its parcel.  If the slave is
              smaller than the parcel then the -anchor option determines where
              in the parcel the slave will be placed.  If -padx or -pady is
              non-zero, then the given amount of external padding will always
              be left between the slave and the edges of the parcel.

       Once a given slave has been packed, the area of its parcel is
       subtracted from the cavity, leaving a smaller rectangular cavity for
       the next slave.  If a slave doesn't use all of its parcel, the unused
       space in the parcel will not be used by subsequent slaves.  If the
       cavity should become too small to meet the needs of a slave then the
       slave will be given whatever space is left in the cavity.  If the
       cavity shrinks to zero size, then all remaining slaves on the packing
       list will be unmapped from the screen until the master window becomes
       large enough to hold them again.


EXPANSION
       If a master window is so large that there will be extra space left over
       after all of its slaves have been packed, then the extra space is
       distributed uniformly among all of the slaves for which the -expand
       option is set.  Extra horizontal space is distributed among the
       expandable slaves whose -side is left or right, and extra vertical
       space is distributed among the expandable slaves whose -side is top or
       bottom.


GEOMETRY PROPAGATION
       The packer normally computes how large a master must be to just exactly
       meet the needs of its slaves, and it sets the requested width and
       height of the master to these dimensions.  This causes geometry
       information to propagate up through a window hierarchy to a top-level
       window so that the entire sub-tree sizes itself to fit the needs of the
       leaf windows.  However, the pack propagate command may be used to turn
       off propagation for one or more masters.  If propagation is disabled
       then the packer will not set the requested width and height of the
       packer.  This may be useful if, for example, you wish for a master
       window to have a fixed size that you specify.


RESTRICTIONS ON MASTER WINDOWS
       The master for each slave must either be the slave's parent (the
       default) or a descendant of the slave's parent.  This restriction is
       necessary to guarantee that the slave can be placed over any part of
       its master that is visible without danger of the slave being clipped by
       its parent.


PACKING ORDER
       If the master for a slave is not its parent then you must make sure
       that the slave is higher in the stacking order than the master.
       Otherwise the master will obscure the slave and it will appear as if
       the slave hasn't been packed correctly.  The easiest way to make sure
       the slave is higher than the master is to create the master window
       first:  the most recently created window will be highest in the
       stacking order.  Or, you can use the raise and lower commands to change
       the stacking order of either the master or the slave.


KEYWORDS
       geometry manager, location, packer, parcel, propagation, size



Tk                                    4.0                              pack(n)