PHP-FPM(8)                    Scripting Language                    PHP-FPM(8)

       php-fpm - PHP FastCGI Process Manager 'PHP-FPM'

       php-fpm [options]

       PHP is a widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is
       especially suited for Web development and can be embedded into HTML.
       This is a variant of PHP that will run in the background as a daemon,
       listening for CGI requests. Output is logged to /var/log/php-fpm.log.

       Most options are set in the configuration file. The configuration file
       is /etc/php-fpm.conf. By default, php-fpm will respond to CGI requests
       listening on localhost http port 9000. Therefore php-fpm expects your
       webserver to forward all requests for '.php' files to port 9000 and you
       should edit your webserver configuration file appropriately.

       -C             Do not chdir to the script's directory

       --php-ini path|file
       -c path|file   Look for php.ini file in the directory path or use the
                      specified file

       -n             No php.ini file will be used

       --define foo[=bar]
       -d foo[=bar]   Define INI entry foo with value bar

       -e             Generate extended information for debugger/profiler

       -h             This help

       -i             PHP information and configuration

       -m             Show compiled in modules

       -v             Version number --prefix path

       -p             Specify alternative prefix path (the default is /usr)

       --pid file
       -g             Specify the PID file location.

       --fpm-config file
       -y             Specify alternative path to FastCGI process manager
                      configuration file (the default is /etc/php-fpm.conf)

       -t             Test FPM configuration file and exit If called twice
                      (-tt), the configuration is dumped before exiting.

       -D             Force to run in background and ignore daemonize option
                      from configuration file.

       -F             Force to stay in foreground and ignore daemonize option
                      from configuration file.

       -O             Force output to stderr in nodaemonize even if stderr is
                      not a TTY.

       -R             Allow pool to run as root (disabled by default)

       php-fpm.conf   The configuration file for the php-fpm daemon.

       php.ini        The standard php configuration file.

       Once started, php-fpm then responds to several POSIX signals:

              SIGINT,SIGTERM      immediate termination
              SIGQUIT             graceful stop
              SIGUSR1             re-open log file
              SIGUSR2,SIGHUP      graceful reload of all workers + reload of
              fpm conf/binary

       The PHP-FPM website:

       For a more or less complete description of PHP look here:

       A nice introduction to PHP by Stig Bakken can be found here:

       You can view the list of known bugs or report any new bug you found at:

       PHP-FPM SAPI was written by Andrei Nigmatulin. The mailing-lists are
       highload-php-en (English) and highload-php-ru (Russian).

       The PHP Group: Thies C. Arntzen, Stig Bakken, Andi Gutmans, Rasmus
       Lerdorf, Sam Ruby, Sascha Schumann, Zeev Suraski, Jim Winstead, Andrei

       A List of active developers can be found here:

       And last but not least PHP was developed with the help of a huge amount
       of contributors all around the world.

       This manpage describes php-fpm, version 7.0.4-7ubuntu2.1.

       Copyright © 1997-2016 The PHP Group
       Copyright (c) 2007-2009, Andrei Nigmatulin

       This source file is subject to version 3.01 of the PHP license, that is
       bundled with this package in the file LICENSE, and is available through
       the world-wide-web at the following url:

       If you did not receive a copy of the PHP license and are unable to
       obtain it through the world-wide-web, please send a note to so we can mail you a copy immediately.

The PHP Group                        2016                           PHP-FPM(8)